Connect with us


Midwives awaiting decision in pay equity case at Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario




Ontario midwives argue they’re paid about half of what they’re owed because of a gender-based pay gap that has widened dramatically in the years since the profession became regulated in the province.

The Ontario health ministry, which sets midwife pay, denies that gender has played any part in how midwives are compensated, countering that the remuneration reflects a number of factors, including significant differences in education and expertise between doctors and midwives.

Now, nearly five years after a complaint was brought to the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario, midwives are awaiting a decision.

Kentucky midwife helps deliver own baby via C-section

Elizabeth Brandeis, president of the Association of Ontario Midwives (AOM), said in an interview in early August that the organization is “quite optimistic” about the ruling.

She said the significance of the case — which has nearly 800 complainants — goes far beyond one profession.

“I think we’re having a more robust public conversation now about equal pay for equal work, and a real recognition that women are undervalued in terms of the structure of their pay,” she said.

In the midwifery case, she said, it’s “so obvious that we are a female-dominated profession providing care to almost exclusively women, and trans people having babies, and that you know pregnancy and birth are considered a female sphere.”

The gender pay gap costs Canadian women almost $16,000 a year

A spokesperson for the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) declined to comment on the case ahead of the decision, but said that the government “values the contribution of Ontario’s midwives because the care they provide benefits mothers, babies, and families as well as the health-care system.”

Represented by veteran pay equity lawyer Mary Cornish, the AOM filed the complaint on behalf of its members in November of 2013. Closing arguments wrapped up in June of last year.

Among other claims, the group alleged that the government allowed a gender-based pay gap to form by not taking steps to ensure the compensation-setting process for midwifery was free of discrimination, and not monitoring changes in the work of midwives.

READ MORE: 14 factors lead to workplace gender equality — here’s how Canada measures

Midwives are seeking an immediate compensation adjustment plus damages for “injury to dignity and self-respect,” changes to how they negotiate with the government, orders to ensure pay equity issues don’t arise in the future, along with an acknowledgement that a violation occurred under the human rights code.

In response to the midwives’ complaint, the provincial government has denied that “any aspect of the remuneration of midwives is discriminatory on the basis of sex.”

Reached Monday morning, a tribunal official could not immediately say when the adjudicator’s decision is expected, but said late last month a decision was anticipated within weeks.

The decision is binding, though the complainants and the respondent have the opportunity to appeal through seeking a judicial review.

The gender pay gap is not a myth. Here are 6 common claims debunked

Brandeis said that taking the issue to the tribunal was not a decision midwives took lightly.

“It did feel like our only option and a very long and frustrating history of inconsistent negotiations with government, a real unwillingness for government to see our case through a pay-equity, gendered lens,” she said.

Midwives attend 16 per cent of births in Ontario, the second-highest rate among all provinces. Almost all midwives in the province identify as women.

They provide primary health care during normal pregnancies — including labour, birth and postpartum — both for mom and baby, and are on call 24 hours a day.

The process involves building a relationship between the midwife and client, which proponents say leads to safe care and healthy outcomes.

The undervaluing of these kinds of skills is a component of gender-based pay inequity, midwives argue.

“Time spent and relationship building are not values that are prized in terms of the work that we think of as valuable in society and that’s a very gendered perspective,” Brandeis said.

Breaking down the pay equity claim

The midwives’ claim that they are underpaid stems from a robust pay equity analysis from expert consultant Paul Durber that was published in 2013.

In the report, commissioned by the AOM, he found that based on skill, effort, responsibilities and working conditions of midwives, top compensation should be set at 91 per cent of what a community health centre or family physician earns.

That would mean they would make just over $197,300 — an increase of $94,800 or 48 per cent more than the highest midwife salary, about $102,600 as of 2013.

Durber concluded that “given the extent of the pay equity gap, and the results of value comparisons, there exists significant wage discrimination adversely affecting midwives in their compensation, that is, it is not free from sex bias.”

WATCH: Here are 3 risks a woman over 35 may expect if she wants to become pregnant

The link between midwifery and doctor compensation goes back to when the practice became regulated and publicly funded in Ontario in the early 1990s.

In establishing the pay structure, the government of the day relied on an equity analysis and set top compensation at 65 per cent of that of family doctors, a historically male-dominated group.

“There was a recognition at that time there were many vulnerabilities in that profession, setting up the profession of midwifery as a female-dominated profession providing care in a women’s health realm,” Brandeis said.

