Connect with us

Anglais

A splintered Boko Haram, a shattered nation

admin

Published

on


Danny Glenwright is the executive director of Action Against Hunger. The humanitarian organization fights hunger and its root causes worldwide. Glenwright was in Nigeria from Sept. 5 to 11.

MAIDUGURI, NIGERIAThe first time the militants came for her daughters, Zara Shuwa refused to give them up.

Zara Shuwa and her son Rafiq, 5. Rafiq was a baby when the family fled Monguno in northeastern Nigeria after the murder of his father and abduction of his sisters, walking for five days to Maiduguri.
Zara Shuwa and her son Rafiq, 5. Rafiq was a baby when the family fled Monguno in northeastern Nigeria after the murder of his father and abduction of his sisters, walking for five days to Maiduguri.  (Danny Glenwright / Action Against Hunger)

It was 2013 and the terrorist group then known as Boko Haram had just killed her husband as he attempted to flee the family’s farm near the town of Monguno in the northeast.

But they came back, again and again. Each time Shuwa pleaded with them, and each time she breathed a sigh of relief when she convinced them to leave without her young girls, Fatima, 14, and Falmata, 11.

The fifth time they arrived at her door she wasn’t as lucky: that’s when they forced their way into the family’s home, beat up Shuwa and her eldest sons, and left with Fatima and Falmata. It was the last time she ever saw her daughters.

“I thought my life was over,” she says, looking down at her lap, her hands fidgeting with her shin-length striped hijab. “I can’t stop thinking about them.” Her youngest son, Rafiq, 5, glances anxiously up at his mother — he was a baby when the traumatized family fled Monguno following the murder of his father and abduction of his sisters.

Shuwa walked for five days with Rafiq and her five other sons, returning to the home where she was raised in Maiduguri, the capital of Nigeria’s Borno state, which is ground zero for the violent conflict that has plagued this region, now in its ninth year.

Those of us who work in the humanitarian sector refer to it as a “forgotten crisis.” But while it may have fallen off most front pages, the ongoing conflict involving a constellation of non-state armed groups continues to destabilize the entire Lake Chad district, which includes neighbouring countries Niger, Cameroon and Chad. It has uprooted more than 2.4 million people and left as many as five million without enough to eat.

At Gajiram clinic, a doctor checks a child's upper-arm circumference to determine the extent of malnourishment.
At Gajiram clinic, a doctor checks a child’s upper-arm circumference to determine the extent of malnourishment.

Over four days at the front lines of this conflict, I spoke to dozens of Nigerians who shared stories like Shuwa’s, including many who only recently fled to hastily assembled camps in the relative safety of Maiduguri. I visited several of these sites; all of them continue to welcome new arrivals daily, expanding their borders to encompass local schoolyards, farmers’ fields and government-owned land.

The word unprecedented is having a good run these days, but if it truly applies to any existing crisis, this is it. A dozen humanitarian agencies working in northeast Nigeria, including Action Against Hunger, the Toronto-based organization I help run, sounded the alarm last month, noting that 11 million people are currently in urgent need of aid in this hard-to-reach region.

Like so many protracted crises, this one has taken on its own nomenclature: “non-state armed groups” or “armed opposition groups” is how local stakeholders now refer to members of the group commonly known as Boko Haram, following its splintering in recent years into various affiliated cells with different aims and loyalties.

Whichever way you put it, the terror continues. On Sept. 4, the same day Canadian representatives highlighted the $68 million our country has pledged to address the Lake Chad humanitarian catastrophe at a high-level conference in Berlin, non-state militants reportedly kidnapped more than 10 people from a bus travelling in the east of Borno state. Kidnappings like this are a hallmark of the conflict.

Another abduction brought this crisis to the world’s attention in April 2014: the kidnapping of 276 schoolgirls from the Government Girls Secondary School in Chibok, a town south of Maiduguri. By then, non-state militants had been terrorizing Nigerians in this region since July 2009, when police killed their spiritual leader, Mohammed Yusuf, following violent clashes with his followers outside the Ibn Taymiyyah mosque where he preached here in Maiduguri.

Officials then demolished Yusuf’s mosque complex and launched a campaign to force his followers from the city. The remains of the compound are still visible today, sitting eerily abandoned amid overgrown rows of maize in one of the few spots in this mushrooming city of more than two million that is not bustling with human activity. Following his death, Yusuf’s number two, Abubakar Shekau, took the reins, regrouping from a new base in nearby Sambisa Forest, which is where the group took the kidnapped schoolgirls from Chibok.

