Fini la pornographie sur le réseau wi-fi au Starbucks


Il était déjà interdit d’utiliser les réseaux publics des succursales Starbucks pour consulter « des contenus choquants », a précisé un représentant du groupe à NBC News, mais jusqu’à maintenant, rien n’empêchait les internautes de le faire.

Le groupe américain dit avoir mis au point au dispositif qui permet de filtrer les contenus pornographiques. Celui-ci doit être mis en fonction dès les premiers jours de l’année 2019, aux États-Unis, a indiqué Starbucks dans un courriel envoyé au média en ligne Business Insider. Starbucks dit espérer que ce dispositif ne bloquera pas par accident des sites inoffensifs.

Des citoyens demandent depuis des années aux chaînes de restauration de bloquer les sites web présentant des contenus jugés inappropriés. L’organisation américaine Enough Is Enough, qui a pour objectif de « rendre l’Internet plus sécuritaire pour les enfants et les familles », a recueilli des dizaines de milliers de signatures pour une pétition à cet effet.

L’organisation s’est réjouie de la décision de Starbucks, a rapporté NBC News. Elle affirme toutefois que la compagnie s’est traîné les pieds, alors qu’elle se penchait sur cette question depuis 2016.


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Is this the noisiest neighbourhood in Toronto?


In a new occasional series, the Star delves into 311 data to see what our concerns say about the city. In the second instalment, we look at one of the biggest reasons why people pick up the phone to dial 311: the noise that’s keeping us up at night.

Lined by small lots with neat hedges, the tiny residential street of East Haven Drive in southwest Scarborough is almost deserted on a recent chilly Wednesday.

Recent immigrant Thomas Kyrgios waits for a bus on Kingston road. He says he finds the whole city much louder than his village back in Greece.
Recent immigrant Thomas Kyrgios waits for a bus on Kingston road. He says he finds the whole city much louder than his village back in Greece.  (Richard Lautens / Toronto Star file photo)

Other than the sound of children playing at a nearby school and the odd rev of a car engine on Kingston Road, the most noise comes from the steady beeping of a truck backing up at a nearby condo under construction.

This is the heart of the noisiest neighbourhood in Toronto . . . at least it is according to noise complaints filed with 311, the city’s hotline for non-emergency matters.

The western chunk of the old Scarborough Southwest ward, home to East Haven Dr., has the most 311 noise service requests so far this year of any area of the city at 360. And there have been 13 noise complaints on the street since 2016, according to the city’s website.

The Star went in search of the incredible racket that must be coming from this ordinary residential area, and found … not that much.

Read more: Toronto is known for dead raccoons and potholes. The city’s 311 nerve centre knows this reputation is well-earned

Construction has been “the big one” when it comes to noise issues for the past nine months or so, says Duncan MacDonald, who has lived in the neighbourhood for 21 years.

But noise from trucks and other equipment “wasn’t overpowering or anything,” he said.

“It’s not quite the end of the world.”

An unscientific snapshot of the noise levels there found it was about as loud as High Park.

Some residents in the same postal code area of Southwest Scarborough found the sound of children laughing intolerable in 2016. City staff were “inundated” with complaints about a toddler soccer team practising in Lynndale Parkette, the Star reported at the time. The program was eventually moved to a nearby public school.

“It kind of made our neighbourhood look a little bad that we would complain about little four- and five-year-olds kicking around a soccer ball,” said Alan Burke, president of the East Beach Community Association.

He suspects the spike in complaints has to do with new midrise condos in the last couple of years along Kingston Rd. as residents are not as used to construction as downtowners. But he said there have also been some issues with “boisterous” youths drinking in parks during the summer.

“I know also, in the Beach, people complain more than average,” he added with a laugh.

Whether the sliver of southwest Scarborough deserves the title of loudest neighbourhood, or people there just like to grumble, it’s clear that urban noise is a problem with high stakes for our health.

It’s even been linked to heart issues and is something experts and concerned citizens are sounding the alarm, as the city conducts a review into the noise bylaw.

