How six Toronto lives were fractured by serial killer Bruce McArthur


There is a ripple effect when someone is murdered.

“Doctors always say it is better to break something over fracturing it. Fractures never really heal as well as a break,” said Greg Dunn, best friend of Andrew Kinsman, the last of eight men murdered by serial killer Bruce McArthur. “My heart, soul and spirit have been fractured. They may heal in time but it will never be the same and it will never go away.”

Dunn’s words were read aloud in court Friday by Justice John McMahon as he described how the pain of the murders of eight men by McArthur reverberated through families, friends, communities and Toronto as a whole.

Six people shared with the Star how fractures in their own lives and communities have emerged since the serial killer was arrested just over a year ago. For some, McArthur’s crimes exposed pain from past traumas and historical violence against marginalized communities. For others, there remain haunting questions that may never be answered and thoughts of reunions that will never be.

These are their stories:

"There is an untold fear in our hearts," Piranavan Thangavel says of refugees like himself following the murder of Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam.
« There is an untold fear in our hearts, » Piranavan Thangavel says of refugees like himself following the murder of Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam.  (Toronto Star)

Piranavan Thangavel, who spent three months at sea with Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam

An unanswered question has been weighing on Thangavel since he learned of his friend’s murder: Just how did Bruce McArthur come into contact with Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam?

“We have to know,” he says. “That’s what his family still wants to know.”

Knowing how they met could help us know how to better protect people hiding from authorities, as Kanagaratnam was after his refugee claim was denied, Thangavel says.

As far as he knows, McArthur hasn’t shared that information, and that may be the only way to find out. Thangavel is resigned to never knowing.

His friend came here to save his life. Instead, it was taken in a way that Thangavel is unable to contemplate.

“For us now to hear of such a horrible death, we who live in this world as refugees feel like there is no safety for us anywhere in the world,” he said in the victim impact statement he read out in court. “Now when we meet new people, talk to them, or seek employment from them, there is an untold fear in our hearts.”

He says he did not see a reaction from McArthur to his words.

Thangavel’s years in Canada have been difficult — like many of those who came on the boat with him and Kanagaratnam. And though Canada does welcome refugees, he says, it is hard for him not to be angry and bitterfor him not to feel that Canada’s policies led to his friend’s death.

Thangavel is hoping to meet soon with the federal Minister for Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship. He hopes to convince him to change the refugee claim appeal process so failed claimants don’t feel they need to go into hiding to avoid deportation — so they don’t have become as vulnerable as Kanagaratnam was and many still are now.

This is the legacy he wants Kanagaratnam to leave.

“He is not with us but maybe we can do something right for other people,” he says.

Read more:

Serial killer Bruce McArthur given concurrent life sentences, can apply for parole after 25 years

Opinion | Rosie DiManno: Questions, questions, more questions about the McArthur investigation

A timeline of the Bruce McArthur case and the police investigation into the Gay Village killings

"When we report that we have been victimized ? we've been assaulted, or raped ? they need to believe us," advocate Susan Gapka says.
« When we report that we have been victimized ? we’ve been assaulted, or raped ? they need to believe us, » advocate Susan Gapka says.  (Toronto Star)

Susan Gapka, an advocate for transgender and homeless rights

Susan Gapka walked out of Bruce McArthur’s sentencing hearing Monday, “raw and weak-kneed.”

She had sat inside the imposing downtown courtroom looking around the police officers, victims’ families and friends, community advocates and journalists and thought: “we all did our part.” Yet she knows the finality of McArthur’s conviction won’t mark the end of a traumatic period for her personally, or for Toronto’s Gay Village, in which she is steeped.

“Sentencing,” she says, “is a bit like the Band-Aid’s being ripped off. But there’s still a wound under there.”

For Gapka, McArthur’s case has highlighted the vulnerabilities of a life she knows well, and it has played out in a part of Toronto where she’d felt most at home. Twenty years ago, she came out as trans at Zipperz, the bar — a now-closed Gay Village institution — where McArthur had been a frequent face. The area, she says, was “a safe space to be ourselves until we feel comfortable enough to expand our network.”

Each of the stories of McArthur’s victims were devastating, but it was Dean Lisowick’s murder that “rocked” her. Once homeless and a drug addict, she spent many nights not knowing where she would sleep. One night, she stayed with a stranger who had picked her up, “and this person, this man, took advantage of me while I was sleeping.”

“It brought something up that I hadn’t even been thinking about, and I hadn’t even considered it to be abuse,” she says. “It brought something up that I had ignored as part of street life, and survival.”

The case has illustrated how the vulnerabilities of people on the margins can be exploited, she says — a scary thought amid a housing crisis and an opioid epidemic. And it has underscored the essential need for trust between police and the public, particularly those within the LGBTQ community.

She stressed that police must take reports of violence seriously, citing the fact McArthur was arrested following a 2016 allegation he assaulted another man, but was never charged.

“When we report that we have been victimized — we’ve been assaulted, or raped — they need to believe us. They need to believe us. I’ll say it again: They need to believe us.”

"That is trauma that is not going to go away," Rev. Deana Dudley says.
« That is trauma that is not going to go away, » Rev. Deana Dudley says.  (Toronto Star)

Rev. Deana Dudley, a minister at the Metropolitan Community Church

The betrayal of a wolf in the fold, of a man who used his own community as a hunting ground, runs deep.

“People trust themselves less. They trust other people less. They trust the police less,” Dudley says.

“I know people who were approached by (McArthur) and got away. I know people who lived on the same floor as him and saw him on a daily basis and heard things and saw things they didn’t put together at the time. That is trauma that is not going to go away,” she says.

She and other ministers at the church have spoken to many who now live with survivors’ guilt, with fear, with disgust, with anger. Spaces once considered safe are tainted, routines that once seemed manageable — like using dating apps — are too dangerous.