In recent years, the government has fortified Maiduguri and all major centres in the northeast, surrounding them with military outposts and trenches. The wide ditches that border these “garrison towns” are reminiscent of medieval moats, except in 2018 the enemy arrives on motorbike, not horseback. Officials here even banned the use of motorbikes — which are ubiquitous in most other crowded West African cities — to curb drive-by attacks by militants.

Shuwa grew up not far from the site of the Ibn Taymiyyah mosque, but she had left Maiduguri by the time Yusuf founded his sect in 2002. Like most women in northern Nigeria, Shuwa was a child bride — married at 13 and a mother of eight children by the time she turned 30.

Shuwa and her husband settled near Monguno, his hometown. They started their family and a farm, growing millet and cowpeas. “We had enough to feed ourselves and sell the rest, and we eventually did well for ourselves,” she says.

The 105-kilometre drive from Maiduguri to Monguno is a very different road today from when 13-year-old Shuwa and her new husband took it back in 1996, when the region was a busy commercial centre.

The heavily potholed stretch is now regularly the scene of skirmishes between the military and armed opposition groups — they had reportedly clashed near the road earlier in the morning on the day our convoy travelled to Monguno. At one point on the journey, we passed a community that had recently been attacked. Burned-out vehicles and the charred remnants of homes and businesses now stand abandoned. A few children sat by the roadside, attempting to sell papayas and nuts.

The road is peppered with dozens of checkpoints — manned by both the military and the Civilian Joint Task Force, which formed in 2013 to help dislodge armed opposition groups from Maiduguri. As well, desperate bands of young boys hold their hands out, hoping for generosity from the transport trucks and aid convoys that pass through.

The rainy season recently turned vegetation on either side of the road a bright green. In many places, rows of beans and sorghum stand tall and healthy. The main thing you notice, though, is the lack of human activity. The communities of farmers who used to live along this stretch have all fled to the safety of nearby cities and towns, which are all under strict curfews. They now only venture out for a few hours during the day to harvest their crops or spray pesticide, which means yields have been drastically reduced.

Others aren’t as lucky. Most farmers here can’t access their crops at all because large areas of northeast Nigeria are no-go zones. The conflict has decimated local agriculture and wiped out regional trade routes. The result is a crisis that has left hundreds of thousands severely malnourished. In this region, many more people die from starvation than are killed directly by militants.

A malnourished child eats Plumpy'Nut at a clinic in Maiduguri.
A malnourished child eats Plumpy’Nut at a clinic in Maiduguri.

About halfway between Maiduguri and Monguno, at a maternal and child health clinic that my organization runs in Gajiram, I watched dozens of mothers with malnourished babies queuing to receive services, including Plumpy’Nut, a nutrient- and energy-rich peanut-based paste that they can take home with them. Some of their children also required treatment for malaria or cholera, which are both becoming problems here, exacerbated by overcrowded camps and the rainy season. Others need to be admitted because their kids are too sick to receive treatment at home.

I found one of these children, 2-year-old Hassan Modu, wrapped in a blanket beside his 18-year-old mother, Hawa. He and four other children in the clinic were suffering from severe wasting. Hassan had also developed a respiratory tract infection — his rib cage protruded from his tiny chest, the skin was tight around his head and neck, and his arms resembled small twigs. His outsized eyes, joyless, full of angst, and too big for his shrunken face, stared up at his mother.

Unfortunately, my job means I often see malnourished children in places like this, but no matter how many times I do, the horror of it never wanes. No 2-year-old should look as diminished and sickly as young Hassan.

“When we brought him in he was much worse,” the clinic doctor, Ahmed Dogara, assured me. “He is doing much better now.” It was hard to imagine what worse might look like.

Hawa told me the family is from a village near the clinic. Because of the conflict, her husband, who is a farmer, has not been able to reach his land so the family doesn’t have any food to eat. Like so many in this region, they now live in a camp for the internally displaced.

Hassan is now taking antibiotics and a therapeutic milk to stabilize him. Dogara says he’s improving.

Hawa Modu, 18, and her 2-year-old son, Hassan ? who was suffering from severe wasting and a respiratory tract infection ? at a maternal and child health clinic in Gajiram.
Hawa Modu, 18, and her 2-year-old son, Hassan ? who was suffering from severe wasting and a respiratory tract infection ? at a maternal and child health clinic in Gajiram.

Life for most women and children in this conflict-affected area of northeast Nigeria is grim. In July, the UN found that one in five children is severely malnourished. Meanwhile, more than 80 per cent of women in the region are illiterate; only 4 per cent of girls complete secondary school; more than half are married by age 16; and the number of women who die in childbirth is five times the global average.