Then, over the next two decades, pay grew by 76 per cent for comparison group, but midwives base salaries increased by 33 per cent, and were frozen for many of those years.

Canadian mothers increasingly giving birth through c-section

In its response to the complaint, the government said it rejected the validity and assumptions of the report and pointed out that, contrary to the assertion by midwives, the comparison group of doctors are not a male-dominated job class — just over half (53.2 per cent) were women as of 2012.

In addition, the ministry stated in its response, midwives receive additional compensation through benefits, operating grants and having their liability insurance paid for by the province, at $33,100 per year.

At the highest experience level, total midwife compensation can reach $192,300 per year.

WATCH: Study suggests stress experienced while pregnant has lasting health impacts for children

The government said that midwifery funding has grown by 428 per cent since the Liberals took office in 2003-2004, from $23.8 million to $125.5 million at the time the complaint was filed.

“This substantial level of public expenditure reflects the high value that MOHLTC attributes to the work performed by midwives in contributing to the well-being of women and newborns,” the ministry stated in its response.

Nonetheless, in 2010, the Courtyard report, an analysis jointly commissioned by AOM and the Liberal government itself, called for a 20 per cent boost in midwife pay. Those conclusions were not followed, however.

“It felt like a real betrayal of goodwill from government at that time, that this energy, funding, effort was put into examining our pay and then that was just ignored,” Brandeis said.

The government’s argument

In addition to denying that compensation for midwives has anything to do with gender, the government claimed that the differences in pay between midwives and doctors are due to over a dozen different factors.

Doctors have a broader scope of practice and treat more patients, including complex and risky cases, the ministry argued, and the job requires a higher level of judgment and deeper knowledge. The pay also reflects the province’s need to attract and retain medical talent, the ministry said in its response.

The ministry argued that medical school is more competitive, difficult and costly, and being a doctor requires a two-year residency requirement.

Midwifery, on the other hand, requires the completion of a four-year university degree program, which has limited enrollment each year, along with a year of post-graduate mentorship.

Brandeis said it’s a misconception that midwives are asking to be paid the same as family physicians or obstetricians.

“We recognize that physicians’ scope of practice and education is different from midwifery,” she said. “What we’re were asking for is a robust process that really does evaluate our skills, effort, responsibility and working conditions in comparison to other professionals who do similar work,” she said.

© 2018 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.


Source link

قالب وردپرس


Nostalgia and much more with Starburst XXXtreme




Get a taste of adventure with Starburst XXXtreme based on the legendary NetEnt Game. The nostalgic themes are sure to capture fans of the classic version as they get treated to higher intensity, better visuals, and features. The most significant element of the game is its volatility. Patience will not be an essential virtue considering the insane gameplay, and there is a lot of win potential involved. It retains the original makeup of the previous game while adding a healthy dose of adrenaline. 

Starburst Visuals and Symbols

The game is definitely more conspicuous than before. The setting happens over a 5-reel, 3-row game grid with nine fixed win lines, which function if a succession from the left to the right reel is present. Only those players that that attain the highest win per bet line are paid. From a visual standpoint, the Starburst XXXtreme slots illustrates lightning effects behind the reels, which is not surprising as it is inherited from the original version. Available themes include Classic, Jewels, and Space. The game is also available in both desktop and mobile versions, which is advantageous for players considering the global pandemic. According to Techguide, American gamers are increasingly having more engaging gaming experiences to socialize to fill the gap of in-person interaction. Starburst XXXtreme allows them to fill the social void at a time when there is so much time to be had indoors. 

Starburst XXXTreme Features

Players get to alternate on three features which are Starburst Wilds, XXXtreme Spins, and Random Wilds. The first appears on reels 2,3, or 4. When these land, they expand to cover all positions while also calculating the wins. They are also locked for a respin. If a new one hits, it also becomes locked while awarding another respin. Starburst XXXtreme offers a choice between two scenarios for a higher stake. In one scenario with a ten times stake, the Starburst Wild is set on random on reels 2,3, or 4, and a multiplier starts the respin. The second scenario, which has a 95 times stake, starts with two guaranteed starburst wilds on reels 2,3, or 4. it also plays out using respin game sequence and features. The game also increases the potential with the Random Wilds feature to add Starburst Wilds to a vacant reel at the end of a spin. Every Starburst Wild gives a random multiplier with potential wins of x2, x3, x5, x10, x25, x50, x100, or even x150.