Noise complaints are one of the biggest categories of city 311 service requests, taking the sixth spot in 2018 so far, just behind property standards, out of almost 650 categories.

Service requests related to noise in the city as a whole are on the rise, as are total 311 requests, from 5,079 in 2013 to 8,515 so far in 2018, according to data provided to the Star by 311 Toronto and open data on the city’s website.

The current noise bylaw limits construction to Monday to Friday 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and Saturday from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. But construction projects can apply for noise exemptions to do work outside those periods.

A 2015 city staff report on the noise bylaw noted that the number of those requests granted is growing, from 334 in 2011 to 567 in 2015. The largest numbers of noise complaints in 2015 were about construction (3,611), followed by loud music (2,535), animal noise (2,267) and mechanical noise (819).

Cathie Macdonald, a former city planner who’s part of the Toronto Noise Coalition advocating for a stricter city noise complaints bylaw, understands the city is growing and becoming a 24-hour global destination.

“You also have to respect that people want to sleep,” she said.

Residents “are getting very frustrated” with noise coming from clubs in the entertainment district, the near constant sounds of construction and even the sound of leaf — blowers.

“There are some neighbourhoods where there seems to be a fleet of leaf-blowers about, when you can’t have a conversation in your house because it’s so loud,” she said.

City staff are expected to come back with proposed recommendations on the noise bylaw in the second quarter of 2019.

The report identified several criticisms of the current bylaw from a round of public consultation, including that too many noise exemptions are being granted, and penalties are not deterring noise offenders.

While noise is “happening in big cities everywhere,” other places, such as New York City, are making quiet more of a priority, said the noise coalition’s Macdonald.

Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg tightened that city’s noise code in 2007, regulating the noise of everything from ice-cream trucks to nightclubs, the New York Times reported that year. Despite this new regime, noise complaints are still the biggest category of 311 service (New York uses the same phone number requests since 2010, according to the city’s open data.

But contractors are required to make and post “noise-mitigation plans” at construction sites in the city that never sleeps to let neighbours know how the contractors will reduce the noise from pounding jackhammers and screeching saws.

Back on East Haven Dr., where the city says the most common type of 311 noise complaints are about construction, that’s something that might help, said MacDonald.

The new condo has caused some tensions in the neighbourhood, he said, as the area gets denser along the major thoroughfare of Kingston Rd.

“Certainly, if you’re doing construction or intensification, you should be conscious of that and maybe work with the councillor, things like that,” he said.

“There’s always going to be a certain amount of construction noise, OK, well, how do you mitigate that?”

Robert Freedman, general counsel for VHL Developments, the builder of Haven on the Bluffs, said in an email that the company has had “no issues” with noise, other than a bylaw notice about 16 months ago it “immediately complied with” to do with when it started work.

He added any noise from the project is no different from that of “countless condo and other development and public works projects spanning all across the city.”

The noise from those countless condos, as well as from traffic, music and other urban sources, can have serious health effects, says Tor Oiamo, an assistant professor in the department of geography and environmental studies at Ryerson University.

Oiamo co-wrote a report with Toronto Public Health on noise in the city in 2017 that notes that it is louder in the city than the level the World Health Organization recommends.

The public agency conducted a noise-monitoring study in Toronto in 2016 and found the average 24-hour equivalent noise levels were 62.9 dBA (measured in units of ‘A-weighted’ decibels, an expression of the relative loudness of sounds in air as perceived by the human ear), well above the WHO guidelines of 55 dBA outdoors in daytime and 40 dBA during the night.

All that racket is not just a threat to hearing; Oiamo said chronic exposure to high noise levels has been linked to cardiovascular health effects, ranging from high blood pressure to heart attacks, particularly in people who are already vulnerable.

“The way we do the science isn’t really like loud noise gives you a heart attack … it increases the risk,” he said.

“It can happen while you’re sleeping; you don’t even need to, necessarily, wake up.”

