QS: Question d’influence | Le Devoir

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Les porte-parole de Québec solidaire avaient profondément agacé les libéraux en déclarant que leur parti serait la « véritable opposition officielle » au gouvernement Legault. Dans la mesure où le PLQ et la CAQ ont été bonnet blanc et blanc bonnet depuis des années, c’est QS qui constituait une réelle solution de rechange, faisaient-ils valoir. De toute manière, aussi bien le PLQ que le PQ allaient devoir consacrer l’essentiel de leurs énergies à redéfinir leur raison d’être et à trouver un nouveau chef.

Le palmarès des cent personnes les plus influentes du Québec publié dans le numéro de janvier du magazine L’actualité tend à justifier les prétentions de QS. Alors que ses deux porte-parole font bonne figure au palmarès, il n’y a aucun élu libéral, qu’il soit toujours en poste ou à la retraite.

Il est dans l’ordre des choses que le premier ministre François Legault se retrouve en première place et que quatre de ses ministres soient également sur la liste. Il est plus intrigant que Manon Massé et Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois arrivent au 33e et au 34e rang respectivement, alors que QS est celui des quatre partis officiellement reconnus à l’Assemblée nationale qui a obtenu le moins de voix.

Il est vrai que les chefs intérimaires sont sérieusement handicapés par leur statut temporaire. Pierre Arcand — tout comme Pascal Bérubé au PQ — est appelé au mieux à devenir un brillant second. Le palmarès de L’actualité n’en illustre pas moins de façon très claire la panne d’influence qui frappe un parti qui s’est longtemps perçu comme le « parti naturel de gouvernement ».

Celui dans lequel plusieurs voyaient un futur chef, Alexandre Taillefer, arrive au 68e rang, et on estime son influence en baisse. Un homme comme Mario Dumont (16e) permettrait peut-être au PLQ de se remettre en selle, mais l’ancien chef de l’ADQ, devenu un commentateur vedette, ne donne aucun signe de vouloir reprendre du service. D’ailleurs, on l’imaginerait mieux à la CAQ.

 
 

On retrouve sur la liste les deux personnalités qui incarnent parfaitement les avenues opposées entre lesquelles le PQ devra éventuellement choisir. On ne sait pas si les péquistes, qui l’ont vu à l’oeuvre, voudraient encore de Pierre Karl Péladeau ni si lui-même souhaite encore diriger le PQ. Au 7e rang, il est cependant clair que le maître de l’empire Québecor demeure un homme très influent.

Au 69e rang, Véronique Hivon est la sociale-démocrate modèle. Tout le monde aime la députée de Joliette. La question est de savoir si ses grandes qualités sont bien celles que requiert la fonction de chef.

Entre les deux, au 54e rang, Bernard Drainville. L’ancien ministre s’est refait une image derrière son micro. Il n’a jamais dit qu’il ne reviendrait pas éventuellement en politique, mais le souvenir de la Charte de la laïcité est sans doute trop récent.

 
 

L’éclipse de l’opposition n’a rien d’étonnant au lendemain d’une élection où un nouveau gouvernement a été élu de façon aussi convaincante. En politique, l’influence est cependant une chose éphémère. Le portrait pourrait être très différent dans quatre ans.

Lucien Bouchard est le seul ancien premier ministre qui apparaît au palmarès de L’actualité et on l’explique en partie par sa proximité avec François Legault. Jean Charest, qui a dirigé le Québec bien plus longtemps et bien plus récemment, n’y figure pas.

Il ne faut pas confondre l’influence et la popularité. Comme le souligne L’actualité, si la popularité avait été un critère, Céline Dion apparaîtrait assurément sur la liste et en bonne place, alors que le chef de cabinet du premier ministre, Martin Koskinen, ne serait pas au 10e rang.

La présence des deux porte-parole de QS dans le premier tiers du classement n’en étonne pas moins. Personne ne conteste que Manon Massé a mené une très bonne campagne électorale et que Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois est solidement installé dans le paysage politique québécois.

Depuis le 1er octobre, c’est néanmoins la nouvelle députée de Taschereau, Catherine Dorion, qui a fait couler le plus d’encre et de salive. Beaucoup trop, d’ailleurs. Il y a sans doute des gens de valeur parmi les autres députés et députées que QS a fait élire, mais on ne peut pas dire qu’ils ont beaucoup retenu l’attention jusqu’à présent.