The new feature is sure to be a big hit with the gaming market as online gambling has shown significant growth during the lockdown. AdAge indicates the current casino customer base is an estimated one in five Americans, so Starburst XXXtreme’s additional features will achieve considerable popularity. 

What We Think About The Game

The gambling market has continued to diversify post-pandemic, so it is one of the most opportune times to release an online casino-based game. Thankfully Starburst XXXtreme features eye-catching visuals, including the jewels and space themes. These attract audience participation and make the gameplay inviting. The game also has a nostalgic edge. The previous NetEnt iteration featured similar visuals and gameplay, so the audience has some familiarity with it. The producers have revamped this version by tweaking the features to improve the volatility and engagement. 

That is characterized by the potential win cap of 200,000 times the bet. Starburst XXXtreme does not just give betting alternatives for players that want to go big. The increase of multipliers also provides a great experience. If the respins in the previous version were great, knowing that multipliers can go hundreds of times overtakes the game to a new level. 

Players should get excited about this offering. All of the features can be triggered within a single spin. Whether one plays the standard game or takes the XXXtreme spin route, it is possible to activate all of the features. Of course, the potential 200,000 times potential is a huge carrot. However, the bet size is probably going to be restricted and vary depending on the casino. It is also worth pointing out that a malfunction during the gameplay will void all of the payouts and progress. Overall, the game itself has been designed to provide a capped win of 200,000 times the original bet. 

Continue Reading


‘We’re back’: Montreal festival promoters happy to return but looking to next year




In downtown Montreal, it’s festival season.

In the city’s entertainment district, a musical act was conducting a sound check on stage Friday evening — the second day of the French-language version of the renowned Just For Laughs comedy festival. Tickets for many of the festival’s free outdoor shows — limited by COVID-19 regulations — were sold out.

Two blocks away, more than 100 people were watching an acoustic performance by the Isaac Neto Trio — part of the last weekend of the Festival International Nuits d’Afrique, a celebration of music from the African continent and the African diaspora.

With COVID-19 restrictions continuing to limit capacity, festival organizers say they’re glad to be back but looking forward to next year when they hope border restrictions and capacity limits won’t affect their plans.

Charles Décarie, Just For Laughs’ CEO and president, said this is a “transition year.”

“Even though we have major constraints from the public health group in Montreal, we’ve managed to design a festival that can navigate through those constraints,” Décarie said.

The French-language Juste pour rire festival began on July 15 and is followed by the English-language festival until July 31.

When planning began in February and March, Décarie said, organizers came up with a variety of scenarios for different crowd sizes, ranging from no spectators to 50 per cent of usual capacity.

“You’ve got to build scenarios,” he said. “You do have to plan a little bit more than usual because you have to have alternatives.”

Continue Reading


MELS new major movie studio to be built in Montreal




MONTREAL — MELS Studios will build a new film studio in Montreal, filling some of the gap in supply to meet the demand of Hollywood productions.

MELS president Martin Carrier said on Friday that MELS 4 studio construction will begin « as soon as possible », either in the fall or winter of next year. The studio could host productions as early as spring 2023.

The total investment for the project is $76 million, with the Quebec government contributing a $25 million loan. The project will create 110 jobs, according to the company.

The TVA Group subsidiary’s project will enable it to stand out « even more » internationally, according to Quebecor president and CEO Pierre Karl Péladeau. In the past, MELS Studios has hosted several major productions, including chapters of the X-Men franchise. The next Transformers movie is shooting this summer in Montreal.

Péladeau insisted that local cultural productions would also benefit from the new facility, adding that the studio ensures foreign revenues and to showcase talent and maintain an industry of Quebec producers.


The film industry is cramped in Montreal.

According to a report published last May by the Bureau du cinéma et de la télévision du Québec (BCTQ), there is a shortage of nearly 400,000 square feet of studio space.

With the addition of MELS 4, which will be 160,000 square feet, the company is filling part of the gap.

Carrier admitted that he has had to turn down contracts because of the lack of space, representing missed opportunities of « tens of millions of dollars, not only for MELS, but also for the Quebec economy. »

« Montreal’s expertise is in high demand, » said Montreal Mayor Valérie Plante, who was present at the announcement.

She said she received great testimonials from « Netflix, Disney, HBO and company » during an economic mission to Los Angeles in 2019.

« What stands out is that they love Montreal because of its expertise, knowledge and beauty. We need more space, like MELS 4, » she said.