“I have been afraid for my friends. I have been angry at the ways people have been traumatized. I am happy to sit and talk with people about the things that happened to them, that have made them afraid, the nightmares,” she says. “But you know what, no one should be going through this and it pisses me off.”

Their grieving process will continue. Pain will surface in ways expected and sudden.

It will not be easy to repair, foster and build connections among community members, especially for the most marginalized people, she says, but it is more necessary than ever.

In the fall, Dudley was part of a group that gathered at the Mallory Cres. home where McArthur hid the remains of seven of his victims in planters. They cleaned up the yard, seeded the grass and planted hundreds of daffodil bulbs. They will bloom brightly this spring in what Dudley describes as sacred ground.

“They are hardy and they are resilient and they will survive,” she said in the victim impact statement she gave in court this week. “Toronto’s LGBTQ community is also strong and resilient. And we too will survive (though) changed forever.”

"Everyone is responsible for this," Haran Vijayanathan says of how his agency and others need to deliver community support after the McArthur case.
« Everyone is responsible for this, » Haran Vijayanathan says of how his agency and others need to deliver community support after the McArthur case.  (Toronto Star)

Haran Vijayanathan, executive director of the Alliance for South Asian AIDS Prevention

It was only in the quiet pause around the holidays, after Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam’s funeral, that the horrors of the past year truly sank in. Vijayanathan thought of his mother having to receive a phone call like the ones made to the mothers of Bruce McArthur’s victims, most of whom were South Asian or Middle-Eastern.

“I was sitting there thinking, ‘that could have been me in the casket,’” he says. “That could have been my mother and my family there and they wouldn’t have been able to see me one last time.”

The past year he has focused on supporting families with the logistics that come with loss, organizing funerals and raising funds to defray costs. It was also a time to demand answers, he says.

“Why did it take eight people to be missing and murdered before (McArthur) was found,” Vijayanathan says. “Why wasn’t the same level of attention given to the first three men who went missing?”

The missing persons review is one step in the right direction, he says. But law enforcement agencies have so much work to do to build trust with communities who do not feel safe or protected by them because of racism, classism and homophobia.

“How can the community and the police actually work together to address some of the biases that exist around, for example, someone with a mental health issue coming in to report a friend of theirs didn’t come back to their sleeping bag last night, as was their routine,” he says. “That credibility needs to be applied to everyone.”

The past year has also made Vijayanathan rethink how his agency and others deliver community programming and support, especially important considering some of the men McArthur killed were connected to community agencies and shelters.

“This is a wake-up call. There is a huge spotlight that has been shone on Toronto to see all of the gaps that we have. Some of those gaps are shallow and easily filled, but others are deep and the light has gone deep into those cracks,” he says.

“Everyone is responsible for this.”

"He made a mark on my life," Jeremiah Holmes says of his childhood friend Dean Lisowick.
« He made a mark on my life, » Jeremiah Holmes says of his childhood friend Dean Lisowick.  (Toronto Star)

Jeremiah Holmes, a childhood friend of Dean Lisowick

Relationships that will never be haunt many whose loved ones were killed by McArthur. Dean Lisowick’s daughter will never be able to connect with him or introduce him to his grandchildren. That was Lisowick’s dream too: His cousin Julie Pearo says his face lit up in the times she last saw him, as he described the electric bike he wanted to buy his daughter — something to bring her joy.

Lisowick’s childhood friend Jeremiah Holmes always hoped he’d see Lisowick again. Holmes was 7 when Lisowick came to live in their shared foster home in Udora, Ont.

The boys became close in a happy and strict home with a bullmastiff named Rocky where chores were mandatory.

“He made a mark on my life,” says Holmes. “I have a brother, but Dean became my new brother.”

They attended classes at Morning Glory Public School in Pefferlaw, Ont. Most of their free time was spent outdoors.

“We played together in the summertime until the lights went out. We were little kids, so we were exploring stuff.” That included poking around an old burnt-down house and collecting bullfrogs from the local creek, adventures fuelled by pop and bags of chips.

One winter outing ended with Lisowick freezing and soaking wet, after he walked out on a frozen river to retrieve a large stick.

Lisowick shouted, “I’m the king,” then fell through the ice, says Holmes.

He last saw Lisowick when he was a teen and tried unsuccessfully to find him over the years. Then, in 2018, Holmes saw Lisowick’s name in the newspaper. He felt shock, then hollowness. This wasn’t how he was supposed to find his friend.

Last summer, Holmes visited the Udora home where he and Lisowick spent some of their boyhood years. It was a chance to pause and reflect.

He doesn’t allow himself to think about how Lisowick’s life ended. Instead he hopes Lisowick knew how many people loved and cared about him — how many lives he touched for the better.

“It is just a sad ending for my foster brother and all the other victims that I read about and potential and almost victims,” Holmes says. “I didn’t let myself hold on to any (other) kinds of emotions, other than I think it is just sad.”

"As long as people are vulnerable there will be individuals who exploit that vulnerability," Becky McFarlane says.
« As long as people are vulnerable there will be individuals who exploit that vulnerability, » Becky McFarlane says.  (Toronto Star)

Becky McFarlane, senior director of programs and community services for the 519 community centre

For years, men linked to the Gay Village were going missing and no one had any answers.

“For a lot of people post the arrest of Bruce McArthur, it legitimated a fear I think many people didn’t feel entitled to have, because there was a lot of reassurance that there wasn’t a predator,” she says. “They wanted to believe it couldn’t be possible and I think in the face of McArthur’s arrest it raised a lot of fear.”

The first words of Crown prosecutor Michael Cantlon at McArthur’s sentencing were a validation of sorts.

