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‘I felt helpless’: Teachers call for support amid ‘escalating crisis’ of classroom violence

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Last fall, a Grade 2 teacher was with her class when a student planted himself in front of the doorway.

The seven-year-old boy yelled, « No one’s gonna leave the classroom! »

« It was a hostage situation, » the Ontario teacher recalled.

When she called the office, the student began to kick and punch an educational assistant, yelling « in a fit of rage » as 17 other students watched helplessly.

It’s difficult to pinpoint why young children act out against their teachers, said Judith Weiner, a psychology professor at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. (Ben Shannon/CBC)

She filed a report and spoke to representatives from her school board and union, but she said nothing happened.

After working as an elementary teacher for over 20 years, she recently took medical leave due to stress.

« I absolutely feel like I failed, » she said. « I’m still beating myself up about the fact that I couldn’t cope. »

The Sunday Edition has agreed not to name the teacher, who fears being identified could affect her employment.

Root of violence complex

Educators say incidents of verbal and physical violence by students targeting staff and fellow classmates are leaving them exhausted — and they’re calling on governments and school boards to provide more support.

Sherri Brown, director of research and professional learning at the Canadian Teachers’ Federation (CTF), describes the current state as an « escalating crisis. »

Last year, the national organization compiled the results of a survey conducted for the Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario (ETFO). The online survey, which polled its 81,000 members, found that 70 per cent of Ontario elementary teachers reported experiencing or witnessing violence during the 2016-17 school year.

Verbal threats, physical assault and incidents involving weapons were among the most frequently reported, according to Brown.

These were the results of an online survey conducted for the Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario in relation to the 2016-17 school year. (Ben Shannon/CBC)

But it’s difficult to pinpoint why young children act out against their teachers, said Judith Weiner, a psychology professor at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto.

Elementary students, in particular, struggle with « emotion regulation » and may be « modeling » behaviour learned at home.

« They hear parents issuing verbal threats at each other, » she said. « That’s a very big part of what the kid has learned of how to deal with issues when someone doesn’t do what you want. »

As for physical violence, Weiner explained, younger children are more likely to display this kind of aggression because of how socialization works.

Children have challenges and complexities, and the system is just starved.– Sherri Brown, Canadian Teachers’ Federation

« Kids just don’t know how to problem-solve in any type of conflict situation, » she said. « As kids get older, they know not to use their fists. They realize that is going to have bigger consequences. »

While CTF’s review of its survey did not identify a root cause, Brown said a child’s socio-economic background, mental health and special needs all possess « escalation potential » for violence.

« Children’s disabilities manifest in behaviours when they don’t have access to proper supports and services, » said Brown.

Larger class sizes have also « exacerbated » the potential for violence, she said.

« It’s not about children somehow being in the wrong. Children have challenges and complexities, and the system is just starved, » Brown said.

Last spring, Ontario’s former Liberal government released the Workplace Violence in School Boards: A Guide to the Law to help schools develop workplace violence policies. At the time, the province also pledged to fund an online reporting tool to simplify the process. The Sunday Edition reached out to Ontario’s ministries of education and labour regarding the status of these measures, but did not receive a response.

Reluctance to report violence

Educators are also reluctant to report incidents of violence by students for « fear of repercussions, » Brown said.

Results from ETFO’s members showed only 22 per cent of teachers said they would report cases of verbal or physical violence, and less than a quarter said steps were taken to prevent future incidents.

« Many feel reporting isn’t going to garner new supports or services, so why would they report it? » Brown said.

The Toronto District School Board declined an interview with The Sunday Edition, but said in an email statement « when incidents happen, the principal investigates and then works with staff, students and/or their families to address the issue.

« As each case is unique, there is no one solution. However, any act of violence can and does result in discipline, which can include suspension, » said TDSB spokesperson Ryan Bird.

« Depending on the circumstances, additional supports can also be offered to help support the students and/or classroom. »

I am not a trained psychologist. I am not a trained social worker. But I am expected to provide these roles for these students every day.– Kindergarten teacher

But a kindergarten teacher, who The Sunday Edition has also agreed not to name, decried « a shortage of support. »

She said she is « kicked, punched, slapped, hit with objects, thrown chairs at, spat at, sworn at » on a daily basis.

Behavioural consultants at the school have suggested calming corners, dimmed lighting and meditation, she claimed, but did little to calm an angry child.

« The list is really endless of what I’m trying and it’s very sad not to be able to have an answer or a strategy that’s working. »

« I am not a trained psychologist. I am not a trained social worker. But I am expected to provide these roles for these students every day. »

Verbal threats, physical assault and incidents involving weapons were among the most frequently reported incidents of verbal and physical violence, according to the Canadian Teachers’ Federation. (Ben Shannon/CBC)

The teacher recalled an incident when a seven-year-old boy was hitting other students with a shovel in the schoolyard.

When she intervened, he « hit me with a shovel on my right leg, repeatedly, over and over again, while he swore at me, » she said.

The teacher called for help from staff, but in the meantime, stood motionless in the hopes the boy wouldn’t turn his attention back to the students.

She filed the required reports, but nothing happened, she said.

