Les municipalités ont besoin d’aide pour faire face aux changements climatiques

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« Mieux vaut prendre le changement par la main avant qu’il ne nous prenne par la gorge. »

(Winston Churchill)

Comme le disait ce célèbre premier ministre britannique, mieux vaut être proactif et anticiper les choses avant qu’elles ne nous sautent en plein visage. Cette philosophie s’applique très bien aux changements climatiques auxquels le Québec, et particulièrement les communautés côtières, est confronté. Les changements climatiques et la montée du niveau de la mer, combinés à l’érosion des berges, font en sorte que le visage du Québec maritime change à la vitesse grand V. Si rien n’est fait à court terme, ces changements seront irréversibles.

Ce sont des milliers, voire des millions de personnes qui verront leur environnement direct se transformer. Certains devront même se résigner à quitter leur milieu de vie si paisible et beau. Imaginez un instant le petit archipel des îles de la Madeleine, en plein coeur du golfe du Saint-Laurent, laissé à lui-même contre tous ces phénomènes naturels. Sera-t-il encore possible d’y vivre ou d’y venir en vacances dans 50 ans ? Si le Québec a une réputation mondiale pour la qualité de son environnement, ses vastes territoires et ses paysages exceptionnels, il faudra une réelle prise de conscience collective et intervenir de façon ordonnée et durable afin de préserver ces espaces.

Qu’il soit question de la Côte-Nord, de la Gaspésie, du Bas-Saint-Laurent ou des Îles-de-la-Madeleine, le gouvernement du Québec doit mettre en place un groupe de travail permanent, doté de ressources techniques et financières, afin d’accompagner nos municipalités aux prises avec ces imposants défis. L’enveloppe actuelle de 45 millions de dollars pour tout le Québec est nettement insuffisante. Il faut plus de sérieux et plus de vision si nous souhaitons laisser aux générations futures un Québec aussi riche et vaste que celui que nous connaissons aujourd’hui. Le gouvernement doit prendre au sérieux la situation et prendre les changements climatiques « par la main avant qu’ils ne nous prennent par la gorge ». Plus nous allons attendre, plus la facture sera salée et plus ces changements seront irréversibles. Si les dernières années ont permis de mieux documenter tous ces changements climatiques, il est maintenant temps d’agir, et ce, de façon concertée entre les chercheurs, les communautés, les partenaires et les deux gouvernements.

La tempête qui a fait rage aux îles de la Madeleine le 29 novembre 2018 a démontré toute la force de la nature et des impacts qu’elle a — et aura — sur des territoires côtiers comme le nôtre. En une seule nuit, des portions entières de dunes, de haltes routières et d’infrastructures de toutes sortes ont disparu à la mer. Durant cette nuit, le recul du trait de côte prévu dans les différents modèles prévisionnels disponibles à ce jour a été celui équivalent à plusieurs tempêtes successives, étalées sur plusieurs années. Entre 2004 et 2016, nous avons enregistré un taux moyen de recul de 50 cm par an. Entre 2016 et 2017, nous avons enregistré un taux moyen de 60 cm. Ce sont des millions de dollars en infrastructures qui seront ainsi perdus.

Il est grand temps d’agir et ainsi d’entendre les messages de Dame Nature avant qu’elle ne nous saisisse par la gorge !

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NDP leader Jagmeet Singh, fellow B.C. byelection candidates face fiery debate

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NDP leader Jagmeet Singh was one of a number of candidates in the riding of Burnaby South who took heat at a fiery debate that happened as part of a federal byelection campaign on Wednesday night.

The debate included four candidates: Singh, the Liberals’ Richard Lee, the Conservatives’ Jay Shin, and the People’s Party of Canada’s Laura-Lynn Tyler Thompson.

WATCH: Jan. 19 — Races heating up in key byelections in B.C.






As the debate began, a protester wearing a jacket that displayed the logo of the American Indian Movement started yelling toward the stage, directing his anger at Singh, though he also had harsh words for parties beside the NDP.

“The last part of your land, you guys want to take it for oil? You don’t have consent,” the protester said.

Singh responded, but the protester spoke up again: “yeah, why are you supporting LNG then?”

