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An overzealous cop. Kids tossed in jail. How one town took a stand on Halloween fun




If you left furniture on the front porch on Halloween night in the 1930s, you were foolish. May as well hang your chairs on the nearby telephone wires yourself, and save the kids the trouble.

A general “hooliganism” prevailed in those days: wagons dismantled and reassembled across town, windows soaped up, outhouses knocked over. It was so widespread that “you couldn’t arrest everybody — you wouldn’t have any place to put them,” a Toronto police historian once said.

Murray Bowes, left, and Stanley Baker were the youngest boys thrown in jail on Halloween 1936 in Richmond Hill
Murray Bowes, left, and Stanley Baker were the youngest boys thrown in jail on Halloween 1936 in Richmond Hill  (Toronto Star archives / Toronto Star archives)

In 1936, there was a man who defied that accepted wisdom. His name was Roscoe Casement, and he was the village constable of Richmond Hill. On Halloween night he rounded up six boys he believed were up to no good, and he brought them straight to the old town jail.

And then his life got complicated.

From Toronto, Richmond Hill was due north on Yonge St., up a great big hill: “Toronto’s Highest and Healthiest Suburb!” the signs used to proclaim. About 1,300 people lived there, and you could tell their religion by the direction they walked each Sunday morning. The horticultural industry was an important employer, and roses were a source of economic growth and local pride. Only the most beautiful Richmond Hill roses were sent to the world, and greenhouse workers were known to rescue the imperfect blooms from the garbage pile. Bernice Edmunds, now 92, remembers those days well. Her father took a pay cut during the Depression, but their home on Roseview Ave. was always fragrant with rejected roses of every colour.

People who lived in Richmond Hill were a careful lot. During the difficult years of the 1930s, the village reduced town salaries by 10 per cent. The community was dry years before Ontario enforced Prohibition on alcohol consumption, and it stayed dry until 1958. (Last week, the town council banned recreational cannabis smoking and vaping in public places.) As a village constable, Casement was a model of efficiency. He started the fires in the municipal building every morning at 7, dug drains, caught dogs, inspected sanitation, fixed things around town, and did police work when needed.

“There would be a lot of chores because there weren’t that many bad guys,” Edmunds explains. “But we had a town drunk. I won’t name him.”

The politicians wanted to get ahead of Halloween pranks that had long plagued the town. It was common for boys in town to get up to mischief, and the aggrieved parties often sent the bill to the village. In 1936 the “town fathers” decided they would distract the children with a party. There would be a fancy dress parade down Yonge St., and a movie at the arena — secured at considerable expense, mind you.

Edmunds, who was around 10, remembers walking south on Yonge in a Little Red Riding Hood costume her mother made from crepe paper. The destination was the big wooden arena, where she skated to the waltzes when the air was cold enough to make natural ice.

Richmond Hill, looking north up Yonge St. in 1940, a few years after the Halloween mischief.
Richmond Hill, looking north up Yonge St. in 1940, a few years after the Halloween mischief.

Edmunds doesn’t remember the stink bomb (“I just remember the good parts I guess”) but the local paper said the putrid smell was the first sign the “big party wasn’t being appreciated in the right way.”

Casement was the last line of defence. He was under orders from Reeve John Greene, known as Johnny to the locals, to “hold anybody” caught damaging property.

The first call of trouble came from C.H. Sanderson. Sanderson was a homebuilder and board of education official, and according to the city’s inventory of heritage homes, he lived on Roseview Ave. — one street over from the arena.

He had painted the steps of his veranda earlier in the day (“He was inviting trouble,” a local mused) and that night, a crew of boys were “having fun” at his expense. They moved a hay wagon on his front lawn and put “debris” on his newly painted steps. They scattered when he chased them but Sanderson was able to grab two of the youngest boys: Murray Bowes, 9, and Stanley Baker, 11.

He turned them over to Casement, and expected there would be a stern drive home. But Casement had his orders.