“For years, members of the LGBTQ community believed that they were being targeted by a killer,” he says. “They were right.”

But just being told that you were right doesn’t make the fear go away, McFarlane says. “It is the reality of what happened that actually creates the fear.”

There was a period of time after McArthur’s arrest where people were more scared than they were before, she says.

The factors he exploited, that made many of his victims vulnerable — refugee status, lack of stable housing, secret lives — have not gone away. They are things people still live with every day in this city.

“How many individuals will it take before we recognize that there is a much more important systemic conversation that we need to have?” she says.

Queer and trans people have long faced targeted violence, she says. Bruce McArthur’s crimes are yet another example.

“As long as people are vulnerable there will be individuals who exploit that vulnerability. That is what makes us scared. There is no relief at the end of the day because people are not left less vulnerable because Bruce McArthur was caught and is in jail and won’t get out. People won’t be harmed by him but they will be harmed by others.”

Alyshah Hasham is a Toronto-based reporter covering crime and court. Follow her on Twitter: @alysanmati

Wendy Gillis is a Toronto-based reporter covering crime and policing. Reach her by email at or follow her on Twitter: @wendygillis

Emily Mathieu is a Toronto-based reporter covering affordable and precarious housing. Follow her on Twitter: @emathieustar


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Judge to decide serial killer Bruce McArthur’s sentence Friday morning


After hearing new details about the murders of eight men, then carefully listening to the pain inflicted by their deaths, an Ontario Superior Court judge is expected to sentence serial killer Bruce McArthur Friday morning.

McArthur, 67, convicted of eight counts of first-degree murder, faces an automatic sentence of life in prison with no chance of parole for at least 25 years.

The men Bruce McArthur killed: They are, top, from left to right: Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam, Majeed Kayhan, Skandaraj (Skanda) Navaratnam and Abdulbasir Faizi; and bottom, from left to right: Selim Esen, Soroush Mahmudi, Dean Lisowick and Andrew Kinsman.
The men Bruce McArthur killed: They are, top, from left to right: Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam, Majeed Kayhan, Skandaraj (Skanda) Navaratnam and Abdulbasir Faizi; and bottom, from left to right: Selim Esen, Soroush Mahmudi, Dean Lisowick and Andrew Kinsman.  (Star Wire Services)

Citing the unique enormity of McArthur’s crimes — “even amongst those who commit multiple murders” — Crown prosecutor Craig Harper earlier this week asked for a parole ineligibility period of 50 years. McArthur would be 116, effectively assuring he would die in prison and sparing his victims’ families a parole hearing.

McArthur’s lawyer, James Miglin, argued before Justice John McMahon that, given McArthur’s guilty pleas and his age, 25 years of parole ineligibility is appropriate.

Either way, McArthur will be in prison until he is at least 91 years old, factoring in credit for time served in jail since his arrest.

As many of those statements were read out in court, McMahon listened intently, thanking each person for sharing their loss and grief.

McArthur pleaded guilty in court late last month, admitting to murdering eight men with ties to Toronto’s Gay Village between 2010 and 2017. He showed little expression throughout the two-day sentencing proceedings, even as victims’ family members, friends and members of Toronto’s LGBTQ community spoke about how he has shattered their lives and sense of safety. On Tuesday, he waived his opportunity to address the court.

The sentencing hearing saw a fulsome agreed statement of fact read out in court, detailing for the first time the manner and location of McArthur’s murders and new details about how he posed and photographed his victims after death.

Court heard the serial killer maintained digital folders of images of each of his eight victims — photos taken before and after their deaths — and had created a ninth folder for a Middle Eastern man police found handcuffed to McArthur’s bed on the morning of his Jan. 18, 2018, arrest.

McArthur, court heard, selected victims with certain commonalities, seeking out and exploiting certain vulnerabilities to “continue his crimes undetected.”

“Most of the deceased had traits that made victimization more likely or harder to detect. Some were forced to live parts of their lives in secret because of their orientation. Some lacked stable housing,” reads the agreed statement of fact.

In his submissions to McMahon, Harper, the Crown lawyer, called McArthur a serial killer said the term was in fact “woefully inadequate to describe his moral blameworthiness … and heinousness of the offences.”

With files from Alyshah Hasham

Wendy Gillis is a Toronto-based reporter covering crime and policing. Reach her by email at or follow her on Twitter: @wendygillis


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All the Gear You Need to Make Killer Cocktails at Home


Sitting down at a cocktail bar, you might notice that the bartender has quite the toolkit at their disposal. Strainers of all shapes and sizes. Knives, spouts, wands, lighters, and custom aprons. It’s all very impressive. But like any professional, they’ve got all the bells and whistles because it’s what they get paid to do. You, on the other hand, are probably not a professional bartender. Which is fine! Neither are we! That’s just the truth.

But we do like to make cocktails at home—we just do it without the fancy kit. If you’re itching to make a Negroni or an Aperol spritz at home, all you need are a few essential pieces of bar equipment. Here’s what you need to make bar-worthy cocktails at your place.

Basically Cocktail Supplies 02

Photo by Chelsie Craig

Double Rocks Glass

The rocks glass is the workhorse of the cocktail world. So many cocktails (including a bunch that aren’t supposed to) get served in a rocks glasses in bars across the world. If you were to order any booze “on the rocks,” you’d get it in a rocks glass. And the same goes for an Old Fashioned or a Negroni. For your home bar, a good rocks glass should be durable and hold 10 ounces of liquid.

Buy It: Set of 6 Yarai Double Rocks Glasses, $31 on Cocktail Kingdom

Collins Glass

You might confuse the Collins glass for a regular old water glass. And if you used it as one, no one would be mad about it. The Collins glass is a tall, straight-sided cocktail glass, named after the Tom Collins cocktail, which is always served in one. We like to use them for anything from a spritz to a paloma, but regardless of what goes in one, you want your at-home Collins glasses to hold 12 ounces of liquid.