Outre le pouvoir que confère une institution aussi puissante que l’État ou une grande entreprise, l’équipe de L’actualité a pris en compte « la volonté de faire évoluer la société ».

À cet égard, même s’ils pourraient bien passer leur vie dans l’opposition, il faut reconnaître que les porte-parole de QS ont plusieurs longueurs d’avance sur les libéraux, qui se spécialisent depuis trop longtemps dans le maintien du statu quo.

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MDs question motives, results of vote by specialists trying to break away from OMA

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A group of specialists trying to break away from the Ontario Medical Association is being called out by peers who charge that the discord is all about money.

“They don’t want to be the group that has to give up (some money) for other groups to increase their earnings,” general surgeon Dr. Nancy Baxter said in an interview Tuesday.

“Until the OMA started talking more about relativity, you didn’t hear about these specialty organizations wanting to break away,” continued Baxter, one of many doctors who has gone public with criticisms — many of them on social media — of a referendum the breakaway specialists held last week.

“Relativity” refers to big pay gaps between different medical specialties. The OMA, which represents Ontario’s 31,000 practising physicians in contract negotiations with the provincial government, has struggled recently to develop a recommendation on the issue for an arbitration panel charged with resolving a four-year-old contract dispute.

The stakes in the ongoing dispute are high. The arbitration panel must first determine how much extra money should be added to the physician services budget, which currently stands at more than $12 billion or 10 per cent of the entire provincial budget. The panel must then determine how the extra money should be divvied up between different specialties.

Radiologist Dr. David Jacobs, who is spearheading the breakaway efforts, served as an OMA board member until late September when he resigned and announced the need to form a separate specialist group. In an open letter critical of the OMA, Jacobs noted it was unable to reach a negotiated settlement with the new Ford government and charged its bureaucracy has grown while its accountability has waned.

He said 24 specialty sections recognized by the OMA (there are 49) had shown interest in forming a separate group, writing that they should be able to freely choose who represents them. He called for one bargaining agent to represent family doctors and another to represent specialists.

The timing of Jacobs’ resignation coincided with the release of a report from the OMA’s relativity advisory committee, which recommended narrowing pay gaps between medical specialties. It called for the pay of four top-billing specialties — radiologists, ophthalmologists, cardiologists and gastroenterologists — to be cut by up to 1 per cent annually for 11 years. Money saved would then be redistributed to lower-paid specialty groups.

Essentially, this means high-paid specialties would get a smaller piece of the pie and lower-paid specialties a bigger one.

While the word “relativity” was never mentioned in the letter, there was reference to an upcoming meeting of the OMA’s 250-plus member governing council at which a vote was to take place on whether to endorse the committee’s recommendation to narrow pay gaps. Jacobs, who is also vice president of the Ontario Association of Radiologists, warned the meeting would “further divide” the OMA and said he “cannot be party to this.”

Council members voted almost 80 per cent in favour of narrowing pay gaps.

But in an unusual move, the board then persuaded council to change its decision to one that would see each of the 49 sections make its own pitch to the arbitration panel on how to tackle relativity.

The OMA leadership then came under fire from doctors on Twitter, angry over what they called “copping out” on a difficult issue. Others interpreted the move as a strategic one aimed at weakening support for the formation of a separate specialist group.

Jacobs subsequently revealed the formation of the Ontario Specialists Association (OSA) and invited specialists to vote on a “referendum” in late November to secede from the OMA.

In releasing the results of that vote last week, the OSA issued a news release stating “Ontario Specialist Groups Vote Overwhelmingly to Leave the OMA.” The release stated the majority of voters from eight sections were in favour of separating, but there was very limited information released beyond that.

But upon further investigation by the OMA and others, it was learned that only 10 per cent of specialists and 5 per cent of all doctors voted in favour of a divorce.

The OSA also issued incorrect information, initially stating the majority of otolaryngologists (also known as ear, nose and throat doctors or ENTs) had voted to separate when in fact the opposite was true.

On Twitter, many opposing physicians are calling into question the motives and results of the vote.

Emergency medicine physician Dr. Ian Stiell, referring to why a majority of ER doctors opposed the split: “Emergency physicians are a very poor fit with the Ontario Specialists Association which wants to preserve income for the highest billing specialists without addressing relativity.”

Psychiatrist Dr. Javeed Sukhera: “Shame on (the OSA). Relativity is about valuing each and every physician. It is not about knocking each other down. If we help lift each other, we all win.”