“What would he do with these kids, if he caught one?” says Edmunds, who knew Casement as Ross, the village constable. “He knew about the old jail so he stuck them in there.”

In the annals of Richmond Hill history, the Halloween lockup of 1936 has been overshadowed by other gems, like that time in 1939 when the king and queen came through town on their railway tour of Canada. The couple didn’t have time to stop, but the entire village waved as they came through town, and children put their pennies on the tracks so they’d have a souvenir. A little girl had been chosen to toss a bouquet of Richmond Hill roses at the slow-moving train, but she didn’t have a major-league arm. While accounts differ, Edmunds remembers a man — she thinks it was Reeve Greene — who ran to the tracks to try again, throwing them (respectfully) at the royal caboose.

Richmond Hill now has 195,000 people, but it still calls itself a town. The timeline on the walls of the local heritage centre reflects the major milestones, including the early settlement, the wars, the growth of the rose industry. There is no mention of Halloween 1936, but a few doors down, the old town park where it all went wrong is still a beacon of recreation, with a modern arena on site. Near the entrance, there is a mural of Reeve Greene painted on a utility box, reminding citizens to not trample flowers and plants.

Richmond Hill's town park still exists today, with a modern arena, but no jail.
Richmond Hill’s town park still exists today, with a modern arena, but no jail.

The old jail was built near this spot back in the Victorian era. It was a squat brick building that looked like a child’s drawing of a house, a square with a perfect triangle roof. By the 1930s, it was seen as an eyesore and a source of instability because of the “transients” who slept there during the Depression years. Edmunds remembers she would whistle a tune to “take courage” as she walked by, because she was never sure who was in there. In 1934, the village appeased some of the villagers by moving the jail deeper into the town park, but that only angered the residents of another street.

“Right now if the stately old coop could suddenly become articulate its theme song would surely be “Nobody Loves Me,” the local paper, the Richmond Hill Liberal, noted in 1934. The jail eventually found a home in the north side of the park, where it was hidden from the street by the arena.

One of the six men sleeping in the jail on Halloween was J. Clarke. He was a Scot who had owned a grocery store but had fallen into financial ruin, like many who travelled the country looking for work. The deal was: if you sawed a certain amount of wood for the municipal woodpile, you got supper, a night in the jail, and breakfast. Clarke, who was interviewed by the Star as he made his way to the tracks to hop a train bound for Whitby, said he had children of his own, and couldn’t imagine them locked in jail. He felt for the boys, who were sitting on a foldout bed in the cell. One was crying. Soon, four others joined them, brought by Casement.

“We told them not to worry and that they would be out before long,” Clarke said.

Meanwhile, word was spreading around town.

In the dark night, a large group of “indignant citizens” surrounded the old building. Some of the young men broke the padlock, freeing everybody inside.

“We told them to beat it,” Clarke said, “before the bull came back.”

According to the handwritten account in the local history room of the Richmond Hill library, the Nov. 2 village council meeting began with the usual gripes. Edith Morris appealed her assessment. Mary Riley complained that she had no sidewalk.

Then Murray Bowes’s father asked a new question. What authority did the village have for putting young children in jail?

The politicians didn’t really have answers. Halloween vandalism had long been a problem. But one councillor conceded that jailing children “might be wrong” but really, it’s hard to know what to do “in such a case.” Property had to be protected, after all. The reeve was out of town for a funeral, so the council thought it best to wait until he returned to investigate.

Word of the shenanigans had reached Toronto, and the Star had a front-page story that night: “Six boys put in jail for Halloween fun.” Inside the paper, there was a photo of the jail, pictures of two of the boys, and a detailed map of the lockup.

Murray Bowes’s parents said the “real culprits” were older boys who had run away. Murray and Stanley were easy pickings, “ambushed” by Sanderson and thrown into jail by “our brave constable.”

“Why did council appoint such a man?” Murray’s mother asked.

Villagers opened up to reporters, giving them every possible angle. One Toronto newspaper had “no less than six staff men here at one time,” the Richmond Hill Liberal marvelled.