Noise can also impact sleep, mental health, and has been linked to increased risk of diabetes.

Oiamo said he suspects “there’s probably a relationship between increase in construction activity” and the increase in 311 noise complaints.

While complaints about construction are common, on average, across Toronto, most of the noise (nearly 60 per cent according to the 2017 Toronto Public Health Report) comes from traffic.

For Thomas Kyrgios, even though Southwest Scarborough isn’t exactly Yonge and Dundas Square, that traffic is still much louder than what he’s used to.

He lives just north of Kingston Rd., near East Haven Dr. Arriving five months ago from the sun-spackled village of Zoodohos in North-West Greece, where the loudest thing is “the dogs,” he’s not used to it.

He blames “the cars and motorcycles” here. Making a revving engine motion with his hands, he said it’s worse in the summer with tourists heading to the nearby Scarborough Bluffs.

“The noise,” he said, waiting for the 12A Kingston Rd. bus as a truck rumbled by, is “too much.”

How loud is it?

The Star took a decibel meter to different spots across the city for an unscientific snapshot of noise levels, recording both maximum and minimum levels for one minute. The readings are taken in A-weighted decibels (dBA), an expression of the relative loudness of sounds in air as perceived by the human ear.

The scale is logarithmic, which means small jumps make a big difference in loudness. The level found in an average office is about 45-50 for example, but doubling that to 100 is extremely loud and would damage a person’s hearing depending on how long they were exposed to it.

For context, the sound of a jet plane from 100 ft. is about 135 dBA, according to the U.S. public health campaign Dangerous Decibels. Hearing damage can occur after less than a minute of exposure at 112 dBA, and at lower levels, if you’re exposed to the sound for longer.

While noise-monitoring studies are typically done over a 24-hour period, the readings offer a glimpse into some of the loudest and quietest places in Toronto.

Woodbine Beach:

Date: Tuesday Nov 13

Time: 1:25 p.m.

Sounds: It’s a calm day, so there’s no sound of crashing waves, but you can hear cars on Lake Shore Blvd., the occasional dog barking, and a distant airplane.

Max: 58 dBA

Min: 46.2 dBA

East Haven Drive near condo construction:

Date: Tuesday Nov 13

Time: 2:16 p.m.

Sounds: You can hear kids from a nearby school outside for recess laughing and shouting and some light construction noises, such as the beeping of equipment, as well as cars in the distance.

Max: 66.4 dBA

Min: 54.7 dBA

Under Gardiner overpass at Yonge St:

Date: Tuesday Nov 13

Time: 3:45 p.m.

Sounds: You can hear the rev of car engines and the squeal of brakes, and there’s so many cars lined up in traffic, the sound is almost overpowering.

Max: 81.1 dBA

Min: 70.2 dBA

High Park just inside the main entrance (off High Park Ave.):

Date: Tuesday Nov 13

Time: 4:32 p.m.

Sounds: Despite the peaceful setting, you can still hear cars from nearby High Park Ave., the revving of engines and the thump of a skateboarder on the pavement. There are also dogs barking and planes overhead in the distance.

Max: 66.1 dBA

Min: 51.8 dBA

Bloor Yonge Station platform for east and westbound Line 2 trains:

Date: Tuesday Nov 13

Time: 5 p.m.

Sounds: When the train rumbles in, you can hear the wheels screeching loudly and lots of people talking.

Max: 83.2 dBA

Min: 59 dBA

Rosedale residential neighbourhood:

Date: Tuesday Nov 13

Time: 5:18 p.m.

Sounds: You can hear subway trains on elevated tracks, and the footsteps of people walking by, as well as cars and planes in the far distance. But everything seems to be muffled and calm.

Max: 54.1 dBA

Min: 43.7 dBA

Yonge and Dundas:

Date: Tuesday Nov 13

Time: 5:35 p.m.