Family medicine resident Ali Damji: “We are in an era where new money isn’t coming to us so we need to redistribute and invest in underfunded areas (primary care, mental health, elderly) … Which unfortunately also means that when we invest in that part of the pie, other parts become smaller. I don’t think doing so in an evidence-based and thoughtful way is a bad thing — and it’s needed.”

Baxter, adding to the growing chorus of female doctors calling for disparity in pay between male and female physicians to be addressed: “We need relativity within and across specialties to address the discrimination experienced by physicians in Ontario. (OSA) needs to figure this out as well.”

Pediatrician Dr. Mo Eltorki, questioning the results of the vote: “Sorry, please elaborate on your definition of success! This does not represent specialties in Ontario, not even close! You forgot to mention the large specialties that refused to split from the OMA: emergency medicine, dermatology, ENT, occupational therapy and plastic surgery.”

Asked earlier if the issue of relativity was behind the efforts of the OSA to separate, Jacobs would only say all doctors are facing fee cuts. He has repeatedly stated the Ford government is receptive to the idea of specialists forming their own organization.

The Medical Post last month quoted an unnamed Ford government source stating that the province would respect the results of the referendum. The source said if a “critical mass” of doctors voted to split, the government would be open to amending legislation to make that happen.

Since then, Health Minister Christine Elliott’s office has only said the government is seeking legal advice on how to proceed.

Theresa Boyle is a Toronto-based reporter covering health. Follow her on Twitter: @theresaboyle

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How to Get Glowing Skin Is the 2018 Version of the Question, How to Have It All | Healthyish

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It was a typical Tuesday afternoon in November, and I was making my way through a checklist of errands around Manhattan. As I crossed the street, a bus intercepted my path, slapped with an ad for collagen powder: “Let’s glow, babes.” A few blocks later, I encountered a sandwich board outside a beauty shop that read: “Want a glow? We’ve got a mask for that.” While I waited in line at Whole Foods, I popped open Instagram for a scroll through my feed and happened upon @namvo and her daily dose of #DewyDumplings. Later, I perused the newspaper at a local café and saw an article on the latest wedding diet trend—a high-fat diet that, you guessed it, gives you a glow. You get my point: We’ve become a culture obsessed with glowing. But why?

The surface-level answer, of course, is found in our standards of beauty. As the label on my Kaffe 1668 “Glow” juice reminds me, we’ll do anything “for youthful skin.” Like it or not, we still live in a society in which having the complexion of a literal baby is a status symbol. Healthy, clear-looking skin also communicates good hygiene and self-maintenance—just ask any acne sufferer about the ridicule and judgment they’ve endured.

People have coveted youthful, healthy appearances since the beginning of time, but today’s version of glowing goes deeper, literally. Not that long ago, the words “you’re glowing” was a compliment reserved for women at very specific life stages: new love, weddings, and pregnancy. It was a signal of feminine energy, of fertility. Now, we’re expected to glow every damn day. It’s the number one indicator of “wellness,” that concept that’s come to mean everything and nothing at all.

Year after year, the global wellness industry continues to increase by the billions. It’s invaded just about every other industry from beauty to fitness to medicine to travel. We are all zealously striving for a healthy, well-balanced life; meanwhile, it’s all starting to look like a familiar trap.

In 1982, writer and longtime Cosmopolitan editor Helen Gurley Brown came out with her iconic book, Having It All: Love, Success, Sex, Money . . . Even if You’re Starting With Nothing. The book is a symbol of the false promise of feminism: that women can raise kids, clean house, go to work, feed the family, and please their partners at the end of the night. Today, the wellness industry tells us we should be meditating, shooting apple cider vinegar, going to yoga, and following our 15-step skincare routine, all before we’ve whipped up our adaptogenic breakfast smoothie. If wellness is to 2018 what “having it all” was to the ’80s, then glowing is the modern equivalent of showing up to the potluck with a perfect perm, two well-behaved children, and a croquembouche.

greenpowderslead.jpg

Photo by Chelsie Craig

Our supplement shelves overfloweth with green powders like these that claim to help you glow.

And like « having it all, » chasing the glow is a never-ending pursuit, and an expensive one too, filled with acupuncture appointments, boutique fitness classes, organic food, and a pantry full of potions, powders, and pills. So what’s a modern woman to do? If there’s one lesson we can keep from the stereotypical glow—the love, marriage, and pregnancy kind—it’s that glowing comes from happiness, confidence, and pleasure, not hyaluronic-acid serums, raw food diets, or Instagram filters.