By the third day of coverage, there were charges of nepotism. Mr. Sanderson — who had reported the pranks — well, his very own nephew had been there, too. “I got away because I could run faster,” Bobby Endean told the Star.

“All boys should be treated alike,” Mrs. Bowes said, “regardless of “influential relatives.”

Casement defended himself. He was only acting on the reeve’s orders to stop trespassing and destruction of property by “holding anyone found doing so.” And sure, the reeve never said to put the children in jail, but where else could he put them?

“I couldn’t hold them on the street while other destruction of property was going on,” he said.

None of the boys were locked up more than an hour and a half, and he was frankly a little annoyed that someone had damaged the lock.

“I have not been able to find out who broke the lock and released them, but when I do it will go hard with them,” he said.

Stan Baker was 11 when he made international headlines by being locked up by an overzealous constable on Halloween night in Richmond Hill in 1936. His wife thinks he is likely 14 in this picture.
Stan Baker was 11 when he made international headlines by being locked up by an overzealous constable on Halloween night in Richmond Hill in 1936. His wife thinks he is likely 14 in this picture.

The story was featured in the Boston Globe, Chicago Tribune and Los Angeles Times. As much as you could go viral before the dawn of the internet, Casement had done it. Updates on the drama were a daily front-page staple in the Star. They ran underneath photos of newly elected U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. They ran underneath a smiling Adolf Hitler shaking hands with Mussolini’s son-in-law, cementing the Italo-German accord that “may prove to be among the most momentous in the history of Europe.”

The Richmond Hill Liberal called it a “startling” amount of publicity. The ugly old jail was “irrepressible as far as the news columns are concerned,” they wrote. “One of the hardest things to live down will be the wisecracks of your friends in Toronto and elsewhere who when you appear on the scene will no doubt remind you that you are from that town where the stern arm of the law reaches right down to the kindergarten.”

Officials from children’s welfare groups pronounced Casement’s justice unreasonable and retrograde, but some villagers agreed with it. “It will teach them to obey the law,” one man said. One councillor wistfully remembered when he was locked up in a “pot hole” on his farm as a mischievous child.

“Casement took the wrong attitude,” Murray Bowes’s father said. “Down in York Township the police played with the boys on Halloween instead of putting them in jail.”

Murray had been so upset, he made 10 mistakes in his spelling test. Stanley’s mother said he had trouble sleeping.

“These children,” one high-ranking Queen’s Park official said, “may well bear the stamp of their terrifying experience for the rest of their days.”

Although six boys had been locked up, the newspaper coverage focused on the youngest two: Murray Bowes and Stan Baker.

Edmunds knew Bowes later in life. He and her husband used to talk about stocks and bonds, but not Halloween. She lost touch after her husband’s death. The Star was not able to contact Bowes, but the Star library found an obituary for a Stanley Baker, who died in 2012. The age was a match.

“Well isn’t that interesting,” his wife, Dorothy Baker, said when reached on the phone. “As soon as you mentioned the Halloween escapade I knew you had the right one.”

Dorothy, now 92, was from the nearby town of Aurora. She met the dashing Stan at a high school dance. Not long into their courtship he disclosed his “time in jail,” she says. The way she had heard it, an outhouse had been pushed over by some older boys. Stan hadn’t been involved, “but he was with the kids who were,” she says. “Of course, his parents pointed out to him then, you have to watch who your friends are.”

Dorothy Baker met Stan Baker in the early 1940s, when they both were teenagers. She did not grow up in Richmond Hill but when he told her about this caper, she was in disbelief. "He wasn't one to defy the law."
Dorothy Baker met Stan Baker in the early 1940s, when they both were teenagers. She did not grow up in Richmond Hill but when he told her about this caper, she was in disbelief. « He wasn’t one to defy the law. »

She said Stan did not “bear the stamp of his terrifying experience for the rest of his days,” as provincial officials had feared, nor did he hold a grudge.