Max: 88.2 dBA

Min: 67.9 dBA

Sounds: Arguably one of the loudest places in Toronto. During a busy rush hour, the “walk sign is on” announcement blares and the signal beeps. The guy at the corner yells “Jesus is real and he wants to have a relationship with you,” as cyclists ring their bells, a bus brakes, and cars and motorcycles rev their engines. There’s also the sound of loud drumming from a busker in a yellow fleece duck suit.

Inside the Toronto Star’s 1 Yonge St. office:

Date: Wednesday Nov. 14

Time: 10:19 a.m.

Max: 50.7 dBA

Min: 47.4 dBA

Sounds: Inside a busy office on a weekday morning, you can hear people talking and typing, doors opening, chairs squeaking and the humming of heating and air-conditioning vents.

May Warren is a breaking news reporter based in Toronto. Follow her on Twitter: @maywarren11

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Woman dead after being hit by vehicle in Mississauga – Toronto


Peel police say a 65-year-old woman is dead after being hit by a vehicle in Mississauga Friday evening.

Police said they were called to the area of Winston Churchill Boulevard and Duncairn Drive just before 8 p.m.

When authorities arrived on scene, the woman was transported to hospital in life-threatening condition.

Case of Brampton teen fatally struck by bus no longer being treated as fail-to-remain collision

She was later pronounced dead.

The driver of the vehicle remained on scene and is co-operating with police.

Winston Churchill is closed between Thomas Street and Duncairn Drive as the Major Collision Bureau investigates.


© 2018 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.


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La CAQ ne pénalisera pas les écoles défavorisées qui s’améliorent


Le gouvernement Legault s’est engagé vendredi à ne pas punir financièrement des écoles dont l’indice de défavorisation s’est amélioré.

Un financement supplémentaire est en effet accordé aux écoles qui sont situées dans des zones jugées défavorisées en fonction d’un indice, en vue de fournir des services additionnels aux élèves. Cependant, si la situation économique du secteur s’améliore, le financement leur est retiré conformément aux règles, mais le gouvernement caquiste mettra fin à cette pratique.

À la période de questions vendredi, Québec solidaire (QS) a mené la charge en rappelant que la Coalition avenir Québec (CAQ) s’était engagée à « protéger » le budget en éducation, donc à le mettre à l’abri de compressions.

La députée de Sherbrooke, Christine Labrie, a demandé au ministre de l’Éducation, Jean-François Roberge, si la protection s’appliquait même dans les cas où des écoles amélioraient leur classement selon l’indice de défavorisation, ou si elles étaient alors pénalisées financièrement.

Son collègue, le député QS de Gouin, Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois, a pour sa part fait savoir que dans sa circonscription seulement, ce serait un manque à gagner de 1,3 million. Or cette enveloppe sert à embaucher des orthopédagogues, des orthophonistes, des éducatrices spécialisées, a-t-il expliqué.

« Le ministre a passé quatre ans de ce côté [de l’opposition] en Chambre à déchirer sa chemise chaque fois qu’il y a eu des compressions dans les services aux élèves. Aujourd’hui, il est au pouvoir. On veut un engagement clair. »

En réplique, M. Roberge a reconnu que les données du dernier recensement montraient que certains quartiers s’étaient enrichis et d’autres s’étaient appauvris. Cependant, son gouvernement entend changer les règles pour ne pas réduire le financement des écoles.

« Ça amènerait, si on ne faisait rien, à des coupures l’an prochain. On est au travail pour s’assurer que ça n’arrive pas. Donc, on déposera évidemment des plans, des projets pour protéger les services aux élèves. On ne coupe pas, nous, dans les services aux élèves. »


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Turn This Lemony Rent Week Pasta with Leeks and Chile Flakes All the Way Up


The term background music has always bothered me. Why would I want background music? If music is good, it should be played loudly. I’ve never understood the point of playing music softly, dulled to the point where you can hear it without really hearing it. Especially if it’s quiet music to begin with. Life is too short to play gentle music quietly.

Wait. Alex, are you using your opinions about music and volume settings as a metaphor to lead us into some kind of culinary exploit?