And it’s those feelings we’ll have to pursue—not necessarily products—if we want to truly radiate. Happiness is a custom cocktail of our own creation, and we just won’t get there by chasing the version depicted on the side of a bus. We have to figure out what actually lights us up, and I’m not talking about the glare of your smartphone. In a world where there seems to be no end to the barrage of messages about what I should be doing, I find blissful, dewy joy in the things no one seems to care about selling: a walk through the residential streets of the West Village, posting up in a hotel lobby to observe and absorb passersby, a visit to Central Park just as the leaves have changed, complimenting a stranger’s shoe choice on the street, finding a Sweet Dumpling squash at the farmers’ market and roasting it when I get home. Interestingly, it’s the things I do intentionally, just for me, that spark connection with something greater. And, bonus: None of these things come with a hefty price tag.

As that Roald Dahl saying goes, “If you have good thoughts, they will shine out of your face like sunbeams and you will always look lovely.” It’s a line meant for children, but shouldn’t we all agree?

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La notion de vie privée est une question de culture, selon le vice-président de Cisco

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Ce haut gradé du géant de l’informatique américaine a tenu ces propos lorsque l’animateur l’a interrogé sur sa position par rapport à la surveillance des citoyens par les autorités à l’ère des villes intelligentes.

Selon Guy Diedrich, les responsables des entreprises technologiques doivent d’abord et avant tout se préoccuper de leur prospérité et de leur pérennité dans un monde de plus en plus connecté. M. Diedrich n’a pas évoqué les droits de la personne dans sa réponse.

« C’est une question difficile, certainement, a expliqué M. Diedrich au congrès Fortune Global Tech Forum. La technologie est agnostique, elle ne connaît pas nécessairement de frontières. La façon de s’en servir est une considération culturelle, gouvernementale et citoyenne. »

Ces commentaires de M. Diedrich surviennent alors que Cisco construit une ville intelligente d’une valeur de 3 G$ US dans le district de Panyu, à Canton.

Le projet suscite une certaine controverse à l’international en raison des craintes que le gouvernement chinois s’en serve pour surveiller encore davantage sa population. La Chine est l’un des pays où les technologies de surveillance sont les plus avancées au monde, et elle devrait compter 600 millions de caméras de surveillance d’ici 2020.

Ce réseau de caméras, jumelé à l’usage grandissant des mégadonnées et de la reconnaissance assistée par intelligence artificielle, fait en sorte que les Chinois sont constamment épiés.

La technologie de reconnaissance faciale est si avancée en Chine qu’un suspect recherché avait pu être repéré dans une foule de 60 000 personnes à un concert, en avril dernier.

Il existe même en Chine un système de notation des comportements, qui attribue un score aux citoyens en fonction de leur bonne ou mauvaise conduite.

Toutes ces technologies sont régulièrement décriées par les organismes de défense des droits de la personne, qui y voient des façons d’étouffer la dissidence.

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Trudeau responds to Christopher Garnier’s Veteran Affairs payouts during question period

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Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was pressed during question period on whether the government will revoke convicted killer Christopher Garnier’s Veterans Affairs payouts.

Conservative Party leader Andrew Scheer revisited the matter during Wednesday’s question period, when he acknowledged that the Trudeau government is changing the policy that led to Garnier receiving benefits but claims they “refuse” to intervene and revoke payouts to the convicted killer.

Garnier, 30, was convicted of second-degree murder and interfering with human remains in the 2015 death of 36-year-old Truro police officer Const. Catherine Campbell.

“Catherine Campbell’s parents are visiting Parliament Hill today so I’m wondering if the prime minister can explain why he’s putting the interests of Catherine Campbell’s killer ahead of the interests of Canada’s veterans,” Scheer said.

“Our hearts and the hearts of all Canadians go out to Susan and Dwight and all of Const. Campbell’s family,” Trudeau replied. “The Minister of Veterans Affairs and the member from Central Nova have reached out and conveyed that to them directly.”

READ MORE: Killing off-duty cop gave Christopher Garnier PTSD, should be mitigating factor in sentencing: defence

Trudeau then defended Veterans Affairs Minister Seamus O’Regan, whom the prime minister said is addressing existing policy related to treatment of family members under extenuating circumstances, such as conviction of a serious crime.