He laughed about it, but “I’m not sure his parents were very proud of that,” she says. “They had hoped it would fade away.”

Stan always respected authority. This was his only brush with the law, aside from a few speeding tickets. At her home in Uxbridge, photos of her husband from their 65 years of marriage are spread on a coffee table as she reminisces.

During their years in Haliburton and retirement in Uxbridge, everyone knew Baker as a friendly guy, the sort who quipped to his neighbours, “What a beautiful day” when it was raining. At the gas station, the grocery store, outside of church, he was always up for a chat. But not about this. He wasn’t hiding it — it was just something that happened a lifetime ago.

“None of our children knew about it — when we told them they were like ‘Whoa, Grandpa,’ ” says Stan’s daughter-in-law Cathy Baker.

“It doesn’t sound like Grandpa,” Dorothy says, chuckling.

When Reeve Greene came back to town, he said there had been damage on Halloween, but he wasn’t sure if the jailed children were the culprits. He had bigger problems to deal with. Ontario’s public welfare minister, David Croll, had sent an investigator to Richmond Hill to assess Casement’s “Dark Ages” methods. Then he ordered the village to dismiss him — not from his municipal duties, but from his police work.

Nobody wanted Casement to lose his job. He made a mistake, but he was no “enemy of the children.” The village was a small place; he lived a few blocks from Baker and Bowes. He had a family.

“Even the boys’ mothers do not want the constable dismissed,” the Globe and Mail noted, “And mothers whose sons are clapped in jail because of merely mischievous conduct generally are pretty mad about it.”

The village councillors pleaded Casement’s case in the press. He was “just a general town caretaker,” and policing was a spare-time duty. Another constable investigated criminal acts in the district.

“While I deeply regret the unwise action of our constable I deplore the unnecessary and wholly unwarranted publicity given to the matter,” the reeve wrote to Queen’s Park.

In the weekend papers, a letter in the Star supported Casement, as did a small editorial in the Globe.

“Therefore let Roscoe Casement remain as Richmond Hill’s constable,” the Globe pronounced. “It is a long time till next Halloween anyway.”

Casement didn’t lose his job, but two years later, he was back on the Star’s front page, underneath the Dionne quintuplets, who were due to have their tonsils removed. Reeve Greene had summoned families of local boys to a special meeting, asking them to pay for the most recent spate of Halloween vandalism. The meeting did not go well. Casement “admitted he had not seen any of the boys actually damaging property,” the Star reported. “But he said he had found them running about the streets.”

One column to the left, the world was inching closer to war, and a headline predicted that German Jews would pay for an attack on diplomat Ernst Vom Rath. The German envoy had been shot in Paris by a 17-year-old “Polish Jew.” Retaliation was already happening with beatings and rumours of expulsions. Vom Rath died the next day and Nazis unleashed a wave of violence on Jewish people, businesses and synagogues. It came to be known as the Night of the Broken Glass, or Kristallnacht. It was, as the New York Times wrote on the 50th anniversary, “the end of any lingering illusion about the inclinations or intentions of the Nazis.”

By 1939, Canada was at war with Germany — and most of the children from the Halloween incident were in high school. Bernice Edmunds remembers that first week of school. Everybody listened to Hitler “rant and rave” on the radio at a school-wide assembly. The boys in her grade were “growing up” out of their “mischief years,” and then the war came. Everybody was busy — enlisting, volunteering, building airplanes in Malton. Too busy for pranks.

Dorothy Baker met Stan Baker in the early 1940s, when they both were teenagers. When he told her about his jailhouse stint, she was in disbelief.
Dorothy Baker met Stan Baker in the early 1940s, when they both were teenagers. When he told her about his jailhouse stint, she was in disbelief.

In 1942, after seven years of service, Roscoe Casement resigned as the village caretaker and policeman. His replacement was Stan Baker’s father, Leslie, a “well known citizen of the village,” according to the Richmond Hill Liberal. There was no mention of the unpleasant incident that had drawn both men together.