READ MORE: Campaigns hit high gear in Burnaby South, where NDP leader seeks a seat

Singh has publicly taken B.C.’s side when it comes to the expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline — he’s 100 per cent opposed, he said in May.

He later said the federal government should abandon the expansion altogether.

The NDP leader said he would be happy to chat with the protester after the debate, but he wasn’t interested.

“We don’t want you elected if you’re supporting pipelines,” the protester said.

“We don’t want any NDP elected, and then we’ll deal with the Conservatives and the Liberals next year, when you try to bring in the army, when you try to bring in the RCMP against our people.

“We’re used to the white Europeans taking our land, now we’ve got coloured people, coloured people coming here, saying we want your land too,” he went on to say.

“Who’s being racist now? There’s your debate, eh.”

The debate was hosted by the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, an organization that believes a “strong CBC, fearless journalism, and our shared story make us who we are.”

The focus of the debate was expected to be the future of Canadian media in the age of Facebook.

However, other topics soon took over — and a battle over signs erupted on the sidelines.

Conservative candidate Jay Shin talked about the federal Liberals’ promise to balance the federal budget by 2019: “that hasn’t happened.”

Thompson talked about how she had been banned from Facebook three times.

Thompson has drawn controversy for her opposition to SOGI 123 — a curriculum focused on sexual orientation and gender identity within B.C.’s school system.

WATCH: Jan. 13 — Byelection campaign in Burnaby South ramps up






In the past, she has said that it teaches “gender-fluid ideology to all children in British Columbia.”

Of being banned from Facebook, she said, “I wear it as a badge of honour, because it means I was speaking truth.

“Speaking truth has become an act of courage and it ought not to be that way in Canada.”

Thompson drew raucous cheers and applause from supporters who carried large campaign signs to the debate.

They could be heard chanting, “Laura! Laura! Laura!”

READ MORE: ANALYSIS — With the NDP focused on B.C., Jagmeet Singh may lose a crucial beachhead in Quebec

However, one issue related to broadcasting and media did generate discussion among the candidates — “fake news.”

Asked whether any of the candidates had been victimized by fake news in the past, both Singh and Thompson said yes, they had.

Singh said an ad circulated recently that suggested he and his wife lived in a $5.5-million mansion.

“And my wife is like, if that’s the mansion we live in, why don’t you take me there?” he said, drawing laughs from the audience.

Thompson, meanwhile, said reporting had emerged that suggested she had once stood alongside an organization that, she claimed, she had never heard of.

“That’s fake news,” she said.

  • With files from Richard Zussman

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Le désarroi face au projet Royalmount

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Lettre en réponse à l’éditorial de Marie-Andrée Chouinard sur le Projet Royalmount

Chère Madame Chouinard,

Merci, merci, merci de dire tout haut et avec force et détermination ce que beaucoup de nous, simples Montréalais, pensent tout bas. Notre sentiment d’impuissance devant ce projet dans notre chère ville n’a d’égal que notre désarroi à le voir se réaliser envers et contre tous. Il est grand temps que nos grandes dames de la politique, soit Mme Plante et Mme Rouleau, se mobilisent pour empêcher ce désastre environnemental dont nos enfants et petits-enfants hériteront malgré eux dans une ère qui devrait être celle du changement et de l’innovation.

 

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Puppy from Iran that had acid thrown on face to have surgery in Vancouver

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On a chilly January afternoon, Mugsy zipped across a green lawn like a whitish-brown arrow playing catch.

Her owner, Sam Taylor, a resident of Burnaby, B.C., threw a brown, stuffed hedgehog and the seven-month-old pup chased it, tail wagging, just like any other dog would.

But Mugsy is not like any other dog.

« She looks like Voldemort but has the heart of Harry Potter and his friends, » said Taylor with a laugh, as she cuddled the pup.

On Feb. 12, Mugsy will undergo the third surgery of her life to repair damage from acid that was thrown on her.

Dog to undergo surgery

This surgery, to take place in Vancouver, will create nostril openings and use the tip of her ear to replace the melted bone and skin on the top of her nose, Taylor said.

The dog will be temporarily blind as the ear is folded over her face and attached over her nose so a blood supply forms from the ear onto the nose, she said, adding that the ear acts as a graft.