Stories like Modu’s and Shuwa’s often get lost amid these staggering numbers and the headline-grabbing mass abductions.

Besides, the story of the role of women in this crisis is a complicated one to tell. In her book Women and the War on Boko Haram, Hilary Matfess says life is actually better for some women who support and live with the armed opposition groups. “The sect’s gender politics, while regressive and patriarchal by western standards, often represent a significant improvement in women’s status within the local context of Borno state.” Matfess notes that the militants provide food and shelter and prevent women from farming and performing other hard labour, which means they have more time for education and leisure.

Indeed, Amina Ali Nkeki, the first of the Chibok girls who was rescued, wanted to be reunited with the man she married during captivity. Local media outlets have reported that other Chibok girls have declined to be returned to their families, saying they prefer to remain in the Sambisa Forest stronghold.

Conversely, a number of young women taking part in a focus group in the region said they had all been married before age 16. They said they felt safer that way because armed groups tend to abduct young unmarried girls, like Shuwa’s two daughters. These young women are probably acutely aware that the armed groups in this region increasingly use young girls as suicide bombers. These are “options” no young girl should ever have to contemplate.

Most of the displaced women I met also remain terrified of the armed groups, including Aisha Mohammed Minti, 53, from Marte, which is one of the local government areas that is currently closed off to aid agencies due to the heavy presence of armed groups. In a now familiar story, Minti fled her village with her 10 children (four boys and six girls) after armed militants killed her husband and all the other men in her family. “I walked for three days … We had nothing, except the clothes we were wearing. Nothing.”

When Minti first arrived at the camp, she and her children had to forage for food, collecting leaves and other disposed food from waste bins. “I had to boil it and that’s all we had to eat in those first days,” she said. “My children were all super-thin,” she says, pointing to her arms.

Her children now have meat on their bones and they are healthy. Minti shakes her head when I ask if she would like to return home. “No, life is much safer in the camp.”

Back in Maiduguri, the same is true for Shuwa. When she first returned to Maiduguri, her six young boys often went hungry, and none of them went to school because they all had to beg for food to survive.

Last year we provided Shuwa with a cash grant to invest in a small business. She bought four lambs and started fattening them up so she could sell them at the festival of Eid al Adha, when Muslims sacrifice sheep and other livestock and give a portion of the meat away to the poor.

She now has enough money to feed her children and send four of her six sons to school. She’s hoping to grow her business next year so she can afford to educate all her boys.

That’s more than most mothers in this region can dream about.

Danny Glenwright is the executive director of Action Against Hunger.



Source link

قالب وردپرس

Anglais

These US entities partnered with the Wuhan Institute of Virology — time for a criminal investigation?

admin

Published

on

By

(Natural News) The Wuhan Institute of Virology from which the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) is believed to have “escaped” has a number of questionable partnerships that are worth looking into in light of the pandemic.

Most of them are universities, including the University of Alabama, the University of North Texas, and Harvard University. There is also the EcoHealth Alliance, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Wildlife Federation.

While the relationships between these entities and the Wuhan Institute of Virology may be completely innocent, there is no way to really say for sure without a proper investigation. And this is exactly what Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is calling for, as is the nation of Australia.

Pompeo and the folks down under, along with millions of Americans, would really like to know the true origins of the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19). An increasing number of people simply are not buying the narrative that the novel virus originated in bat soup at a Chinese wet market, and this even includes mainstream media outlets like Fox News.

The only way to really determine what was going on at the Wuhan Institute of Virology, and who else might have been involved. is to open the place up for an international investigation. But communist China is against this, of course, accusing Australia of “petty tricks” and collusion with the United States.

“Overnight, I saw comments from the Chinese Foreign Ministry talking about a course of activity with respect to Australia who had the temerity to ask for investigation,” Pompeo is quoted as saying in response to China’s aggression against a proposed investigation.

“Who in the world wouldn’t want an investigation of how this happened to the world?” he added.

As the U.S. aims to get back on track economically speaking, Pompeo believes that now is the time to hold communist China, the Wuhan Institute of Virology, and whoever else may have been involved accountable for unleashing this pandemic on the world.

“Not only American wealth, but the global economy’s devastation as a result of this virus,” Pompeo further stated. “There will be a time for this. We will get that timing right.”

Continue Reading

Anglais

New U.S. analysis finds that lab in Wuhan, China was “most likely” origin of coronavirus release

admin

Published

on

By

(Natural News) While American Leftists and most of the Democrat Party continue to serve as apologists for the Chinese Communist regime over its role in creating and then perpetuating the coronavirus pandemic, a new U.S. government analysis concludes that COVID-19 “most likely” escaped from a lab near Wuhan city.