The kindergarten teacher recently took an extended leave, though she’s now back in the classroom.

« I don’t want to be forced out of my profession and my love of my job because of a lack of support. »

David Mastin, ETFO’s Durham local president, says his region is losing teachers within their first five years on the job.

« We have so many of our members off on long-term disability because of the anguish and mental strain that is part of their jobs, » he said.

Teachers, unions leery of training

Some Ontario schools and boards are encouraging educators to take Nonviolent Crisis Intervention training, a de-escalation program, run by the Milwaukee-based Crisis Prevention Institute. The training can range from a one-day classroom seminar to four days to become certified to teach it.

Trainees learn how to calm a child in the midst of a crisis by detecting signs of anxiety and anger, and how to respond to a physical altercation, including how to safely hold a child. 

« I really don’t believe half a day or a day is enough, » said Terri-Lynn Platt, health and safety coordinator with the Elementary Teachers of Toronto. « It can become very violent, very quickly. »

The training stresses that physical intervention should only be used if the child is in « imminent danger, » Platt said. Regardless of that caveat, teachers and unions remain leery of the program.

Platt argued that whoever takes the training ends up becoming the school’s defacto crisis person.

« I will tell teachers it is wise not to have that training. »

Chris Broadbent, a former health and safety manager at the Toronto District School Board who is part of the province’s Working Group on Health and Safety, stressed that in the case of a violent incident, teachers can always « summon immediate assistance, » whether it be from principals, educational assistants or other staff.

« There’s no doubt that there are issues in our province and some of our schools. But to paint the situation that this is happening every day in a majority of our schools in the province is probably not accurate. »

I felt helpless not being able to reach out and wrap my arms around these kids and say, ‘We’re going to have a good day.’– Grade 2 teacher

Broadbent said where the safety of a child is in danger, teachers are required to intervene just as a judicious parent would.

« The Education Act is pretty clear about the expectations of a teacher, » he said.

« I understand … the hesitation … because there have been situations in the province where a teacher is seen to have violated that expectation and is sent home pending an investigation. »

« But, if they have followed [training], then there should be no further consequences. »

Students are ‘the victims’

For the Grade 2 teacher, the last straw came when her vice-principal gave her a package that included a protective jacket, with padding in the chest and shoulders.

« As I opened it up, I’m looking at it, going, what the hell is this? »

Personal protective equipment can include Kevlar jackets, neck, shin and wrist guards, helmets and spit guards.

« Nowhere in my teaching career did I ever expect to have to put one of these on in a classroom, » she said.

She went on medical leave shortly after.

But wants to make it clear that despite the physical and emotional duress she has endured, she worries most about the students — those who act out, and others in the classroom.

« I felt helpless. I felt helpless not being able to reach out and wrap my arms around these kids and say, ‘We’re going to have a good day; we’re going to learn; we’re going to have fun; we’re going to feel safe; it’s going to be OK, » she said.

« They are the victims. »

The Sunday Edition wants to hear your thoughts and experiences about violence in the classroom. Send us a message here.

‘Hard Lessons’ is produced by The Sunday Edition’s Alisa Siegel. Story written by Jonathan Ore and Amara McLaughlin.

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Anglais

Nostalgia and much more with Starburst XXXtreme

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Get a taste of adventure with Starburst XXXtreme based on the legendary NetEnt Game. The nostalgic themes are sure to capture fans of the classic version as they get treated to higher intensity, better visuals, and features. The most significant element of the game is its volatility. Patience will not be an essential virtue considering the insane gameplay, and there is a lot of win potential involved. It retains the original makeup of the previous game while adding a healthy dose of adrenaline. 

Starburst Visuals and Symbols

The game is definitely more conspicuous than before. The setting happens over a 5-reel, 3-row game grid with nine fixed win lines, which function if a succession from the left to the right reel is present. Only those players that that attain the highest win per bet line are paid. From a visual standpoint, the Starburst XXXtreme slots illustrates lightning effects behind the reels, which is not surprising as it is inherited from the original version. Available themes include Classic, Jewels, and Space. The game is also available in both desktop and mobile versions, which is advantageous for players considering the global pandemic. According to Techguide, American gamers are increasingly having more engaging gaming experiences to socialize to fill the gap of in-person interaction. Starburst XXXtreme allows them to fill the social void at a time when there is so much time to be had indoors. 

Starburst XXXTreme Features

Players get to alternate on three features which are Starburst Wilds, XXXtreme Spins, and Random Wilds. The first appears on reels 2,3, or 4. When these land, they expand to cover all positions while also calculating the wins. They are also locked for a respin. If a new one hits, it also becomes locked while awarding another respin. Starburst XXXtreme offers a choice between two scenarios for a higher stake. In one scenario with a ten times stake, the Starburst Wild is set on random on reels 2,3, or 4, and a multiplier starts the respin. The second scenario, which has a 95 times stake, starts with two guaranteed starburst wilds on reels 2,3, or 4. it also plays out using respin game sequence and features. The game also increases the potential with the Random Wilds feature to add Starburst Wilds to a vacant reel at the end of a spin. Every Starburst Wild gives a random multiplier with potential wins of x2, x3, x5, x10, x25, x50, x100, or even x150.