Buy It: Set of 6 Buswell Collins Glasses, $19 on Cocktail Kingdom

Coupe Glass

Whoever invented the martini glass was a sadist. What a terrible design for a vessel that’s supposed to keep liquid inside of it. The coupe glass, on the other hand, is perfect. This stemmed glass is great for martinis but can also serve as a champagne (or whatever bubbly wine you’re buying) glass in a pinch. Make sure that your coupe glass holds between five and seven ounces of liquid.

Buy It: Set of 6 Leopold Coupe Glasses, $35 on Amazon

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Photo by Chelsie Craig


The 2-piece metal Boston shaker is the most theatrical piece of equipment in the cocktail world and definitely an essential for at-home production. The best (and simplest) version of a cocktail shaker will consist of two metal halves, one larger and one smaller, that lodge into each other. As advertised, booze and ice get thrown in the shaker and tossed around to properly combine the different ingredients into one tasty drink.

Buy It: Set of 2 Weighted Koriko Shaking Tins, $16 on Amazon

Hawthorne Strainer

You’ve definitely seen a Hawthorne strainer before. You might just not know that it’s called a Hawthorne strainer. This is the quintessential bar strainer, fitted with a spring that gets it snug up to the edge of your cocktail shaker as you pour your cocktail through it. You can use any number of cocktail strainers for different things, but if we’re talking essentials, the Hawthorne strainer is what you need.

Buy It: Stainless Steel Hawthorne Strainer, $4 on Amazon

Bar Spoon

If you think the bar spoon is just a really long spoon, well, you’re mostly right. This elongated spoon is used to mix stirred cocktails like the Martini, the Old Fashioned, and the Negroni. But the other strength of the bar spoon, apart from its length, is the curve of the bowl of the spoon, which tucks into the sloped edge of a mixing glass for easy stirring.

Buy It: Viski SS-TRU-4364 True Fabrication Barspoon, $8 on Amazon

Mixing Glass

If you really wanted to use a pint glass as a mixing glass you could. But stirring a cocktail in a pint glass is much tougher than it seems. The portion of the mixing glass where the walls meet the base is curved, giving your bar spoon a track in which to slide around the glass. This makes stirring your negroni infinitely easier (and tastier). Make sure to get a mixing glass with a spout, so you can pour drinks easily.

Buy It: Stemmed 30 oz. Mixing Glass, $10 at Bar Products

Basically Cocktail Supplies 01

Photo by Chelsie Craig

Silicone Ice Tray

Not all ice is created equal. And neither are ice trays. A silicone ice tray makes popping out cubes super easy, and a larger square mold will give you ice that melts slowly and evenly. You can grab a couple different sized trays, but a one and a quarter inch ice cube is versatile enough to solve most of your ice-related problems.

Buy It: Set of 2 Tovolo Ice Trays, $12 on Amazon


If you’ve been reading this website for a minute, you probably already have a y-peeler for peeling vegetables. But the y-peeler is also the perfect tool for creating cocktail garnishes. Running it down the side of a lemon, lime, orange, or grapefruit will give you a strip of citrus peel that adds flavor, aroma, and color to your cocktails.

Buy It: OXO Good Grips Y-Peeler, $10 on Amazon

Mini Measuring Cup

Bartenders use two-sided jiggers to measure liquids behind the bar, but at home, we like an OXO mini angled measuring measuring cup. Jiggers aren’t uniform in size and are usually hard to read. We love the OXO liquid measuring cup because it holds up to 2 oz. and is easily legible from the top and side. Looks like you’re all set. Cheers!

Buy It: OXO Good Grips Mini Angled Measuring Cup, $4 on Amazon

Now that you’ve got the gear, let’s make some drinks!



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Crown calls for consecutive life sentences for serial killer Bruce McArthur


Crown attorneys said Tuesday that « sexual predator » and serial killer Bruce McArthur should be sentenced to six consecutive life sentences with no chance of parole for 50 years.

McArthur, 67, pleaded guilty to eight counts of first-degree murder last week.

However, two of the killings took place before 2011, when federal laws were introduced that allow for consecutive life sentences. For offences committed before the law went into effect, all life sentences and related parole ineligibility periods are served concurrently.

The murders of Skandaraj Navaratnam, 40, and Abdulbasir Faizi, 44, happened in 2010.

Crown attorney Craig Harper argued that McArthur’s decision to plead guilty should not be considered a sufficient mitigating factor in the sentencing « when you take the enormity of McArthur’s crimes » into account. The fact that McArthur revisited images and « trophies » from the killings shows a lack of shame or remorse, he argued.

He also told Justice John McMahon that granting McArthur a parole hearing after 25 years means the families of McArthur’s victims may have to face him again in court.

« There are no similar offenders to Mr. McArthur, » Harper said to the court. He added that McArthur’s killing spree stoked widespread fear in Toronto’s LGBT community, forcing people to compromise how they lived their lives.

The Crown has avoided using the term « serial killer » during the trial, saying that it is « woefully inadequate » to describe his killing spree.

In addition to the murders of Navaratnam and Faizi in 2010, McArthur has also admitted to the killings of Andrew Kinsman, 49, Selim Esen, 44, Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, 37, Dean Lisowick, 47, Soroush Mahmudi, 50, and Majeed Kayhan, 58.


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A note in a calendar led to the undoing of serial killer Bruce McArthur


He became McArthur’s eighth and last — far as is known — murder victim.