The next surgery will attach stents in place of nostrils and unfold the ear, she said.

The two surgeries are expected to cost up to $7,000.

« It’s no guarantee but (the doctor) seemed optimistic, » Taylor said, smoothing the dog’s left ear, which will be used to create the bridge of her nose.

Mugsy, a rescue dog from Iran, had a man douse her with a corrosive cleaner when she was around six weeks old. The attack burned much of her face and caused her to loose a eye, most of a ear and her nose. (Jonathan Hayward/The Canadian Press)

Mugsy was born in Iran, and when she was 40 days old somebody threw acidic cleaner on her face as she played outside. Most of the pup’s face was melted — including her lip, right eye and right ear.

Although her Iranian family loved her, they could not afford all the treatment that Mugsy would need, so they decided to put her down.

But at veterinarian’s office in Iran, a volunteer from Persian Paws Rescue and Loved At Last Dog Rescue intervened.

She also offered to pay for the Maltese-Japanese spitz mix’s eye removal, which was causing the pup the most pain.

The volunteer was worried about an infection in the dog’s nasal cavity and decided that the best chance for her survival would be if she was adopted by someone in North America who could afford the care, Taylor said.

‘I really want to help this dog’

Last fall, Taylor, who works as a lab assistant at a hospital in downtown Vancouver, was browsing Loved At Last Dog Rescue, which finds homes for local and international stray dogs.

She was looking to make a donation on the site when she saw a blurred-out image that read, « graphic injury. »

« I thought it can’t be that bad, » she said.

She clicked.

« It was very, very graphic. I read her story and just and felt, ‘Oh I really want to help this dog. »‘

Mugsy was flown from Iran to Canada and now lives in Burnaby with Sam Taylor, who adopted her. (Jonathan Hayward/The Canadian Press)

She thought it over for about an hour — just a donation wouldn’t help because the dog needed surgery not available in Tehran — and then asked her roommate, who agreed to having a dog in the house.

« And I showed her a picture, and she said, ‘Whoa, OK. »‘

After filling out an application in late October, Taylor waited for about two months for Mugsy. A family visiting Vancouver brought Mugsy over with them, she said, noting that they had brought over other dogs before.

When Mugsy arrived she was very scared, Taylor said. She barked and howled and didn’t come out of her travelling kennel for about an hour.

And even after she came out, she didn’t eat or drink much.

‘She’s very spoiled’

« But now she’s very spoiled, » Taylor said, holding Mugsy close. « She gets squash and brown rice and sweet potato in her food. She’s pretty well-loved. »

Mugsy was called Hapoochi in Iran, which means tiny puppy, but Taylor said she wasn’t pronouncing the name right so her roommate came up with the name Mugsy.

« She does have the mug for it, » she said, with a chuckle.

Asked why she adopted a dog from another country when there a lot of dogs in Canada that need help, Taylor said it is « incidental » that Mugsy is from Iran.

Once she saw Mugsy on the website, she said she couldn’t stop thinking about her.

« I don’t think animals have boundaries and borders. They don’t have a nationality, » Taylor said. « I can understand if people think it’s a bit corny. »

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Mother and uncle of Jassi Sidhu extradited to India to face honour killing charges: reports

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Two Canadian citizens accused of arranging the murder of a Maple Ridge woman in India 18 years ago have been extradited to that country to face trial, according to media reports.

Jaswinder (Jassi) Kaur Sidhu, 25, was kidnapped and murdered in the Punjab in 2000, allegedly for defying her family and marrying a poor rickshaw driver in secret.

Her mother, Malkit Kaur Sidhu, and uncle Surjit Singh Badesha, were accused of masterminding the so-called honour killing and hiring hit men to carry it out.

Jassi’s husband, Sukhwinder (Mithu) Singh Sidhu, was attacked with swords but survived.

Sidhu and Badesha were nearly extradited in 2017, but a last-minute court ruling kept them in Canada for a further hearing.


READ MORE:
Extradition halted for pair accused of arranging Jassi Sidhu’s honour killing

The pair’s lawyer had argued that they would face torture if extradited to India, but last month, the B.C. Court of Appeal denied an application for a stay of proceedings.