The next year, Stan Baker signed up for the navy.

“Conscription was going to be upon us, and Stan knew that,” Dorothy says. “Anyway, at 18, you know you’re gung-ho for anything.”

He made roughly 22 wartime crossings of the Atlantic Ocean. He always respected the captain of the ship and never understood when some of the other young men didn’t. Their lives were in his hands, he’d say. He proposed to Dorothy at the end of the war and they were married in 1947. By then, he had charmed her parents, who had initially been a little wary of his Halloween infamy.

“They felt the marriage was a good one,” she said.

He got a job working for H.J. Mills rose growers after the war, and then he spent his career in school board administration. He had a busy life with his children and grandchildren. He loved spending time with his family, Dorothy says.

“I think he redeemed himself quite nicely.”


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Nostalgia and much more with Starburst XXXtreme




Get a taste of adventure with Starburst XXXtreme based on the legendary NetEnt Game. The nostalgic themes are sure to capture fans of the classic version as they get treated to higher intensity, better visuals, and features. The most significant element of the game is its volatility. Patience will not be an essential virtue considering the insane gameplay, and there is a lot of win potential involved. It retains the original makeup of the previous game while adding a healthy dose of adrenaline. 

Starburst Visuals and Symbols

The game is definitely more conspicuous than before. The setting happens over a 5-reel, 3-row game grid with nine fixed win lines, which function if a succession from the left to the right reel is present. Only those players that that attain the highest win per bet line are paid. From a visual standpoint, the Starburst XXXtreme slots illustrates lightning effects behind the reels, which is not surprising as it is inherited from the original version. Available themes include Classic, Jewels, and Space. The game is also available in both desktop and mobile versions, which is advantageous for players considering the global pandemic. According to Techguide, American gamers are increasingly having more engaging gaming experiences to socialize to fill the gap of in-person interaction. Starburst XXXtreme allows them to fill the social void at a time when there is so much time to be had indoors. 

Starburst XXXTreme Features

Players get to alternate on three features which are Starburst Wilds, XXXtreme Spins, and Random Wilds. The first appears on reels 2,3, or 4. When these land, they expand to cover all positions while also calculating the wins. They are also locked for a respin. If a new one hits, it also becomes locked while awarding another respin. Starburst XXXtreme offers a choice between two scenarios for a higher stake. In one scenario with a ten times stake, the Starburst Wild is set on random on reels 2,3, or 4, and a multiplier starts the respin. The second scenario, which has a 95 times stake, starts with two guaranteed starburst wilds on reels 2,3, or 4. it also plays out using respin game sequence and features. The game also increases the potential with the Random Wilds feature to add Starburst Wilds to a vacant reel at the end of a spin. Every Starburst Wild gives a random multiplier with potential wins of x2, x3, x5, x10, x25, x50, x100, or even x150.

The new feature is sure to be a big hit with the gaming market as online gambling has shown significant growth during the lockdown. AdAge indicates the current casino customer base is an estimated one in five Americans, so Starburst XXXtreme’s additional features will achieve considerable popularity. 

What We Think About The Game

The gambling market has continued to diversify post-pandemic, so it is one of the most opportune times to release an online casino-based game. Thankfully Starburst XXXtreme features eye-catching visuals, including the jewels and space themes. These attract audience participation and make the gameplay inviting. The game also has a nostalgic edge. The previous NetEnt iteration featured similar visuals and gameplay, so the audience has some familiarity with it. The producers have revamped this version by tweaking the features to improve the volatility and engagement. 

That is characterized by the potential win cap of 200,000 times the bet. Starburst XXXtreme does not just give betting alternatives for players that want to go big. The increase of multipliers also provides a great experience. If the respins in the previous version were great, knowing that multipliers can go hundreds of times overtakes the game to a new level. 

