Alberta hunts for more cannabis producers as demand drains supplies

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Alberta is looking to boost its roster of cannabis producers — and bolster its supplies — as eager consumers continue to deplete provincial stockpiles of popular weed products.

Alberta Liquor, Gaming and Cannabis (AGLC), which sells wholesale to retailers and online to consumers, gets its cannabis from 15 licensed producers across the country.

But the regulator is hunting to add more producers from which it can draw supplies as it seeks to keep up with an unanticipated appetite for legal pot.

« We plan to continue to actively seek additional suppliers going forward, » said AGLC spokeswoman Kaleigh Miller.

« When the industry launched on [Oct. 17] we saw outstanding response and the market demand has been fairly steady ever since. So I think that everyone estimated for this industry to be a success.

« But I think that the success is a little bit more than we anticipated. »

The AGLC says licensed producers are ramping up production, but cannabis takes time to grow. (Darryl Dyck/Canadian Press)

By Tuesday afternoon, AGLC’s retail website was sold out of 17 of 81 kinds of dry flower, four out of 10 pre-rolled cannabis products, four of six oils, and of all of its capsules. 

Among the products listed as sold out on the website were Kiwi Cannabis Mango Haze and Riff Subway Scientist.

Miller said the licensed producers with which the AGLC has contracts are being challenged to keep up with market demand. However, the regulator continues to receive shipments daily, she said.

The majority of those shipments are being allocated to licensed retailers.

« Hopefully, as things are selling out, we’re able to resupply somewhat during these first few days and weeks, » she said.

But there’s no quick fix. Licensed producers are ramping up their production, she said, but cannabis takes time to grow. 

« It’s not something that we can just sort of turn around overnight, » Miller said. « So we’re seeing a little bit of delay in that aspect but I am confident that, hopefully, in the not-too-far-away future we’ll see things even out. »

There are cannabis shortages occurring across the country, leaving some new stores scrambling to stock their shelves.

One of Calgary’s two retailers, Four20 Premium Market, said on Facebook Tuesday afternoon that it had inventory.

James Burns, CEO of Alcanna Inc., the parent company of Nova Cannabis, which currently has one Calgary location, said he’s not concerned about supplies at his stores.

« We placed very large orders — the largest we could, » Burns said.

James Burns, CEO of Alcanna Inc., the parent company of Nova Cannabis, said he’s not concerned about supplies at his stores, including one in Calgary. (CBC/Scott Neufeld)

« Certain strains sold out for sure, but we always had product in stock and we’ve been resupplied this week, I think as has everybody. So we’re in good shape. »

Burns said people are still getting in line to make purchases.

« The line-ups aren’t long anymore but there are still lineups, » he said. « Just non-stop, non-stop sales. »

Nick Kuzyk, chief strategy officer with High Tides Ventures, which is planning to open its first Canna Cabana store in Canyon Meadows at the end of the month, believes the outlet will have the inventory it needs.

« We have begun the process of purchasing inventory through the AGLC and I believe it’s true that we don’t have our choice of everything that we would like to stock, » he said.

« However, that is the case for everyone. And customers, based on demand so far, seem to be willing to work through the process with retailers and the province, and are still nevertheless excited — greatly excited — about legalization. »

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In Canada’s Niagara Region, Sommelier Ashley Ragovin Hunts for Great Wine

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Ashley Ragovin is on a hunting expedition. Not for big game in the traditional sense, but for bottles of rarified vino, which today has lured her from Los Angeles to Canada’s lush Niagara Region. A longtime sommelier, Ragovin has honed her palate to seek out the distinctive and uncommon—wines that convey a point of view, a place in time.

“I’m always inspired by small family vineyards that make wine the local people are proud of,” Ragovin muses from the passenger seat of a rented Jeep. She returns her gaze to the window, through which a mesmerizing display of thick, curled grapevines flick past in neat rows that stretch to the horizon. “You won’t find out the nuance of that if you don’t come.”

Her plan is to unearth gems within the area’s still nascent wine scene; perhaps she’ll find vintages to pour in her all-day cafe All Time, or to feature in her highly curated online bottle shop Pour This, which offers rare and highly sought-after wines you won’t find in your average liquor store. The air, cool and moist, is full of possibilities.

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Niagara’s unique geology and climate have long stoked Ragovin’s curiosity about the area, which has an agricultural heritage going back centuries. For years now, she’s heard tales of the area’s temperate climate, where summers aren’t too hot and winters aren’t too cold. The year-round rainfall is especially kind to agriculture, and true to form, it’s been raining off and on since early this morning. Indeed, puddles fill the vine-filled countryside.