On Thursday morning local time (Wednesday night PT), the pair were escorted to India by RCMP and were taken into custody by Punjab police, according to the Hindustan Times and Babushai.com.

Global News has not been able to independently confirm the extradition with Global Affairs Canada, Punjab police or the RCMP.

WATCH: Extradition halted for pair accused of arranging honour killing






They will face charges of conspiracy to commit murder, however, no trial date has been set.

Jassi’s story dates back to 1994, when she travelled to India with her family and fell in love with Mithu. The pair stayed in touch, and wrote letters to one another in the years that followed.

She travelled to India in 1999 and the pair were secretly married.

That same year, her uncle began attempting to arrange her marriage to a wealthy businessman who was 60 years old.


READ MORE:
A timeline of Jassi Sidhu’s life and death

Jassi’s family discovered the secret marriage, and the following year she signed a notarized document saying she was coerced into the wedding.

However later in 2000, after telling RCMP officers her family was threatening her over the marriage, she flew to India where she told police that she had been forced to disavow the marriage.

On June 8, 2000, Mithu was allegedly warned by Jassi’s mother that she will make him disappear. The young couple was attacked by a group of armed men while riding a scooter later that day.

Jassi was kidnapped.

Her body was found with her throat slit the following day, and police alleged that her mother gave the execution order by phone from Canada.

Seven men, the alleged assassins in the brutal killing, were convicted in 2005.

-With files from Rumina Daya and the Canadian Press

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Toli Moli Is the Bodega Stocking Condoms, Face Masks, and a Fragrant Bowl of Catfish Curry | Healthyish

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Simone Jacobson and her mom, Jocelyn Law-Yone, have always had plenty of “get rich slow” schemes. After Jacobson’s first trip to Law-Yone’s homeland, Burma, they came up with one more: Why not open a shop dedicated to falooda, a parfait-like dessert, layered with basil seeds, ice cream, and flavored gelatin?

In 2016, along with Jacobson’s OKCupid-date-turned-friend Eric Wang, they launched Toli Moli, a pop-up cafe specializing in a gourmet take on the treat. The venture has since evolved into a “Burmese bodega” inside DC’s Union Market food hall, selling all sorts of Asian foods and serving as a community hub with cooking classes and diversity-minded books. Toli Moli is among a crop of new-school convenience stores across the country that cater to a generation of globally minded, gourmand shoppers, stocking ramp vinegar and vegan cracklins alongside Tylenol and tampons.

Law-Yone, a former English and art history teacher, is the chef. Wang, a former government contractor, is the manager. And Jacobson runs behind-the-scenes tasks, from payroll to marketing, on top of a number of other gigs: operating a hip-hop non-profit called Words Beats & Life, organizing festivals and cultural events for the Smithsonian, and teaching yoga in prisons and libraries. The market, like Jacobson, is pure “toli moli”: “a little of this, a little that.” Here’s what you’ll find:

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Naturopaths still making ‘unacceptable’ number of dubious claims face minimum $500 fines

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B.C.’s naturopathic college is promising immediate action against practitioners who make false claims and spread anti-vaccination disinformation after finding an « unacceptable » number of violations of its policies.

The regulator says it’s giving every naturopath in the province until Monday to make sure all public materials comply with college advertising policy and other  bylaws. After that, everyone who is found to be in violation will be referred immediately to the college’s inquiry committee for investigation and discipline.

« At minimum, it is expected that the inquiry committee will seek fines of $500 per infraction in addition to other sanctions, » the College of Naturopathic Physicians of B.C. says in a notice posted on its website.

Naturopaths who continue to break the rules are putting self-regulation of their profession at risk, according to the college.

The enforcement drive follows CBC reporting last year on three naturopaths who have offered a homeopathic treatment for autistic children called CEASE therapy — « complete elimination of autism spectrum expression. »

In response, the college banned the treatment in May, saying the name alone implied « inaccurate » and « unverifiable » claims. College registrar Howard Greenstein also asked all B.C. naturopaths to immediately review their websites and social media for violations of advertising policies and rules for discussing immunization.

‘College staff continue to find advertising infractions’

Since then, the college says many naturopaths have complied and brought themselves in line with provincial law.

« Unfortunately — and with unacceptable frequency — college staff continue to find advertising infractions, » the college says in its enforcement notice.