It’s not clear why an investigation of missing males that had slogged along for six years — first came Project Houston, then came Project Prism — abruptly triggered a massive undertaking by police. A person with knowledge of the investigation says the explanation is straightforward: Kinsman had been reported missing only a day after he was last seen, on June 26, 2017. In the other disappearances, the time lag was longer. In a couple of cases, the men were never reported missing at all.

But Kinsman, 49, superintendent of a residential building on Winchester St., enjoyed a close-knit community of family and friends. He was known to tenants as a responsible custodian with an established day-to-day routine. It was odd when chores around went unattended. Stranger still that he would leave his cat alone, in his unit, unfed.

On this occasion, police responded with alacrity. They searched Kinsman’s home and discovered that calendar notation. Cops had at least a first name to follow up, a lead.

They seized closed-circuit video from Kinsman’s neighbourhood and were able to track some of his movements. Crucially, one of the detectives found two pieces of footage from around 3 p.m., June 26, that showed a man fitting Kinsman’s description getting into a red Dodge Caravan. The video did not capture the van’s licence plate. The driver’s face was unclear.

But the van, with its roof racks, rain deflectors on the passenger window and silver rims with five spokes, was distinctive. Police visiting a Dodge dealership on Front St. where the manager, shown a photo, identified the vehicle as a 2004 Anniversary Edition model. That piece of information was vital because — as Crown attorney Michael Cantlon told court on Monday during a sentencing hearing, reading into the record an agreed statement of facts — it narrowed down the scope of the police search dramatically.

Police obtained a list, from the Ministry of Transportation, of all Dodge Caravans/Grand Caravans registered in the GTA: 6,181 matched the criteria.

But, in a moment of smart cop thinking, Det. Dave Dickinson — co-lead of the investigation — cross-referenced the list with the name “Bruce.” That shrunk the vehicles of interest to five.

Among the owners was Bruce McArthur, the only individual from among those five who’d had any recent encounter with Toronto Police Service.

That previous contact would subsequently loom as an opportunity missed and rued.

In June of 2016 McArthur hooked up with a man he’d known for years. In the back of McArthur’s van, he directed that man to lie down on a fur coat, to put one arm behind his back. (The fur coat would pop up repeatedly in photographs police obtained depicting McArthur’s other victims, both alive and deceased.)

McArthur held the man’s wrist with “an angry look on his face,” Cantlon told court. Despite the man’s objections and pleadings to be freed, McArthur squeezed his larynx, started strangling him. The victim managed to roll away and escape. (He would be unable to swallow properly for a week.) He then reported the assault to 911 and gave police a statement. McArthur turned himself into a police station, gave an “exculpatory” statement deemed to be credible and was released without charges.

Cantlon stressed that, even if police had run a criminal check on McArthur at that point, they would not have been able to access details from a 2003 incident for which McArthur pleaded guilty to assault with a weapon, wherein he’d struck a man — a gay hustler — numerous times with a metal pipe. He’d received a conditional sentence of two years, but the conviction had been expunged in 2014.

“At the time he received the record suspension, he had committed three murders undetected,” said Cantlon.

In any event, armed with the knowledge they now had, police, in October 2017, tracked the Caravan to a wrecking yard in Courtice, Ont., impounded the vehicle and sent it to the Centre of Forensic Sciences for testing.

Found: eight blood spots on the seats and in the trunk, and semen traces. The samples spit up four DNA profiles — one of them belonging to Kinsman, one of them to McArthur. (Another would eventually be traced linked to Selim Esen, missing since April 2017.

In December 2017, investigators conducted a covert search of McArthur’s home. They copied a USB drive and a digital external drive located in McArthur’s bedroom. On the digital devices, they discovered more than 100 photos of Kinsman, dating as far back as 2007. Also: A metal bar wrapped with tape, believed to be a murder weapon. That pipe shows up in several photographs and would later be seized from McArthur’s new vehicle.

In 18 of the photos, Kinsman is dead, his body staged for the camera. Lying on top of a fur coat, naked, with a rope looped around his neck, knotted at one end. The pipe is looped through the knot, allowing it to be tightened, to apply pressure. There are close-ups of Kinsman’s genitals and ligature marks around his throat.

Kinsman’s remains would be found, following McArthur’s arrest, in large planters removed from the backyard of a Mallory Cres. property where McArthur had worked as a landscaper and where he’d stored his equipment, under an arrangement with the owners, for many years. Dismembered remains of six other victims were also discovered in the pots.

Cause of death for Kinsman was strangulation, the pathologist determined.

His head had been shaved — an apparent kink of McArthur’s with some victims, who also had their beards removed, apparently post-mortem.

Obstructing Kinsman’s airway was a ball of paper towelling that may have been inserted after death.

A man who’d beaten cancer, had come to this horrific fate.

In his first interview with police after being arrested, McArthur claimed he’d had sex with Kinsman only once, a decade earlier, and had not seen him since December 2016.

That poor man. That trusting friend.

Impassive in the dock, McArthur showed not a flicker of emotion during the two hours that Cantlon intoned the facts into the record. Nor did he react in the afternoon as grief-ridden family and friends stepped into the witness stand to deliver victim impact statements.

Karen Coles, sister to Andrew Kinsman, recalled her “baby” brother as a “generous, compassionate and thoughtful man.

“He gave back to the community in which he lived, worked and volunteered. He wanted to make the world a better place for those struggling to survive. He was a champion of the underdog.”

She misses their conversation, aches that she never got a chance to say goodbye.

They had searched and searched and searched, his family and friends.

“When he was missing, I’d lie awake at night, wondering where he was and what he might have suffered. Now, I lie awake and think about how he was murdered and dismembered by someone he knew.”

Another sister, Patricia Kinsman, recalled how they’d searched tirelessly for six months.