Farmers have grown fruits like peaches, cherries, plums, and pears here since before anyone can remember, Ragovin says, but grapes have dominated the scenery since the 1980s. Thanks to the natural erosion that’s carved the landscape over a millennia—the same geological phenomenon that created Niagara Falls, she notes—the soil here is wonderfully rich and fantastically varied, with pockets of different minerals and nutrients in each field. “It’s perfect for growing grapes that burst with character and originality,” Ragovin says.

Today promises to be action-packed. We plan to hit up six wineries in a single day, each chosen for its individual way of expressing the Niagara Region in a glass. That may be through the grapes it chooses, the types of wine it makes, or its winemaking methods, Ragovin says. Even the personalities of the winemaker him or herself can affect one’s perception of a wine.

The car comes to a halt. First up is Megalomaniac, which rises magnificently above the 80 acres of vines that surround it. “You can tell this isn’t a scrappy operation,” Ragovin says, eyeing the fields. The varieties of grapes grown here are ones we’ll see all day long: Riesling, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Chardonnay. They’re Old World grapes that have proven themselves here in the New World, and in the Niagara Region in particular.

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We’re met by the winery’s founder, John Howard. “On a clear day, you can see the spray coming off Niagara Falls from the second-floor patio,” Howard tells us as we enter a chandelier-dotted tasting room. The name of the operation, he continues, is meant to poke fun at the more sober-faced, inward-facing types prevalent in the wine industry. In contrast, Megalomaniac gives its wine fun names like Selfie, Narcissist, Bigmouth, and Bravado. But don’t mistake playfulness for frivolity, Howard cautions. “We take our vineyards and our wine very seriously,” he says. The vineyard’s winemaker Sébastien Jacquey appears; he pours several vintages, including a 2016 “Frank” Cabernet Franc.

“I think Cab Franc does really well in the Niagara Region, based on the wine and the soil,” Ragovin says between sips. “With Cab Franc, there’s an earthy complexity that lends notes of smoke and pepper and wet rocks,” she explains. “It’s exciting to witness the focus on that grape, » she explains. « I think Megalomaniac represents an affordable, accessible starting point for most people.”

Next up is Hidden Bench, a short drive away through winding vineyards, orchards, and rolling fields. Owner and winemaker Harald Thiel runs out to meet us in front of the main building, a handsome, green-roofed country house lined with dark, weathered wood. The whole operation spans 84 green acres and is certified organic, Thiel says. It’s also heated and cooled with environmentally friendly geothermal energy, and a massive solar panel helps reduce the winery’s reliance on the electrical grid.

“We’re also experimenting with natural wines,” Thiel tells us with a wide grin, pointing toward a pair of hulking wine-filled concrete “eggs,” which have grown in popularity in the nature winemaking world. In the tasting room, we sample the Estate Riesling, which packs a floral nose with notes of white peach, orange rind, and wet stone. There’s a major Austrian influence at play; Thiel’s mother is Austrian, and he speaks fluent German.

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“The Riesling’s juicy and fresh on the palate,” Ragovin says as we leave. “They just tasted really true to what they were, really focused and pure and unmanipulated.” The eggs were encouraging, too, she adds, explaining that the ovular shape is thought to create a continuous flow of wine within the vessel, naturally producing a more homogenous liquid. “His approach was rooted in tradition and he wasn’t trying to be too experimental, but he was open-minded, which I thought was cool.”

We pile in the car and head to Thirty Bench, our halfway point for the day. The winemaker, Emma Garner, meets us out in the vines. “For me, it’s about listening to what the grapes have to say,” Garner tells us. Minimal intervention is key, she continues, and creating a tantalizing wine is “about that balance between art and science.” In the light-filled tasting room, which looks out onto verdant fields, we sample an exquisite, fruit-forward Cabernet Franc with just the right amount of dryness.

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“Their Cab Franc was so impressive to me,” Ragovin says on our way out. “It was developed and thoughtfully made. It tasted very Niagara. Just a nice drinking wine.”

We soldier on to Cave Spring Cellars, which is nestled in a historic winery building in the quaint village of Jordan. The structure dates back to 1871, making it the oldest functioning wine cellar in Ontario. Cave Spring Cellars itself plays a significant role in local history: More than three decades ago, its founders helped to pioneer the cultivation of noble European grape varietals on the Niagara Peninsula.