The Washington Times reports that the analysis cataloged evidence linking the outbreak to the Wuhan lab and has found that other explanations for the origins of the virus are not as credible.

The paper reported:

The document, compiled from open sources and not a finished product, says there is no smoking gun to blame the virus on either the Wuhan Institute of Virology or the Wuhan branch of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, both located in the city where the first outbreaks were reported.

However, “there is circumstantial evidence to suggest such may be the case,” the paper says.

“All other possible places of the virus’ origin have been proven to be highly unlikely,” said the report, a copy of which was obtained by the Times.

ChiCom officials have claimed that the virus’ origin is unknown. However, Beijing initially stated that coronavirus came from animals at a “wet market” in Wuhan where exotic meats are butchered and sold in disgusting conditions.

Chinese officials claim that COVID-19 went from bats to animals sold in the market last year, then infected humans.

U.S. intelligence officials have increasingly dismissed that explanation, however, as attention has begun to focus on evidence suggesting that Chinese medical researchers were working with coronavirus in the country’s only Level 4 facility, which is in Wuhan.

U.S. Army Gen. Mark A. Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has said that intelligence agencies are investigating whether the virus escaped from a lab or was the result of a naturally occurring outbreak, but that analysts have ruled out reports that COVID-19 was manmade.

‘The most logical place to investigate the virus origin has been completely sealed off’

“At this point, it’s inconclusive, although the weight of evidence seems to indicate natural,” the general said on April 14, “but we don’t know for certain.”

The analysis said that the wet market explanation does not ring true because the first human diagnosis of coronavirus was made in someone who had no connection to the wet market in question. And according to Chinese reports, no bats were sold at that particular market.

At the same time, several questionable actions and a growing paper trail provide clues that the virus actually escaped from a lab, even as China begins to clamp down on those information streams.

Continue Reading

Anglais

The biggest media lies about the coronavirus: Origins, treatments and vaccines

admin

Published

on

By

(Natural News) If there is one thing that most everyone can agree on concerning the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, it is the fact that there is no shortage of conflicting information out there about the nature of it. And the mainstream media is certainly doing its part to steer the narrative as part of a larger agenda, using plenty of misinformation along the way.

The following are among the most commonly parroted lies about the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) that aim to distort the facts and deceive you into believing falsehoods about this pandemic:

Media LIE: The virus is not man-made

From the very beginning of this thing, the official narrative was that the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) came from a Chinese wet market where bats and other “exotic” animals are sold as meat. But the world later learned that it actually more than likely “escaped” from the Wuhan Institute of Virology.

The mainstream media and social media platforms went nuts trying to censor this information and even called it  “fake news.” But eventually it became undeniable that bat soup was not responsible for spreading the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) around Wuhan and eventually to the rest of the world – hence why we continue to call it the Wuhan coronavirus rather than just COVID-19.

We have even seen attempts by the media machine at making the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) a racial issue because there are supposedly more “people of color” coming down with it than people with fair skin, which further detracts attention away from the source of this virus.

Media LIE: Hydroxychloroquine is extremely dangerous and doesn’t work

The minute that President Donald Trump announced that hydroxychloroquine may be an effective, and very inexpensive, remedy for the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19), the mainstream media immediately began decrying this claim as fake news, even though Anthony Fauci himself praised hydroxychloroquine back in 2013 under Barack Obama as being some type of “miracle cure” for SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome).

There have even been studies conducted that were designed to intentionally smear the drug as both ineffective and dangerous, though one in particular purposely left out zinc, which appears to be a critical co-factor in supporting the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine – in other words, politics as usual.

Media LIE: Only a vaccine can save us from coronavirus

Many politicians and public health officials are parroting the lie that the only way America can come out of lockdown and go back to “normal” is to get vaccinated with some future vaccine for the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) that does not even yet exist. A vaccine, we are repeatedly told, is the only thing, or perhaps some new “blockbuster” antiviral drug, that can cure the world of this scourge and make everything happy and wonderful once again.

Meanwhile, not a peep is being made about things like intravenous (IV) high-dose vitamin C, which is being successfully used in other countries to stem the tide of infections without the need for new drugs and vaccines.

By omission, nutrition is pointless

Speaking of natural approaches to overcoming the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19) that are being systematically ignored by the mainstream media and most in politics, have you heard anyone mention the importance of nutrition in all of this? We did not think so, and this is intentional.

Regular readers of this site over the years should know by now that the single-most important thing you need to do to stay healthy besides exercising regularly is to feed your body the nutrition it needs to naturally ward off illnesses, including those associated with the Wuhan coronavirus (COVID-19).