You’re goddamn right I am. Because I think about food in exactly the same way I do quiet music: Just because you’re presented with less, that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t absorb every ounce of it to the fullest. Whether the music is raucous or tender, whether the ingredients are opulent or humble, play it loud. And seeing that it’s Rent Week, we’re going to be turning up the volume on a humble list of ingredients. We’re making a simple, lemony leek pasta with anchovies and chile flakes. Don’t go running at the mention of anchovies—I promise this isn’t a fishy pasta. Just throw on this Loud Little Vibrations playlist I made for you (completely free of charge) and grab some leeks.

Speaking of, leeks are without argument the most undervalued allium around. They provide that sweetness we love, without any harsh bite. And they’re affordable! Which is why leeks are getting the spotlight in this Rent Week pasta dish. We’re going to sauté them and fry them into a nice crispy topping. But first we have to slice them.

Slice 3 large leeks in half lengthwise. Thinly slice one of the halves widthwise so you have a bunch of small, crescent-shaped pieces of leek. We’re going to fry these. Cover the bottom of a skillet in olive oil and heat it over medium heat. Drop the thinly sliced leeks into the oil and let them fry until they start to turn golden-brown. Once this happens, turn off the heat and transfer the crispy leeks onto a paper towel with a slotted spoon. We’ll come back for those when we serve our pasta. But before we get to pasta, you need to zest 1 lemon with a Microplane. Save the lemon. We’ll come back for that too.

ortiz anchovies

Yup, these are the ‘chovies. You need them. They’re good. I swear.

Fill your pasta pot with water (Don’t forget to season that water with kosher salt) and cook on high heat. While the water comes to a boil, let’s get back to the rest of the leeks. Slice the remaining leeks into slightly broader crescents than the leeks we fried, about ½” wide. In a Dutch oven, heat 3 Tbsp. of butter over medium-low heat and add the sliced leeks, stirring them so they’re coated in butter. Add a pinch of kosher salt, two hefty pinches of red pepper flakes, a generous glug of white wine (whatever you have lying around will do), ½ of the lemon zest, and 5 anchovy fillets.

Fine. Let’s take a minute and talk about anchovies. I understand why people are turned off by a ‘chovy. But just because you add anchovies to something doesn’t mean the dish is instantly going to taste really fishy. You won’t turn into a slimy fish if you eat or smell this pasta. I promise. The anchovy provides a deep umami flavor to the sauce. Nothing overwhelming. Just a backbone of flavor to make this pasta taste like a hell of a lot more than it actually is. We need the anchovy. And it’s best if you use olive oil packed anchovies with a resealable lid.

Drop your pasta into the boiling water, and stir the leeks so that the anchovies dissolve into the sauce. There! They’re gone! You can’t even see them anymore. Squeeze the juice of the lemon you grated earlier into the sauce and stir. Keep the sauce over low heat, simmering until your pasta finishes cooking.

20181127 GIFT GUIDE WEB4656

Photo by Alex Lau

Look at your pasta. Isn’t it lovely?

And by finishes cooking, I mean is just short of al dente. We’re finishing it in the pan, so we want to be able to cook it just a tad longer. Add about 1 cup of the pasta water to the Dutch oven, and transfer the pasta to the Dutch oven using tongs or a spider. Add 2 Tbsp. of butter and toss the pasta. Normally, you’d add some grated Parmesan here too to really thicken your sauce. Seeing as it’s Rent Week, that’s totally optional. Just a little finely grated Parm goes a long way in the sauce, but the butter, wine, pasta water, and lemon will do their fair share if you don’t have Parm on hand.

Once the pasta is coated in a glossy sauce, it’s topping time. Plate your pasta in a shallow bowl and hit it with a sprinkle of the remaining lemon zest, a pinch of red pepper flakes, and some of the crispy leeks we started with. If you’ve got more grated Parm around, go for it, but like I said earlier, it’s Rent Week. I’m not made out of cash. Or Parmesan.