The new feature is sure to be a big hit with the gaming market as online gambling has shown significant growth during the lockdown. AdAge indicates the current casino customer base is an estimated one in five Americans, so Starburst XXXtreme’s additional features will achieve considerable popularity. 

What We Think About The Game

The gambling market has continued to diversify post-pandemic, so it is one of the most opportune times to release an online casino-based game. Thankfully Starburst XXXtreme features eye-catching visuals, including the jewels and space themes. These attract audience participation and make the gameplay inviting. The game also has a nostalgic edge. The previous NetEnt iteration featured similar visuals and gameplay, so the audience has some familiarity with it. The producers have revamped this version by tweaking the features to improve the volatility and engagement. 

That is characterized by the potential win cap of 200,000 times the bet. Starburst XXXtreme does not just give betting alternatives for players that want to go big. The increase of multipliers also provides a great experience. If the respins in the previous version were great, knowing that multipliers can go hundreds of times overtakes the game to a new level. 

Players should get excited about this offering. All of the features can be triggered within a single spin. Whether one plays the standard game or takes the XXXtreme spin route, it is possible to activate all of the features. Of course, the potential 200,000 times potential is a huge carrot. However, the bet size is probably going to be restricted and vary depending on the casino. It is also worth pointing out that a malfunction during the gameplay will void all of the payouts and progress. Overall, the game itself has been designed to provide a capped win of 200,000 times the original bet. 

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Anglais

‘We’re back’: Montreal festival promoters happy to return but looking to next year

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In downtown Montreal, it’s festival season.

In the city’s entertainment district, a musical act was conducting a sound check on stage Friday evening — the second day of the French-language version of the renowned Just For Laughs comedy festival. Tickets for many of the festival’s free outdoor shows — limited by COVID-19 regulations — were sold out.

Two blocks away, more than 100 people were watching an acoustic performance by the Isaac Neto Trio — part of the last weekend of the Festival International Nuits d’Afrique, a celebration of music from the African continent and the African diaspora.

With COVID-19 restrictions continuing to limit capacity, festival organizers say they’re glad to be back but looking forward to next year when they hope border restrictions and capacity limits won’t affect their plans.

Charles Décarie, Just For Laughs’ CEO and president, said this is a “transition year.”

“Even though we have major constraints from the public health group in Montreal, we’ve managed to design a festival that can navigate through those constraints,” Décarie said.

The French-language Juste pour rire festival began on July 15 and is followed by the English-language festival until July 31.

When planning began in February and March, Décarie said, organizers came up with a variety of scenarios for different crowd sizes, ranging from no spectators to 50 per cent of usual capacity.

“You’ve got to build scenarios,” he said. “You do have to plan a little bit more than usual because you have to have alternatives.”

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Anglais

MELS new major movie studio to be built in Montreal

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MONTREAL — MELS Studios will build a new film studio in Montreal, filling some of the gap in supply to meet the demand of Hollywood productions.

MELS president Martin Carrier said on Friday that MELS 4 studio construction will begin « as soon as possible », either in the fall or winter of next year. The studio could host productions as early as spring 2023.

The total investment for the project is $76 million, with the Quebec government contributing a $25 million loan. The project will create 110 jobs, according to the company.

The TVA Group subsidiary’s project will enable it to stand out « even more » internationally, according to Quebecor president and CEO Pierre Karl Péladeau. In the past, MELS Studios has hosted several major productions, including chapters of the X-Men franchise. The next Transformers movie is shooting this summer in Montreal.

Péladeau insisted that local cultural productions would also benefit from the new facility, adding that the studio ensures foreign revenues and to showcase talent and maintain an industry of Quebec producers.

STUDIO SHORTAGE

The film industry is cramped in Montreal.

According to a report published last May by the Bureau du cinéma et de la télévision du Québec (BCTQ), there is a shortage of nearly 400,000 square feet of studio space.

With the addition of MELS 4, which will be 160,000 square feet, the company is filling part of the gap.

Carrier admitted that he has had to turn down contracts because of the lack of space, representing missed opportunities of « tens of millions of dollars, not only for MELS, but also for the Quebec economy. »

« Montreal’s expertise is in high demand, » said Montreal Mayor Valérie Plante, who was present at the announcement.

She said she received great testimonials from « Netflix, Disney, HBO and company » during an economic mission to Los Angeles in 2019.

« What stands out is that they love Montreal because of its expertise, knowledge and beauty. We need more space, like MELS 4, » she said.

There is still not enough capacity in Quebec, acknowledged Minister of Finance, the Economy and Innovation Eric Girard.

« It is certain that the government is concerned about fairness and balance, so if other requests come in, we will study them with the same seriousness as we have studied this one, » he said.

Grandé Studios is the second-largest player in the industry. Last May, the company said it had expansion plans that should begin in 2022. Investissement Québec and Bell are minority shareholders in the company.

For its part, MELS will have 400,000 square feet of production space once MELS 4 is completed. The company employs 450 people in Quebec and offers a range of services including studio and equipment rentals, image and sound postproduction, visual effects and a virtual production platform.

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