There is still not enough capacity in Quebec, acknowledged Minister of Finance, the Economy and Innovation Eric Girard.

« It is certain that the government is concerned about fairness and balance, so if other requests come in, we will study them with the same seriousness as we have studied this one, » he said.

Grandé Studios is the second-largest player in the industry. Last May, the company said it had expansion plans that should begin in 2022. Investissement Québec and Bell are minority shareholders in the company.

For its part, MELS will have 400,000 square feet of production space once MELS 4 is completed. The company employs 450 people in Quebec and offers a range of services including studio and equipment rentals, image and sound postproduction, visual effects and a virtual production platform.

Continue Reading
Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

MAPEI Canada inaugure l’agrandissement de son usine à Laval, au Québec

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

Le Gala Elles reconnaissent célèbre les femmes remarquables de l’industrie de la construction

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

Préparez votre maison pour l’hiver afin d’éviter les réclamations d’assurance

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

Quatre façons de commencer à travailler dans le domaine des ventes

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

La Commission indépendante soutient le recours de la Cour suprême contre le déni des droits des non-francophones par le Québec

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

Justin Trudeau est un raciste contre les Noirs et les Premières Nations – 14 signes

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

Enfants aux études loin de la maison : Trois conseils pour veiller à la santé de leurs finances

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

Règles et règlements que toutes les entreprises canadiennes doivent connaître

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

Épargnez pour l’avenir grâce à nos trucs financiers pour la rentrée

Styles De Vie2 semaines ago

Efficacité énergétique: 10 façons économiques de l’améliorer

Actualités1 année ago

Ces légendes du baccara vous dévoilent leurs secrets

Affaires2 années ago

Retard de vol : le devoir de la compagnie envers ses passagers

Anglais2 années ago

Nostalgia and much more with Starburst XXXtreme

Opinions2 années ago

Même les jeunes RÉPUBLIQUES se lassent du capitalisme, selon les sondeurs américains — RT USA News

Opinions2 années ago

« Aucune crise climatique ne causera la fin du capitalisme ! »

Opinions2 années ago

Innovation : le capitalisme « responsable », faux problème et vraie diversion

Opinions2 années ago

Vers la fin du Capitalocène ?

Opinions2 années ago

Le “capitalisme viral” peut-il sauver la planète ?

Opinions2 années ago

Livre : comment le capitalisme a colonisé les esprits

Opinions2 années ago

Patrick Artus : « Le capitalisme d’aujourd’hui est économiquement inefficace »

Anglais5 années ago

Body found after downtown Lethbridge apartment building fire, police investigating – Lethbridge

Santé Et Nutrition3 années ago

Comment aider un bébé à développer son goût

Anglais5 années ago

Head of Toronto Community Housing placed on paid leave

Styles De Vie5 années ago

Salon du chocolat 2018: les 5 temps forts

Anglais5 années ago

This B.C. woman’s recipe is one of the most popular of all time — and the story behind it is bananas

Santé Et Nutrition5 années ago

Gluten-Free Muffins

Anglais5 années ago

Condo developer Thomas Liu — who collected millions but hasn’t built anything — loses court fight with Town of Ajax

Anglais5 années ago

27 CP Rail cars derail near Lake Louise, Alta.

Anglais5 années ago

Man facing eviction from family home on Toronto Islands gets reprieve — for now

Santé Et Nutrition5 années ago

We Try Kin Euphorics and How to REALLY Get the Glow | Healthyish

Anglais5 années ago

Ontario’s Tories hope Ryan Gosling video will keep supporters from breaking up with the party

Styles De Vie5 années ago

Renaud Capuçon, rédacteur en chef du Figaroscope

Anglais5 années ago

Ontario Tories argue Trudeau’s carbon plan is ‘unconstitutional’

Anglais5 années ago

100 years later, Montreal’s Black Watch regiment returns to Wallers, France

Mode5 années ago

Paris : chez Cécile Roederer co-fondatrice de Smallable

Anglais5 années ago

Trudeau government would reject Jason Kenney, taxpayers group in carbon tax court fight

Styles De Vie5 années ago

Ford Ranger Raptor, le pick-up roule des mécaniques

Affaires5 années ago

Le Forex devient de plus en plus accessible aux débutants

Anglais3 années ago

The Bill Gates globalist vaccine depopulation agenda… as revealed by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.

Anglais5 années ago

Province’s push for private funding, additional stops puts Scarborough subway at risk of delays


slot server jepang
judi slot pulsa