Those violations include advertising services that naturopaths are not certified to provide, false claims about the effects of treatment and claims of specialization. College policy also forbids naturopaths from including patient testimonials on their websites and advising against immunization without a sound, documented medical rationale specific to the patient.

College policy forbids naturopaths from spreading anti-vaccination materials. ( Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)

The college says it’s up to each naturopath to review all its marketing and social media and ignorance is not an acceptable excuse from breaking the rules.

« These registrants are placing self-regulation, a privilege that gives naturopathic physicians direct involvement in how the profession is regulated, at risk, » the notice says.

« When naturopathic services are misrepresented and/or professional and ethical standards are disregarded, strong regulatory sanctions are required, if the profession is to maintain self-regulation. »

The enforcement drive follows similar action from the B.C. College of Chiropractors, which began a crackdown on misleading claims late last year.

Fifty chiropractors in this province refused to remove unproven claims from their advertising and websites about treating everything from autism to cancer and were referred to the college’s inquiry committee for investigation and possible discipline.

Meanwhile, one of the naturopaths who was under investigation for providing CEASE therapy has surrendered her registration. Victoria’s Anke Zimmermann gave up her licence in November, pledging to continue working as a homeopath and advising parents against vaccination.

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Canadians held in China face up to 4 hours a day of interrogation, ambassador says

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Two Canadian men detained in China face up to four hours of questioning each day and have no access to a lawyer, according to Canada’s top diplomat in Beijing.

Michael Kovrig and Michael Spavor were both detained in China late last year. The men, who were arrested not long after Canada arrested Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou at the request of the U.S., stand accused of national security offences.

« It’s not a fixed number, but on the order of four hours a day, » Ambassador John McCallum said Wednesday of the interrogations. « This could go on for up to six months under the Chinese system. It’s what they call an extra-judicial system so those are the conditions under which they are detained. »

McCallum provided the update on the conditions of Kovrig, a former diplomat, and Spavor, a businessman, after taking part in a special panel at a Liberal cabinet retreat in Sherbrooke, Que. 

McCallum said he has visited both men and spoken with their families, and has also visited Robert Schellenberg, a Canadian man who was recently sentenced to death in China for drug smuggling.

The ambassador said he is scheduled to speak with Schellenberg’s father Thursday.

McCallum said the government is taking steps on « many fronts » to garner support from world leaders and foreign ministers, but that’s « just the beginning. » He said business leaders and the media must also act to increase pressure on Beijing.

« I think we have to engage the senior Chinese leadership and persuade them that what they’re doing is not good for China’s image in the world, it’s not good for the image of corporate China in the world, and I think we have to always work with our U.S. allies, » he said.

Michael Spavor and Michael Kovrig are both being detained in China with limited consular access. (Associated Press/International Crisis Group/Canadian Press)

McCallum said the detainees only have consular access once per month.

Asked if it’s time for Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to make direct contact with Chinese President Xi Jinping, McCallum said: « I think the time will come when it’s most appropriate. »

It’s not clear when McCallum paid a visit to Schellenberg, who is now on death row after being convicted of smuggling 222 kilograms of methamphetamines. Schellenberg had appealed his 15-year prison sentence, but a court deemed that punishment too light at a retrial and ordered the death penalty.

As tensions between the countries increase, Canada issued an updated travel advisory for China, warning its citizens about the risk of arbitrary enforcement of laws in the country. 

Canadian Robert Schellenberg has been sentenced to death for drug smuggling in China. (CCTV via Associated Press)

China issued its own travel warning just hours later, citing the « arbitrary detention » of a Chinese national in Canada at the request of a « third-party country. »

Appeal for clemency

Earlier this week, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said the government had reached out to China’s ambassador to Canada requesting clemency.

« Canada’s position when it comes to the death penalty is consistent and of very long-standing, » she said. « As Canadians know, we do not have the death penalty in Canada. We believe it is inhumane and inappropriate, and wherever the death penalty is considered with regard to a Canadian we speak out against it. »

The latest escalation in diplomatic tensions is just one of the issues on the table for cabinet ministers at the three-day retreat that continues through Friday.

Canada’s ambassador to the U.S., David MacNaughton, said leaders in the U.S. have been supportive of Canada’s position so far.