Research compiled by the Lewin Group reveals that nutritional remedies such as calcium, vitamin D, folate, omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zeaxanthin, and more all play a critical role in fortifying the immune system, which, if properly nourished, should have little problem fending off disease.

Continue Reading

Chat

Anglais4 semaines ago

These US entities partnered with the Wuhan Institute of Virology — time for a criminal investigation?

Anglais4 semaines ago

New U.S. analysis finds that lab in Wuhan, China was “most likely” origin of coronavirus release

Anglais4 semaines ago

The biggest media lies about the coronavirus: Origins, treatments and vaccines

Actualités4 semaines ago

Andrew Scheer demande une mise à jour économique d’ici l’été

Actualités4 semaines ago

Plusieurs tours cellulaires incendiées au cours des derniers jours

Actualités4 semaines ago

Danemark: le déconfinement ne semble pas avoir accéléré la propagation de la COVID-19

Actualités4 semaines ago

Le maire de Joliette peu rassuré par le déconfinement en cours

Actualités4 semaines ago

Un homme de 61 ans tué à l’arme blanche à Montréal

Actualités4 semaines ago

Pas de déconfinement pour les commerces de Kahnawake

Actualités4 semaines ago

Quel avenir pour les restos-bars sportifs?

Actualités4 semaines ago

Éclosions de COVID-19 à l’Hôpital Pierre-Boucher de Longueuil

Anglais4 semaines ago

Nobel Prize winner who discovered HIV says coronavirus was definitely released from Wuhan lab, contains HIV DNA

Anglais4 semaines ago

Must-see infographic: The “Death Science” Depopulation Trifecta … Biological weapons, vaccines and 5G, all aimed at humanity

Anglais4 semaines ago

Dead coronavirus victims found stacked in U-haul trucks in front of New York City funeral home

Anglais4 semaines ago

Bill and Melinda Gates are preppers: Couple began storing food in their home years ago in case of a pandemic

Anglais4 semaines ago

Nearly half of severe coronavirus cases involve neurological complications

Anglais4 semaines ago

Global survey of deaths reveals coronavirus kills 10% of those diagnosed with symptoms, making it 100 times deadlier than flu

Anglais4 semaines ago

Homeland security scientist confirms that natural sunlight kills coronavirus

Anglais4 semaines ago

Big Pharma is rigging everything to make sure approved coronavirus “treatments” don’t actually work at all, while things that do work are discredited or criminalized

Anglais4 semaines ago

How Jagmeet Singh’s NDP Saved Canadian Workers From COVID-19 Economic Annihilation

Anglais2 années ago

Body found after downtown Lethbridge apartment building fire, police investigating – Lethbridge

Styles De Vie2 années ago

Salon du chocolat 2018: les 5 temps forts

Anglais1 année ago

27 CP Rail cars derail near Lake Louise, Alta.

Anglais1 année ago

Man facing eviction from family home on Toronto Islands gets reprieve — for now

Santé Et Nutrition2 années ago

Gluten-Free Muffins

Anglais1 année ago

This B.C. woman’s recipe is one of the most popular of all time — and the story behind it is bananas

Santé Et Nutrition1 année ago

We Try Kin Euphorics and How to REALLY Get the Glow | Healthyish

Anglais1 année ago

Ontario’s Tories hope Ryan Gosling video will keep supporters from breaking up with the party

Anglais1 année ago

A photo taken on Toronto’s Corso Italia 49 years ago became a family legend. No one saw it — until now

Anglais2 années ago

Condo developer Thomas Liu — who collected millions but hasn’t built anything — loses court fight with Town of Ajax

Styles De Vie2 années ago

Renaud Capuçon, rédacteur en chef du Figaroscope

Anglais1 année ago

This couple shares a 335-square-foot micro condo on Queen St. — and loves it

Mode1 année ago

Paris : chez Cécile Roederer co-fondatrice de Smallable

Anglais2 années ago

Ontario Tories argue Trudeau’s carbon plan is ‘unconstitutional’

Anglais2 années ago

100 years later, Montreal’s Black Watch regiment returns to Wallers, France

Anglais1 année ago

Trudeau government would reject Jason Kenney, taxpayers group in carbon tax court fight

Technologie1 année ago

YouTube recommande de la pornographie juvénile, allègue un internaute

Styles De Vie1 année ago

Ford Ranger Raptor, le pick-up roule des mécaniques

Affaires1 année ago

Le Forex devient de plus en plus accessible aux débutants

Anglais1 année ago

Province’s push for private funding, additional stops puts Scarborough subway at risk of delays

Trending