“Never in my wildest dreams did I envision his life ending the way it did.

“A person that strangled Andrew, dismembered him, threw him in a planter, and then admired his work for seven months.”

They’ll never be whole again, Kinsman’s loved ones.

“Murdered by him. We never say his name,” Patricia Kinsman said.

They will look for comfort in the knowledge that a jotting in a calendar by Andrew Kinsman sparked the unravelling of Bruce McArthur and breathed life into all the murdered men.

As another friend, Ted Healy — and many friends who spoke — said: “Andrew never suffered fools and it baffles me how he” — McArthur — “got Andrew to trust him.”

McArthur took Kinsman’s life and thought he’d silenced him forever.

“But Andrew outsmarted him.”

Let that be his epitaph.

Rosie DiManno is a columnist based in Toronto covering sports and current affairs. Follow her on Twitter: @rdimanno


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What we learned from Day 1 of serial killer Bruce McArthur’s sentencing


WARNING: This article contains graphic content.

Inside a downtown Toronto courtroom packed for the first day of sentencing submissions in the case of serial killer Bruce McArthur, the Crown prosecutor began with a grave acknowledgement.

“For years, members of the LGBTQ community believed that they were being targeted by a killer,” Michael Cantlon said in his opening address Monday.

“They were right.”

Cantlon went on to describe an unprecedented Toronto police investigation, revealing new details about past police contact with McArthur, new information about the deaths of the eight men McArthur murdered, and revelations about the ways he preyed on Toronto’s LGBTQ community.

Here are some major take-aways from the Day 1 of the serial killer’s sentencing.

How detectives broke the case

A combination of two key pieces of evidence lead Toronto police to “crack the case” of serial killer Bruce McArthur wide open, Cantlon said.

First, there was surveillance video that showed a glimpse of a red van outside the home of Andrew Kinsman, McArthur’s final victim. Second, there was a simple note in Kinsman’s calendar from June 26, 2017, the day he went missing: “Bruce.”

Toronto police Det. David Dickinson was able to determine the make and model of McArthur’s van — a special-edition 2004 Dodge Caravan. He then searched registry information to produce 6,181 matches for similar vehicles. Of those, five owners were named Bruce.

But only McArthur had any recent contact with Toronto police — he had been arrested, but not charged, in 2016 over a report the 67-year-old had attempted to strangle a man.

McArthur was made a person of interest in Kinsman’s disappearance. It was the start of the months-long investigation that led to his Jan. 18. 2018, arrest.

Two weeks after he was interviewed as part of Project Houston, McArthur purchased a new van: the 2004 Dodge Caravan that would lead to his arrest.

McArthur’s plan for a ninth victim and his rescue

McArthur was under police surveillance on Jan. 18, 2018, when a younger man was spotted entering his Thorncliffe Park apartment. It was then that Toronto police made the decision to arrest the killer, Cantlon said, reading the statement of facts.

The man told McArthur his name was “John.” He said he was a recent immigrant to Canada who was married and whose family and friends were unaware of his sexual orientation. The man told police he had been intimate with McArthur on several occasions, and on that day McArthur had asked if anyone knew the two were meeting.

“John told McArthur it was a secret and no one knew,” Cantlon said.

The two arrived at McArthur’s apartment, where the killer told the man to go to his bedroom. McArthur returned with handcuffs and told him “they were going to try something different.”

He then put a black bag over the man’s head. The man took it off then McArthur tried to tape his mouth closed.

That’s when police, “due to exigent circumstances, knocked on the door and arrested Mr. McArthur.”

Forensic analysis later revealed McArthur had a USB drive containing nine subfolders — one for each of the men he had killed , and a ninth labelled “John.”

That folder contained photos of the man police found handcuffed to McArthur’s bed.

On the day of Kinsman’s murder, forensic analysis found, McArthur had searched for “John” and downloaded photos of him from social media.

How McArthur ‘staged’ his victims

Court heard McArthur’s bedroom was a “frequent” site of the killings, most of which were made possible under the pretence of sex.

The investigation uncovered what Cantlon called “post-offence rituals,” including that McArthur posed his victims, took photos of them and kept some of their belongings.

McArthur took photos of Kinsman, Kayhan, Kanagaratnam, Selim Esen, Soroush Mahmudi and Dean Lisowick after killing them. Forensic analysis showed McArthur looked at these photos, which were organized into separate folders, “long after the killings.”

The 2016 choking incident

Cantlon described new, detailed information about a June 20, 2016, incident in which a man told police McArthur had attempted to choke him, but the killer was released without charges.

The victim reported McArthur showed up at his place of work and asked him to meet later that evening in his van in a parking lot. The man did so and reported finding McArthur had removed the seat behind the driver’s seat so that there was room to lie down, revealing a plastic sheet on the floor of the van and a fur coat on top of that.

McArthur asked the victim to lie on the coat and instructed him to put an arm behind his back. Then, “with a look of determination on his face,” he “grabbed the victim’s throat and started strangling him,” Cantlon said.

“What do you want from me,” the victim asked. McArthur did not respond and “continued squeezing the larynx” of the victim, who was unable to swallow properly for a week, Cantlon said.

The victim managed to roll away and escaped the van. He later called 911.

McArthur went to the police station on his own and was arrested, but gave an exculpatory statement.

“An officer released Mr. McArthur without charges, believing his statement to be credible,” Cantlon said.

Police later located photos of the victim on McArther’s electronic devices. In some of those images, he is seen wearing a fur coat that “appears identical” to the one seen in photographs of McArthur’s victims.

The similar lives of the people he killed

McArthur’s eight victims shared several things in common, court heard, including ties to Toronto’s Gay Village and a “social life” within the community. Many also met and corresponded with McArthur through dating apps.