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Winemaker Angelo Pavan and his protégé, Gabriel Demarco, join us with bottles in hand. “We’re cutting back on the number of varieties we work with, we’re not expanding,” Pavan says. The idea, he continues, is to hone in on a few grapes and guide them toward perfection. “We make sparkling wine as good as anywhere in the world, with the exception of Champagne in France because they have all that history,” he says, eyes bright. “But we’ll catch up.” Ragovin raises a glass of 2009 Blanc de Blancs CSV to her lips, and nods with approval.

“The wine was clean and thoughtfully made,” she says as we head back to the car. “It just tasted good, and it wasn’t manipulated and overproduced.” It’s encouraging to see younger winemakers like Demarco joining the fray, too, she adds. “It represents a new generation of good winemaking,” Ragovin says.

Back in the Jeep, we follow a mud-packed road to Pearl Morissette, the imaginative outfit from non-interventionist winemaker François Morissette. Its fields go as far as the eye can see here, with creeping vines in one direction and pastures dotted with cows, sheep, and chickens in the other. The twinkling sound of birdcalls permeates the air, punctuated by loud cannon booms that echo across the landscape.

“It’s a recording of birds in distress, to keep birds out,” explains Svetlana Atcheva, a former Toronto-based sommelier who’s since become Morissette’s collaborator. The booms scare away other predators, protecting the grapes without forcing the winery to use harsh chemicals. It’s reflective of the overall ethos at work at Pearl Morissette, where traditional winemaking methods are more evocative of a farmhouse than a chateau.

“It’s interesting to work with something living,” Morissette says, stepping out from behind a hulking fermentation vat. Using natural yeasts and as little added sulfur as possible results in wines that are funky and playful, he says. We sample a handful of still-in-the-works vintages: complex Chardonnays, Rieslings, and others.

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There is no tasting room at Pearl Morissette, but those who want to taste the wines near where they were made can sample them at the on-site restaurant. Dinner here means a sprawling multicourse meal in a modern farmhouse setting; the airy dining room is hemmed in by glass walls on either side and finely burnished wooden floors are made with planks culled from the 200-year-old barn that once stood on the premises. The seasonal French menu changes constantly, but is always inspired by local ingredients, from rare bluecap and lobster mushrooms to petite wild pigeons.

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“Francois represents the future in winemaking to me, and he has a very irreverent approach,” Ragovin says, clearly impressed. “He’s not making wine for the masses. He’s making wine with a higher goal in mind, which is to express a place and stay out of the way, but guide it in the best possible way. I find it noble and sort of altruistic.”

It’s late afternoon as we depart, and the sky threatens rain. We step inside our final destination, Big Head, just as a sudden downpour begins to pelt the warehouse-like space’s metal roof with furious intensity. We’ll be here for awhile. Good thing that Jakub Lipinski, the head of operations and the son of Big Head’s head winemaker Andrzej Lipinski, has plenty of wine for us to try.

“Dad and I, we butt heads, but it’s never violent,” the younger Lipinski says with a laugh. The pair have markedly different wine philosophies; Andrzej favors big and bold flavors, while Jakub goes for profiles that are more complex and unconventional. Jakub is the guiding force behind the winery’s latest Syrah, a wild fermented wine packing notes of black pepper and smoked meat. It’s something of an “acquired taste,” he admits, but his father is on board.

“It’s my first time getting involved in the winemaking,” he says. “I need something dirty and funky to get my brain going. For me, that’s beautiful.”

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Ragovin sips, and her eyes brighten. “How do I get a case of it?”

“Just leave me your address,” Lipinski replies, smiling.

Ragovin steps outside, her tour complete. The sky is clear for the first time today, and paddles soak up the last of the late afternoon sunshine. “For such a young region, I think there’s more going on here than even I expected,” she says, piling into the car one last time. Interesting things, particularly at Pearl Morissette and Big Head, where an emphasis on natural fermentation—which relies only on yeast present in the air—results in flavors that are intensely specific to this region, from dry and tangy to earthy and flinty. It’s exactly what Ragovin is looking for. She’s already trying to figure out how to get some of their bottles into Pour This.

“There’s a lot of energy and a lot of pride,” Ragovin continues. “Everyone really wants to capture Niagara in their winemaking, as opposed to making it like the Finger Lakes or California,” she says. “There’s already a lot of exciting wine being made here and it’s only going to get better.”

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