« I hope they continue to back Canada in this particular dispute, » MacNaughton said.

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Notre responsabilité face à la misère du monde

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L’avenir des sociétés occidentales serait-il en train de se jouer autour du débat très polarisant sur l’immigration ? Si cette question se pose, c’est parce que nombreux sont les citoyens occidentaux qui se demandent si le flux migratoire ne constitue pas une menace pour la civilisation occidentale. De même, certains intellectuels et hommes politiques estiment que l’immigration massive a un effet de déstabilisation politique et sociale ; en témoigne l’insécurité culturelle que vivent les Occidentaux de souche et la peur exprimée de se retrouver dans quelques années en situation de minorité.

Mais il est une autre voix plus confiante. C’est celle qui, partant d’une compréhension dynamique de la culture et de la primauté de la solidarité humaine sur les considérations civilisationnelles, veut relever les nouveaux défis institutionnels et sociaux que pose aux démocraties libérales l’immigration massive. C’est tout le sens des travaux d’auteurs aussi différents qu’Hervé Le Bras, Alain Renaut, Pierre Rosanvallon, Pierre Manent, Charles Taylor, Will Kymlicka, Jürgen Habermas, et bien d’autres.

Mais par-delà la question de savoir si l’immigration massive annoncerait le crépuscule de la civilisation occidentale, il serait intéressant de savoir si les démocraties libérales ont une part de responsabilité dans la misère du monde ? Si oui, est-ce qu’une telle responsabilité ne devrait pas nous obliger à poser la question de la migration massive non pas seulement en termes de destin civilisationnel, mais aussi en termes de justice réparatrice.

La misère du monde

Si « la misère du monde » frappe à nos portes, c’est à cause de la pauvreté. Sans aucun doute, les démocraties libérales ont réussi ce que la grande majorité des pays n’ont pas réussi à faire, à savoir favoriser l’émergence d’une culture politique qui répond aux besoins élémentaires de la vie humaine.

Qu’est-ce qui explique dans les pays pauvres l’absence d’une culture politique favorable à l’épanouissement de la vie humaine ? Il faut saisir la conjonction entre trois dimensions : l’incapacité de l’État dans les pays pauvres, imputable en grande partie aux cultures endogènes et aux manières de gouverner que celles-ci encouragent ; la logique de contrôle et de domination qui guide la politique étrangère des démocraties libérales, logique qui profite largement aux multinationales occidentales comme le révèlent les travaux d’Alain Denault et des philosophes comme Thomas Pogge ; le caractère non contraignant du système international et son incapacité à contrer les injustices qui ont lieu au niveau des relations bilatérales. Comprendre les causes de la pauvreté, c’est tout d’abord considérer pour elle-même la logique inhérente à chaque dimension, et ensuite saisir de quelle manière l’interaction entre ces trois dimensions contribue à élargir les injustices auxquelles sont confrontées les populations des pays pauvres.

Suivant cette perspective, l’on pourrait établir que, si la pauvreté est imputable en grande partie aux dynamiques sociales et politiques propres aux pays pauvres, les pays riches, principalement les démocraties libérales, ont une part de responsabilité dans la misère du monde. Or, si l’analyse des relations bilatérales entre pays riches et pays pauvres démontre que les premiers contribuent à la pauvreté des seconds, la question se poserait de savoir si accueillir la « misère du monde » ne pourrait être en quelque sorte une forme de justice réparatrice.

La question restera entière de savoir toutefois, si c’est la manière la plus appropriée pour réparer les injustices perpétrées à l’extérieur de nos frontières. Dans tous les cas, la responsabilité causale des démocraties libérales (surtout des grandes puissances) dans le phénomène de l’immigration massive mérite d’être étudiée. Une telle interrogation n’a pas pour objectif de régler la question de la pauvreté par l’ouverture de nos frontières. Elle invite simplement à une forme de cohérence morale, qui consiste, si on ne veut pas accueillir la misère du monde, à ne pas contribuer à sa genèse et à son maintien au travers de notre politique étrangère. Il me semble que, dans l’état actuel du monde, une politique nationale d’immigration devrait inclure une vaste réflexion normative sur la nature des rapports politiques et économiques entre les pays riches et les pauvres nécessaires à la lutte contre la pauvreté mondiale.