They also had physical similarities, including that most had facial hair or a beard. Six victims were immigrants of South Asian of Middle Eastern descent.

Read more: Eight men, eight stories: What we know about serial killer Bruce McArthur’s victims

“Most of the deceased had traits that made victimization more likely or harder to detect. Some were forced to live parts of their lives in secret because of their orientation. Some lacked stable housing,” according to the statement of facts.

“There is evidence that Mr. McArthur sought out and exploited these vulnerabilities to continue his crimes undetected,” it reads.

What police found in McArthur’s van

Investigators located a significant amount of evidence inside McArthur’s two vans: the 2004 Dodge Caravan he’d attempted to get rid of at a wrecking yard in Courtice, Ont., and a 2017 van he later bought.

That included: the DNA of some of McArthur’s victims; a metal bar wrapped in tape that contained Esen and Kinsman’s DNA; dark brown leather lacing, later found to contain Navaratnam’s DNA; and the fur coat police believe McArthur used to pose with his victims, in a hidden compartment.

Wendy Gillis is a Toronto-based reporter covering crime and policing. Reach her by email at or follow her on Twitter: @wendygillis


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Alleged serial killer Bruce McArthur in court Tuesday ahead of ‘significant’ expected developments


Accused serial killer Bruce McArthur is scheduled to be in Ontario Superior Court this morning, where Toronto police say a “significant” development is expected.

In a statement released Monday, Toronto police announced a venue change — to one of the largest rooms in the downtown courthouse — and parking provisions for satellite trucks, signalling police anticipate a large media presence.

Bruce McArthur is accused of killing eight people. From left (top): Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, Majeed Kayhan, Skandaraj (Skanda) Navaratnam and Abdulbasir Faizi. From left (bottom): Selim Esen, Soroush Mahmudi, Dean Lisowick and Andrew Kinsman.
Bruce McArthur is accused of killing eight people. From left (top): Kirushna Kumar Kanagaratnam, Majeed Kayhan, Skandaraj (Skanda) Navaratnam and Abdulbasir Faizi. From left (bottom): Selim Esen, Soroush Mahmudi, Dean Lisowick and Andrew Kinsman.  (Star Wire Services)

Police did not provide any information about what the new developments might be, and McArthur’s lawyer could not be reached for comment Monday.

McArthur, 67, stands accused of killing eight men with ties to Toronto’s Gay Village between September 2010 to June 2017.

McArthur’s lawyer, Crown prosecutors and Ontario Court Justice John McMahon have recently held pretrial discussions behind closed doors ahead of the trial, which has been set for January 2020.

Police investigators recently began reaching out to families of McArthur’s alleged victims, according to Fareena Marezook, wife of Soroush Mahmudi, who police allege was killed by McArthur in 2015. In an interview Monday, she said police recently informed her and her son that a significant milestone would soon be reached in the case.

McArthur is alleged to have killed: Andrew Kinsman, 49; Selim Esen, 44; Majeed Kayhan, 58; Soroush Mahmudi, 50; Dean Lisowick, 47; Skandaraj (Skanda) Navaratnam, 40, Abdulbasir Faizi, 42, and Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam, 37. Many of the men had ties to the Gay Village and were of South Asian or Middle Eastern descent.

More to come.

Wendy Gillis is a Toronto-based reporter covering crime and policing. Reach her by email at or follow her on Twitter: @wendygillis


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Serial killer Dellen Millard appeals conviction and sentence for father’s murder


Serial killer Dellen Millard is appealing his first-degree murder conviction and sentence for the death of his father, arguing the outcome of his case was unreasonable.

Millard was found guilty in September of murdering his dad, Wayne Millard, whose death in 2012 was initially ruled a suicide.

In December, Justice Maureen Forestell sentenced the 33-year-old to his third consecutive life sentence, which means he will serve 75 years in prison before being able to apply for parole.

Two days after being sentenced, Millard filed a notice of appeal disputing Forestell’s conclusions.

« The verdict is unreasonable, » Millard wrote in the document dated Dec. 20. « The sentence is unconstitutional. »

Millard, who had pleaded not guilty to the murder of his father, a wealthy aviation executive, is also appealing his first-degree murder convictions and sentences for the deaths of Hamilton’s Tim Bosma, a complete stranger, and Toronto’s Laura Babcock, his one-time lover.

Millard had pleaded not guilty to the murder of his father, a wealthy aviation executive. (Court exhibit)

He committed those two murders with his former friend, Mark Smich, who is also appealing the verdicts in those cases.

Forestell, who presided over the Wayne Millard case without a jury, found that Dellen Millard shot his 71-year-old father through the left eye as he slept on Nov. 29, 2012.

She found that Millard took steps to set up a false alibi by leaving his car, a cellphone and his credit card at Smich’s house while he took a taxi to his father’s place in the middle of the night.

Forestell said at sentencing last month that there was faint hope for Millard’s rehabilitation.

« Dellen Millard has repeatedly committed the most serious offence known to our law, » she said.

« He has done so with considerable planning and premeditation. In the murder of his father, he took advantage of the vulnerability of his father and betrayed his father’s trust in him. »

A sketch of Dellen Millard, left, in court. Lawyer Ravin Pillay, centre, represented him and Justice Maureen Forestell presided over the trial. (Pam Davies)

Millard’s lawyer argued the consecutive sentence without parole eligibility was unduly long and harsh but the judge disagreed.

« It is necessary to impose a further penalty in order to express society’s condemnation of each of the murders that he has committed and to acknowledge the harm done to each of the victims, » she said.