And now that you’re eating the pasta, that music you’ve had turned up while you were cooking is pretty hard to hear. Everything else is pretty hard to hear. Because for being such a quiet list of ingredients, what’s happening in that bowl is pretty damn loud.

In more of a soup-ish mood? We’ve got that too:



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Canadian party leaders, politicians weigh in on the signing of NAFTA 2.0

Canadian politicians weigh in on the signing of a renegotiated NAFTA agreement in Buenos Aires, Argentina, this morning.

There’s much more work to do in lowering trade barriers and in fostering growth that benefits everyone.  But reaching a new free trade agreement with the United States and Mexico is a major step for our economy. Canadians got here because Team Canada was driven by the interests of the middle class.  Free and fair trade leads to more and better-paying middle-class jobs for more people.  And the benefits of trade must be broadly and fairly shared.  That is what modernizing NAFTA achieves, and that is why it was always so important to get this new agreement done right.

— Prime Minister Justin Trudeau

« The Americans are counting their victories in what they got from Canada and Trudeau is counting his victories in what he didn’t have to give away… This deal includes a cap, a limit to what Canadian agricultural producers can sell to other countries. Not the U.S., not to Mexico, but to other countries. That is devastating to our agricultural communities. It’s unprecedented for a government, for a prime minister to agree, in order to please the Americans, not to sell to other countries so that they can sell, so that American farmers can fill that market. … This deal is not better than what we had going into these talks. There’s no gains for Canada. It’s all concessions, no victories. »

— Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer

« Trudeau has just sacrificed tens of thousands of good jobs in Canada. He has given in to Donald Trump and given up the last lever Canada had to protect farmers and tens of thousands of workers in Canada’s aluminum and steel industries. The Trudeau government promised repeatedly that it would defend Canada’s supply management system and fight against Trump’s illegal tariffs, but instead he has dealt a devastating blow to supply management and signed away any leverage we had to stop the tariffs. »

—NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh

« Trudeau lied to dairy producers. He promised them he would never sign an agreement that gave the Americans the right to decide how we organize our production. He signed that agreement this morning. He promised that he’d never let Donald Trump stop our producers from selling their surpluses on the global market. He did that. The Liberals’ word means nothing. »

—Bloc Quebecois international trade critic Gabriel Ste-Marie

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Et si médecins et enseignants confondaient immaturité et trouble de l’attention?


Les enfants les plus jeunes de leur classe sont plus susceptibles d’être diagnostiqués d’un trouble de l’attention, avec ou sans hyperactivité (TDAH), que les plus âgés de la classe, selon une étude américaine qui devrait alimenter le débat sur les surdiagnostics.

Le sujet est brûlant aux États-Unis, où 5 % des enfants de 2 à 17 ans prenaient des médicaments contre le TDAH en 2016. Les plus petits sont de plus en plus concernés : le taux de diagnostics entre 2 et 5 ans a augmenté de moitié entre 2007 et 2012.

L’étude, publiée dans le New England Journal of Medicine, est importante par sa taille (400 000 enfants) et ingénieuse par la méthode.

Les chercheurs ont comparé les enfants nés au mois d’août et ceux nés en septembre, dans les États américains qui ont une date butoir stricte et exigent que les enfants aient 5 ans au 1er septembre pour qu’ils entrent à l’école cette année-là.

Dans ces États, les enfants nés en août sont systématiquement les plus jeunes de leur classe. Ceux nés en septembre sont les plus âgés.

En épluchant les données relatives à plus de 400 000 enfants nés entre 2007 et 2009, ils se sont aperçus que les enfants nés en août (les plus jeunes d’une classe) étaient 34 % plus nombreux à avoir un diagnostic de trouble de l’attention, par rapport à ceux nés en septembre.

Dans les États sans date butoir, la différence s’évanouit.

« Le quart des enfants nés en août et qui ont un diagnostic de trouble de l’attention n’auraient pas reçu ce diagnostic s’ils étaient nés en septembre », dit à l’AFP le coauteur Anupam Jena, professeur à l’école de médecine d’Harvard.