“This will ensure we continue to support veterans and their families who need our help,” Trudeau stated.

WATCH: Christopher Garnier case continues to dominate Question Period






In Garnier’s trial, the jury found that he strangled Campbell and used a compost bin to dump her body near the Macdonald Bridge. The conviction carries an automatic life sentence with no eligibility for parole before 13.5 years served for the crime.

Despite never having served in the Canadian Forces, Garnier’s application for benefits was approved because his father is a veteran who told the court that getting PTSD treatment for his son would help him, too.

The decision prompted widespread outrage from the public and veterans who are facing months-long wait times for similar benefits.

READ MORE: ‘We’re Catherine’s voice’: Mother of murdered cop pleads with Ottawa to revoke benefits to her killer

Campbell’s parents met with Scheer, MPs and veterans Tuesday on Parliament Hill in an attempt to have Garnier’s benefits revoked.

“This is terribly wrong,” Susan Campbell told Global News. “I don’t know how this government can condone giving this coverage to somebody who is not even a veteran and has brought this on by his own doing.”

—With files from Amanda Connolly

© 2018 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Indigenous students question universities’ commitment to Indigenization

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Ntawnis Piapot is one of two recipients of the 2018 CJF-CBC Indigenous Journalism Fellowships, established to encourage Indigenous voices and better understanding of Indigenous issues in Canada’s major media and community outlets.


Darian Lonechild, a student at the University of Saskatchewan, says she first joined the Facebook group « USask Confessions » simply for entertainment purposes.

The USask Confessions group encourages people to: « Private message us your most heartfelt, disgusting, hilarious, filthy, embarrassing confessions! It will be posted ANONYMOUSLY on this page. » 

Some posts are humorous, some profess their secret admiration for others. However, Lonechild said certain posts that take aim at Indigenous people are « appalling. »

(USask Confessions/Facebook)

« You really question if true critical thought is flourishing and is the university really doing its job, » she said.

Lonechild, a provincially elected youth representative for the Federation of Saskatchewan Indigenous Nations — and nationally as the female youth representative of the Assembly of First Nations — said social media posts like this shouldn’t be taken lightly.

(USask Confessions/Facebook)

« When stereotypes and racist confessions are made… It really can make a student feel unsafe in an environment where they’re supposed to learn and feel safe, » said Lonechild.

Jacqueline Ottmann, the University of Saskatchewan’s Provost of Indigenous Education, said the USask Confessions page is not connected to the university and the vice-provost of teaching and learning has been exploring what can be done to challenge the website when it comes to racist posts.

The University of Saskatchewan recently unveiled a new strategic plan that outlines its goals for the next seven years and its aim to make the university a leader in Indigenization.

Indigenization is a term universities have adopted to describe efforts to include Indigenous knowledge and ways of knowing at their institutions. 

« Indigenization is not a separate commitment on its own, » said University of Saskatchewan President Peter Stoicheff.

« It runs through every commitment that we have, and that’s the university of the future. »

Tensions in the classroom

Erica Violet Lee, a recent graduate of the University of Saskatchewan, sat on many Indigenization committees during her time at the U of S. Lee was also a teacher’s assistant for a mandatory Indigenous Studies course.

Erica Violet Lee is a recent graduate of the University of Saskatchewan. (Erica Violet Lee/Facebook )

Lee said at times non-Indigenous students would roll their eyes or not take her seriously when she would be at the front of the classroom but she said she kept her message the same for each of her students: « You need to understand colonialism to properly serve Indigenous communities. »

« I realized this classroom may be the only interaction that they may have with someone Indigenous before they go and have an impact on our community members’ lives as social workers, as teachers, as health care workers, health care providers, » she told CBC.

Students at the University of Saskatchewan say there was tension after the Gerald Stanley verdict earlier this year.

In response, Lee said they held events to help students talk about the Stanley verdict and how it affected them in order to make students feel safe. That’s something that’s key to Indigenizing the campus, said Ottmann.

« These things are happening in our province and of course we have to talk about them in class. We don’t leave genocide at the door when we walk into a classroom, » Lee said.

« So those tensions — whether they’re talked about or not — are always in [Saskatchewan] classrooms. »

Leigh Thomas at the University of Saskatchewan. (Ntawnis Piapot/CBC)

Leigh Thomas is a U of S student who identifies as a two-spirit, genderqueer man whose first language is Cree.

« I don’t feel safe at all in any space I occupy, » Thomas said.