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Trudeau reste inflexible face à la grogne sur son plan de tarification du carbone

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Le premier ministre fédéral, Justin Trudeau, s’est montré inflexible vendredi devant la contestation grandissante suscitée par son plan de tarification du carbone. « La pollution ne devrait pas se faire sans frais, partout au Canada », a-t-il déclaré, à l’ouverture d’une rencontre avec ses homologues provinciaux à Montréal vendredi. Le ton était donné.

Des premiers ministres provinciaux, dont l’Ontarien Doug Ford, ont pris pour cible la taxe sur le carbone » fabriquée par l’équipe de M. Trudeau, persuadés qu’elle freinera l’économie canadienne. Ils se sont mis en ordre de bataille dès leur arrivée dans la métropole québécoise.

Des premiers ministres ont profité de l’occasion pour déclencher une nouvelle offensive pour relancer des projets de pipeline, à l’Ouest et à l’Est.

Le premier ministre du Nouveau-Brunswick, Blaine Higgs, a tenté de convaincre son homologue québécois, François Legault, d’appuyer la remise en marche de l’oléoduc Énergie Est, mais sans succès. « Il m’en a parlé. Je lui ai dit qu’il n’y a pas d’acceptabilité sociale. Je n’en vois pas au Québec », a indiqué M. Legault après un tête-à-tête avec son homologue néo-brunswickois, vendredi matin. « Il n’y a plus de projet de pipeline vers l’Est. Il n’y a pas d’acceptabilité sociale et politique », a-t-il insisté.

La première ministre de l’Alberta, Rachel Notley, a plaidé que la « difficulté » de sa province à exporter son pétrole et son gaz constitue l’« enjeu le plus important auquel est confrontée l’économie canadienne ». « N’importe quelle rencontre que nous avons qui concerne la prospérité et le bien-être des Canadiens qui ne se concentre pas sur cet enjeu n’est pas une rencontre qui est bien conçue », a-t-elle lancé à son arrivée à l’hôtel Marriott Château Champlain.

L’Alberta a cherché à préparer le terrain en achetant de pleines pages de publicité, notamment dans The Gazette et Le Devoir, afin de sensibiliser la population québécoise aux coûts liés à l’absence de débouchés pour le pétrole albertain et saskatchewanais. La paralysie du projet TransMountain, qui consiste à faire passer la capacité du pipeline traversant l’Alberta et la Colombie-Britannique de 300 000 à 890 000 barils par jour, coûte 80 millions de dollars par jour aux Canadiens, indique le gouvernement albertain. « Ce retard signifie [notamment] moins d’investissements dans les énergies vertes », note-t-il dans sa campagne publicitaire.

À l’extérieur, des dizaines de manifestants demandaient aux premiers ministres de présenter leur plan d’urgence climatique. « On va talonner les gouvernements tant et aussi longtemps qu’ils n’arriveront pas avec des plans crédibles, tant qu’ils n’écouteront pas la science », a averti le responsable de la campagne Climat-Énergie à Greenpeace Canada, Patrick Bonin. Les efforts de persuasion commencent à porter leurs fruits au Québec, a-t-il souligné. « Le gouvernement Legault a reculé. Lui qui était un cancre en environnement est en train de reconnaître l’urgence climatique », a dit le militant écologiste, appelant à « augmenter la pression » dans le reste du Canada.

Le chef du gouvernement fédéral, Justin Trudeau, s’en est tenu, devant les caméras de télévision, à répéter qu’« aujourd’hui, et plus que jamais, l’économie et l’environnement vont de pair ». « C’est pour cette raison que nous devons faire des investissements dans les technologies propres et les sources d’énergie propre tout en continuant d’offrir un soutien indéfectible à notre secteur pétrolier et gazier », a-t-il fait valoir.

M. Trudeau a salué la présence de ses homologues ― y compris ceux qui avaient menacé de bouder la réunion. « Nous ne serons pas tous d’accord sur tout, mais le plus important, c’est de garder nos voies de communication ouvertes et de travailler ensemble pour le bien de nos communautés », a-t-il déclaré.

D’autres détails suivront.

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