Cela signifie soit que les plus jeunes sont surdiagnostiqués, soit que les plus âgés sont sous-diagnostiqués. Mais le médecin penche pour la première option.

Les enseignants sont souvent les premiers à signaler un trouble de l’attention. Or les enfants les plus jeunes peuvent exprimer des symptômes similaires aux troubles de l’attention — manque de concentration, distraction…— qui seraient tout simplement dus… à leur immaturité.

Il n’existe pas de test objectif absolu de TDAH. Le diagnostic est fondé sur une évaluation subjective, où l’avis des enseignants pèse.

Ces travaux renforcent des études aux résultats similaires aux États-Unis et dans d’autres pays.

Les enseignants sont donc appelés à la prudence et à la patience par les auteurs de l’étude. Et en cas de doute, « un médecin devrait attendre cinq ou six mois afin de laisser l’enfant mûrir un peu avant de commencer un traitement », dit Anupam Jena.


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Ontario Tories argue Trudeau’s carbon plan is ‘unconstitutional’


Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s imposing of a national price on carbon to reduce greenhouse gas emissions would “seriously disrupt the balance of powers set out in the Constitution,” argues Premier Doug Ford’s government.

In legal arguments filed Friday with the Ontario Court of Appeal, the province contends it would be “unconstitutional” for Ottawa to introduce the measure next year.

Premier Doug Ford’s government has filed legal arguments challenging the validity of the federal government’s plan to charge a national price for carbon.
Premier Doug Ford’s government has filed legal arguments challenging the validity of the federal government’s plan to charge a national price for carbon.  (Chris Young / THE CANADIAN PRESS)

“There is no need to dramatically expand the scope of federal jurisdiction to allow Parliament to impose its preferred method of combating greenhouse gas emissions on the provinces,” the provincial government said.

The 41-page factum, bolstered by more than 400 pages of appendices, maintains the levies in the federal legislation are “neither valid regulatory charges nor valid taxation.”

It is the latest salvo in Ford’s $30-million legal crusade against Trudeau’s carbon-pricing plan. Saskatchewan and New Brunswick are also fighting the federal proposal.

“The extremely wide variety of activities that give rise to greenhouse gas emissions lack the singleness, distinctiveness and indivisibility that must be present before the federal government can regulate a matter under the national concern doctrine,” the factum said.

Ontario Environment Minister Rod Phillips noted “Ontario is already doing its part and our families, workers, and businesses have already sacrificed a lot.”

“Most of Canada’s progress towards meeting its greenhouse gas emission targets is due to action Ontario has taken without having to resort to a job-killing carbon tax,” said Phillips, who tabled the province’s climate plan Thursday.

“There is no justification to punish them further with a carbon tax,” he said.

Federal Environment Minister Catherine McKenna said “a court challenge isn’t a substitute for a serious climate plan.”

“Climate change is a crisis. We have jurisdiction. Pollution doesn’t know any borders,” McKenna said in an interview.

“This is clearly an issue of national concern,” she said, noting the prime minister will be discussing it with the premiers at the first ministers’ meeting in Montreal next Friday.

Under Trudeau’s plan, the average Ontario household will pay $244 more annually on gasoline, natural gas, and home heating oil, but will receive $300 back in rebates for a net gain of $56 a year.

The proceeds will be bankrolled by carbon-polluting industries.

Ontario had been exempted from the federal carbon scheme because it was in a cap-and-trade alliance with California and Quebec that brought in $1.9 billion annually to provincial coffers to fund environmental initiatives like retrofitting homes and public buildings as well as subsidize the purchase of electric cars

But the Tories extricated Ontario from the pact, exposing the province to the federal plan to put a price on carbon emissions.

Robert Benzie is the Star’s Queen’s Park bureau chief and a reporter covering Ontario politics. Follow him on Twitter: @robertbenzie


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