Players should get excited about this offering. All of the features can be triggered within a single spin. Whether one plays the standard game or takes the XXXtreme spin route, it is possible to activate all of the features. Of course, the potential 200,000 times potential is a huge carrot. However, the bet size is probably going to be restricted and vary depending on the casino. It is also worth pointing out that a malfunction during the gameplay will void all of the payouts and progress. Overall, the game itself has been designed to provide a capped win of 200,000 times the original bet. 

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‘We’re back’: Montreal festival promoters happy to return but looking to next year




In downtown Montreal, it’s festival season.

In the city’s entertainment district, a musical act was conducting a sound check on stage Friday evening — the second day of the French-language version of the renowned Just For Laughs comedy festival. Tickets for many of the festival’s free outdoor shows — limited by COVID-19 regulations — were sold out.

Two blocks away, more than 100 people were watching an acoustic performance by the Isaac Neto Trio — part of the last weekend of the Festival International Nuits d’Afrique, a celebration of music from the African continent and the African diaspora.

With COVID-19 restrictions continuing to limit capacity, festival organizers say they’re glad to be back but looking forward to next year when they hope border restrictions and capacity limits won’t affect their plans.

Charles Décarie, Just For Laughs’ CEO and president, said this is a “transition year.”

“Even though we have major constraints from the public health group in Montreal, we’ve managed to design a festival that can navigate through those constraints,” Décarie said.

The French-language Juste pour rire festival began on July 15 and is followed by the English-language festival until July 31.

When planning began in February and March, Décarie said, organizers came up with a variety of scenarios for different crowd sizes, ranging from no spectators to 50 per cent of usual capacity.

“You’ve got to build scenarios,” he said. “You do have to plan a little bit more than usual because you have to have alternatives.”

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MELS new major movie studio to be built in Montreal




MONTREAL — MELS Studios will build a new film studio in Montreal, filling some of the gap in supply to meet the demand of Hollywood productions.

MELS president Martin Carrier said on Friday that MELS 4 studio construction will begin « as soon as possible », either in the fall or winter of next year. The studio could host productions as early as spring 2023.

The total investment for the project is $76 million, with the Quebec government contributing a $25 million loan. The project will create 110 jobs, according to the company.

The TVA Group subsidiary’s project will enable it to stand out « even more » internationally, according to Quebecor president and CEO Pierre Karl Péladeau. In the past, MELS Studios has hosted several major productions, including chapters of the X-Men franchise. The next Transformers movie is shooting this summer in Montreal.

Péladeau insisted that local cultural productions would also benefit from the new facility, adding that the studio ensures foreign revenues and to showcase talent and maintain an industry of Quebec producers.


The film industry is cramped in Montreal.

According to a report published last May by the Bureau du cinéma et de la télévision du Québec (BCTQ), there is a shortage of nearly 400,000 square feet of studio space.

With the addition of MELS 4, which will be 160,000 square feet, the company is filling part of the gap.

Carrier admitted that he has had to turn down contracts because of the lack of space, representing missed opportunities of « tens of millions of dollars, not only for MELS, but also for the Quebec economy. »

« Montreal’s expertise is in high demand, » said Montreal Mayor Valérie Plante, who was present at the announcement.

She said she received great testimonials from « Netflix, Disney, HBO and company » during an economic mission to Los Angeles in 2019.

« What stands out is that they love Montreal because of its expertise, knowledge and beauty. We need more space, like MELS 4, » she said.

There is still not enough capacity in Quebec, acknowledged Minister of Finance, the Economy and Innovation Eric Girard.

« It is certain that the government is concerned about fairness and balance, so if other requests come in, we will study them with the same seriousness as we have studied this one, » he said.

Grandé Studios is the second-largest player in the industry. Last May, the company said it had expansion plans that should begin in 2022. Investissement Québec and Bell are minority shareholders in the company.

For its part, MELS will have 400,000 square feet of production space once MELS 4 is completed. The company employs 450 people in Quebec and offers a range of services including studio and equipment rentals, image and sound postproduction, visual effects and a virtual production platform.

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