« There’s homophobia, there’s racism and then there’s also just straight up bigotry within classrooms and it’s because there is a lack of education and communication. »

New mural 

Indigenous artists Christi Belcourt and Isaac Murdoch painted a mural at the University of Saskatchewan this week depicting water protectors.

« I think art helps to open people’s minds and create thought and that’s really important, especially in a place like university, » said Belcourt.

Christi Belcourt and Isaac Murdoch in front of their mural at the University of Saskatchewan. (Ntawnis Piapot/CBC)

But she acknowledged the limitations.  

« I think it’s generally a huge, uphill battle to try and Indigenize spaces that are typically not Indigenous spaces. »

Lonechild said that to Indigenize the universities, there needs to be human-to-human contact between students of all nationalities.

« The divide is real that the non-Indigenous students are sitting far away or completely separate from other students, » said Lonechild.

Universities ‘complicit’ with colonization, says UWinnipeg official

Kevin Lamoureux, the associate vice-president of Indigenous Affairs at the University of Winnipeg, said they are doing their best to fulfil the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action.

They intend to help Indigenize the campus by ensuring every student at the university takes a mandatory Indigenous Studies course. They said they still have a long way to go.

« Universities across Canada are absolutely complicit with the exercise of colonization, » said Lamoureux.

« Many of the pseudo-justifications of colonial practices were born out of universities. Much of the hurts and harms that have been caused come from universities. »

Lynn Lavallée, the University of Manitoba’s vice-provost of Indigenous Education, said she measures the success of her Indigenization program by the success and the safety of Indigenous students that attend U of M.

« When a student — a male Indigenous warrior, very apparently Indigenous — can walk into the academy and not have security called on him, then I’ll talk about Indigenizing the academy, » Lavallée said.

Lavallée said U of M has implemented Indigenous content into its nursing and law programs. But she said what works in the arts department might not work in say, the engineering program, so they have to look for solutions.

One would be to incorporate an « infusion » of Indigenous knowledge throughout a four-year degree program. The other would be to offer a full one-semester course. She prefers the latter.

« I’m not a fan of the infusion model for a variety of reasons, and that is because we are asking people without the expertise on a topic to teach about a topic, » she said.

« What we see happening is Indigenizing the academy, even including Indigenizing spaces, falls on the shoulders of Indigenous people already at the institution. »

Students as teachers

Most of the Indigenous students CBC spoke to talked about the « free labour » they provide, often bearing the brunt of the process of Indigenizing academia.

« Native students aren’t just allowed to focus on their own work and on their own success because often we’re too busy working on making classrooms bearable for ourselves and other students to come to, or we’re talking to professors or administrators [about] things that they should know already living in Saskatchewan, » said Lee.

Chance Paupanekis outside Migizii Agamik – Bald Eagle Lodge at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg. (Ntawnis Piapot/CBC)

University of Manitoba student and former Indigenous Student Association President Chance Paupanekis has been involved with numerous provincial and national initiatives to help Indigenize education. He helped start the « reconciliACTION » campaign for students to hold academic administration to account when it comes to fulfilling their promises to Indigenize, reconcile relationships with Indigenous people and, most of all, educate.

« We are here to get our degrees firstly, » he said.

« I’ve been in student leadership for four years now and I just received a position that pays me a small honorarium. I don’t do it for the money. I do it because I have the passion and I see the need for these things for our kids and our children’s children. »

Hire elders

Rollin Baldhead, a student in the Indigenous Teacher Education Program at the University of Saskatchewan, said he envisions changes — like paying elders higher wages for their teaching for a start — when it comes to Indigenizing.

Rollin Baldhead in front of the Gordon Oakes Centre at the University of Saskatchewan. (Ntawnis Piapot/CBC)

« If we are able to pay four or 10 elders from all areas of Saskatchewan and have them here for maybe about two years and try not to burn them out… paying them on a PhD level pay grade, then these teachers, these elders could then begin passing on their oral tradition, passing on their stories. »

Lamoureux said it is up to the Indigenous community to tell academic administration when they’ve been successful in Indigenizing campuses. But his personal goal is simple.

« When an Indigenous person can come to the University of Winnipeg and say that ‘I feel like my experience here is meaningful and my identity was honoured — as any other student’s identity should be — and I feel like I am graduating with a degree that in no way comes at the expense of my cultural identity, or my family, or my own sense of responsibility to history,’ that would be success. »

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