« Dellen Millard is capable of gaining the trust of friends, relatives and strangers. Mr. Millard has, however, used his ability to gain such trust as a vehicle for planned and deliberate killings. »


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Pink salmon might be a threat to the killer whale population, scientists say – National


Over the years, scientists have identified dams, pollution and vessel noise as causes of the troubling decline of the Pacific Northwest’s resident killer whales. Now, they may have found a new and more surprising culprit: pink salmon.

Four salmon researchers were perusing data on the website of the Center for Whale Research, which studies the orcas, several months ago when they noticed a startling trend: that for the past two decades, significantly more of the whales have died in even-numbered years than in odd years.

WATCH BELOW: Scientists warn two southern resident orcas could soon die

In a newly published paper, they speculate that the pattern is related to pink salmon, which return to the Salish Sea between Washington state and Canada in enormous numbers every other year — though they’re not sure how. They suspect that the huge runs of pink salmon, which have boomed under conservation efforts and changes in ocean conditions in the past two decades, might interfere with the whales’ ability to hunt their preferred prey, Chinook salmon.

BC Chinook salmon population in decline, scientists say

Given the dire plight of the orcas, which officials say are on the brink of extinction, the researchers decided to publicize their discovery without waiting to investigate its causes.

“The main point was getting out to the public word about this biennial pattern so people can start thinking about this important, completely unexpected factor in the decline of these whales,” said one of the authors, Greg Ruggerone. “It’s important to better understand what’s occurring here because that could help facilitate recovery actions.”

Ruggerone, president of Seattle-based Natural Resources Consultants and former chairman of the Columbia River Independent Scientific Advisory Board, and the other authors — Alan Springer of the University of Alaska at Fairbanks, Leon Shaul of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, and independent researcher Gus van Vliet of Auke Bay, Alaska — have previously studied how pink salmon compete for prey with other species.

WATCH BELOW: Partial whale-watching ban imposed off Washington state

As news stories chronicled the struggles of the orcas last year — one whale carried her dead calf on her head for 17 days in an apparent effort to revive it — the four biologists looked at data on the Center for Whale Research’s site. Thanks to their previous research, it took them only a few minutes to recognize a trend that had escaped the attention of other scientists.

“We know that some are good years for the whales and some are bad years, but we hadn’t put it together that it was a biennial trend,” said Ken Balcomb, the center’s founding director, one of the foremost experts on the so-called Southern Resident killer whales.

Further analyzing the data, the researchers found that from 1998 to 2017, as the population of whales decreased from 92 to 76, more than 3.5 times as many newborn and older whales died during even years — 61, versus 17 in odd years. During that period, there were 32 successful births during odd years, but only 16 during even years.

Salmon Village brand Atlantic salmon nuggets recalled over listeria concerns

That biennial pattern did not exist during a prior 22-year period from 1976 to 1997, when the whale population was recovering from efforts to capture orcas for aquarium display, the researchers said.

But in 1998, salmon harvests were curtailed amid efforts to boost runs decimated by overfishing, pollution and habitat loss. A strong change in ocean conditions occurred around the same time, benefiting pink salmon especially by increasing the abundance of zooplankton, which make up much of the pink salmon’s diet.

WATCH BELOW: Scientists sound the alarm about B.C. Chinook salmon population

The combined effect of the ocean changes and fishing restrictions has greatly benefited the pinks, which are by far most numerous salmon species in the North Pacific. When they return to the Salish Sea, there are about 50 for each of the bigger, fattier Chinook. Nearly all pinks return to their natal streams in odd years, completing their two-year life cycle, unlike other salmon, which stay in the ocean longer.

In this Jan. 18, 2014, file photo, an endangered female orca leaps from the water while breaching in Puget Sound west of Seattle, Wash.

AP Photo/Elaine Thompson

Meanwhile, Chinook populations have continued to struggle — the dearth of Chinook is considered the most severe threat to the orcas — and many scientists say they will continue to do so unless four dams on the Lower Snake River are breached. The researchers speculate that the blossoming numbers of pinks in the Salish Sea during odd-numbered years have interfered with the echolocation the orcas use to hunt increasingly sparse Chinook. The orcas almost never eat pink salmon.

Because the whales are such large mammals, the theory goes, the stress caused by the pinks in odd years would not affect their mortality rates and reproductive rates until the following year — and that’s why more die in even years.

WATCH BELOW: Group calls for an end to all Chinook salmon fishing to save orcas

Another possibility is that presence of pinks means less food for the Chinook — and thus less food for the orcas, Ruggerone said.

The researchers also put forth a contrary hypothesis: that the presence of pinks somehow enhances the orcas’ hunting, improving their survival in odd-numbered years — though they say they have no reason to believe that’s the case.


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Alleged Gay Village serial killer Bruce McArthur set to appear in court Wednesday


Alleged serial killer Bruce McArthur is scheduled to appear in Ontario Superior Court Wednesday morning.

Late last year, Justice John McMahon scheduled McArthur’s trial to begin in January 2020. McArthur, 67, is charged with eight counts of first-degree murder in deaths of men, killings alleged to have occurred between 2010 to 2017.

McArthur’s court appearance comes just short of a year since he was arrested by Toronto police and charged in the deaths of two men who went missing from the city’s Gay Village in 2017: Andrew Kinsman, 49; Selim Esen, 44.

As police continued their extensive investigation over the next few months, they would ultimately charge McArthur in the deaths of six more men, all of whom had connections to the Gay Village: Majeed Kayhan, 58; Soroush Mahmudi, 50; Dean Lisowick, 47; Skandaraj (Skanda) Navaratnam, 40; Abdulbasir Faizi, 42; and Kirushnakumar Kanagaratnam, 37.

The remains of all eight victims were discovered on a Leaside property where McArthur had worked as a landscaper. Seven victims remains were found buried in large planters, while the remains of the eighth were located in a forested ravine behind the property during an extensive excavation conducted last summer.


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